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Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 2

Jan 10, 2018 18:28 IST
    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 2
    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 2

    The static part of the UPSC syllabus is the fundamental section to be studied during IAS preparation. An IAS aspirant should finish the study of necessary books for IAS Exam on priority basis then they should proceed to the next level of IAS preparation. To study the questions based on the static topics of every subject is simultaneously important for IAS Exam. Here we have provided multiple choice questions based on the topic of Indian Modern History, struggle for Swaraj are very important for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Consider the following statements regarding the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms:
    1. In 1918, Edwin Montagu, the Secretary of State, and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy, produced their scheme of constitutional reforms which led to the enactment of the Government of India Act of 1919.
    2. After the scheme of constitutional reforms, the Provincial Legislative Councils were enlarged and the majority of their members were to be elected.
    3. The provincial governments were given more powers under the system of Diarchy.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    In 1918, Edwin Montagu, the Secretary of State, and Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy, produced their scheme of constitutional reforms which led to the enactment of the Government of India Act of 1919. The Provincial Legislative Councils were enlarged and the majority of their members were to be elected. The provincial governments were given more powers under the system of Diarchy. Under this system some subjects, such as finance and law and order, were called „reserved‟ subjects and remained under the direct control of the Governor; others such as education, public health, and local self-government, were called „transferred‟ subjects and were to be controlled by ministers responsible to the legislatures.

    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 1

    2. Consider the following statements regarding the powers of Governor after Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms:
    1. Under this system, some subjects, such as finance and law and order, were called „reserved‟ subjects and remained under the direct control of the Governor.
    2. The Governor remained with partial control over the finances after Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms.
    3. The Governor could, moreover, overrule the ministers on any grounds that he considered special.

    Which of the above statement is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Under this system some subjects, such as finance and law and order, were called „reserved‟ subjects and remained under the direct control of the Governor; others such as education, public health, and local self-government, were called „transferred‟ subjects and were to be controlled by ministers responsible to the legislatures. This also meant that while some of the spending departments were transferred, the Governor retained complete control over the finances. The Governor could, moreover, overrule the ministers on any grounds that he considered special. At the centre, there were to be two houses of legislature, the lower house, the Legislative Assembly, were to have 41 nominated members in a total strength of 144. The upper house, the Council of State, was to have 26 nominated and 34 elected members. The legislature had virtually no control over the Governor-General and his Executive Council. On the other hand, the Central Government had unrestricted control over the provincial governments. Moreover the right to vote was severely restricted. In 1920, the total number of voters was 909,874 for the lower house and 17,364 for the upper house.

    MODERN HISTORY Study Material for IAS

    3. The Indian National Congress met in a special session at Bombay in August 1918 under the presidentship of which of the following Indian nationalists to consider the Montagu-Chelmsford Reform proposals?
    a. Abul Kalam Azad
    b. Hasan Imam
    c. Madan Mohan Malaviya
    d. Mazhar-ul-Huq

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Indian nationalists had, however, advanced far beyond such halting concessions. They were no longer willing to let an alien government decide their fitness for self-government, nor would they be satisfied with the shadow of political power. The Indian National Congress met in a special session at Bombay in August 1918 under the presidentship of Hasan Imam to consider the reform proposals. It condemned them as “disappointing and unsatisfactory” and demanded effective self-government instead. Some of the veteran Congress leaders led by Surendranath Banerjee were in favour of accepting the government proposals and left the Congress at this time. They refused to attend the Bombay session, where they would have formed an insignificant minority, and founded the Indian Liberal Federation. They came to be known as Liberals and played a minor role in Indian politics hereafter.

    IAS Prelims Exam Modern History Questions: Economic Impact of the British Rule 1

    4. In which of the following country Mahatma pursued legal education?
    a. Britain
    b. South Africa
    c. India
    d. Russia

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    M.K, Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. After getting his legal education in Britain, he went to South Africa to practise law. Imbued with a high sense of justice, he was revolted by the injustice, discrimination, and degradation to which Indians lead to submit in the South African colonies. Indian labourers who had gone to South Africa and the merchants who followed were denied the right to vote. They had to register and pay a poll-tax. They could not reside except in prescribed locations which were unsanitary and congested. In some of the South African colonies, the Asians, as also the Africans, could not stay out of doors after 9 p.m.; nor could they use public footpaths. Gandhi soon became the leader of the struggle against these conditions and during 1893-94 was engaged in a heroic though unequal struggle against the racist authorities of South Africa.

    Modern History Quiz: Economic Impact of the British Rule 2

    5. Gandhi's first great experiment in Satyagraha came in which of the following places of India?
    a. Sabarmati
    b. Dandi
    c. Champaran
    d. Kheda

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    Gandhi‟s first great experiment in Satyagraha came in 1917 in Champaran, a district in Bihar. The peasantry on the indigo plantations in the district was excessively oppressed by the European planters. Tliey were compelled to grow indigo on at least 3/20th of their land and to sell it at prices fixed by the planters. Similar conditions had prevailed earlier in Bengal, but as a result of a major uprising during 1859-61, the peasants there had won their freedom from the indigo planters.

    History Questions for IAS

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