Get NCERT solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 13: A Shelter So High. Read these exclusive solutions to bring an end to all your doubts and confusions. You will find here the detailed and appropriate solutions for all questions given in NCERT Class 5 EVS Chapter 13. All these solutions are prepared by subject experts to provide the most accurate and reliable study resource to students.
NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS
Chapter 13: A Shelter So High
NCERT Page No. 121
(a) Check in your map. Which states would one pass through while traveling from Mumbai to Kashmir?
(b) GauravJani passed through several states while going from Mumbai to Delhi. Find the capital cities of these states. Was there any other big town on his way?
(c) Is Manali a plain or a hilly area? In which state is it?
(a) One would pass through the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh while traveling from Mumbai to Kashmir.
(b) GauravJani passed through the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. Capitals cities of these states are written below:
Maharashtra - Mumbai
Gujarat - Gandhinagar
Rajasthan - Jaipur
Some of the big towns he might have crossed on his way could be Surat, Ahmedabad and Jaipur.
(c) Manali is a hilly area. It is in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
NCERT Page No. 122
(a) Have you ever stayed in a tent? Where? What was it like?
(b) Imagine that you were to stay alone in a small tent for two days and could take with you only ten things. Make a list of those ten things.
(c) What are the different types of houses that you have seen? Tell your friends about it. Make drawings too.
(a) Yes, I once had a chance to stay in a tent while my trip to Rishikesh. It was quite an adventurous experience.
(b) Ten things I would keep with me are: Clothes, sweater, blanket, some packaged food items, stove, water, torch, mosquito repellent, shoes and camera.
(c) I have seen following three types of houses:
(i) Pucca house made of bricks, cement, iron bars and concrete.
(ii) Kacha house made of mud, bamboo sticks and straws.
(iii) Wooden house made in hilly areas.
Note: Students may use their imagination and observation to draw different types of houses they have seen.
NCERT Page No. 123
(a) During winters, Tashi and his family live on the ground floor. Why would they be doing so?
(b) What is the roof of your house like? What all is the roof used for?
(a) Ground floor does not have any windows which prevents the cold air from entering the rooms. This keeps the ground floor warmer than the first floor. Due to this, Tashi and his family live on the ground floor in winters.
(b) The roof of my house is flat. It is made of cement, bricks and concrete. It is utilised for various purposes like:
- Drying clothes, chillies, pickles, grains, etc.
- Enjoying warmth of sunlight in winters and cool breeze in summers.
NCERT Page No. 124
(a) At what height is the place where you live?
(b) Why did Gaurav Jani say – “This place is so high that it is difficult to breathe normally?”
(c) Have you ever been to a hilly place? Where?
(d) At what height was it? Did you have any difficulty in breathing there?
(e) Which is the highest place you have been to?
(a) The place where I live is situated at about 200 metres above the sea level.
(b) Because at high altitudes the amount of oxygen is less due to which it becomes difficult to breathe properly.
(c) Yes, I have been to a hilly place. It was in Shimla.
(d) It was at a height of about 2200 metres. Yes, I found a little difficulty in breathing there.
(e) Shimla is the highest place I have been to.
NCERT Page No.126
(a) For the Changpas their animals are a very important part of their life. Is any animal part of your life? For example; as a pet, or as helpers in farming.
(b) List five ways in which different animals are a part of your life.
(c) Do goat and sheep need their own fur and wool? Discuss.
(a) Yes, we have a pet dog which is an important part of our life.
(b) Five ways in which animals are a part of our life are as follows:
(i) Animals like dogs protect our house from thieves and strangers.
(ii) We get milk from cows and buffaloes.
(iii) We obtain wool from sheep.
(iv) People also use some animals like horse, ass to carry loads.
(v) Farmers plough their fields with help of oxen.
(c) Goat and sheep which live in cold regions need their own fur and wool to keep their body warm.
NCERT Page No. 127
You read that in Changthang the temperature drops below 0°C. Look at newspapers on the TV to find cities in India or abroad where the temperature drops below 0°C. In which months do you expect to see this?
Some cities in india where the temperature drops below 0°C are: Shimla, Leh, Ladakh, etc.
Cities in abroad where the temperature drops below 0°C are: Winnipeg (Canada), Ottawa (Canada), Minnesota (United States), etc.
NCERT Page No. 129
The houses in different parts of Jammu and Kashmir are made to suit the climate and the needs of the people there.
(a) Are there different types of houses in the place where you live? If yes, think about the reasons.
(b) Think of your own house. Is there something special in it – like a sloping roof as it rains a lot, or a courtyard where you can sleep when it is hot or where things are kept in the sun (for drying, etc.)? Make a drawing.
(c) What are the materials used for making your house? Is it mud, brick, stone, wood or cement?
(a) Yes, there are many different types of houses made in the place where I live. Some are small and some are very large. People have made their houses according to their budget and availability of space.
(b) Yes, we have large spaced balconies in my house where we sit in winters to enjoy the Sun’s heat. In evening of summers, we sit there to enjoy cold breeze.
(c) Cement, bricks, stone, iron, wood, etc., are used for making my house.
NCERT Page No. 130
Discuss and Write
Can you guess the similarities and differences in the life of Bakarwal people and the life of the Changpas?
Similarities in the life of Bakarwal people and Changpas:
- Both of them live at higher altitudes.
- Both of them rear goats and sheep.
- Both of them keep moving from one place to another in different seasons.
Differences in the life of Bakarwal people and Changpas:
They move to higher altitudes in summers to graze their animals.
They move to higher altitudes in winters to graze their animals.
Their houses are made of stones and mud.
They live in tents made of skin of goats and sheep.
What we have learnt
You read about different kinds of shelters in Jammu and Kashmir – some on high mountains, some on water, some with beautiful designs in wood and stone, and some mobile shelters that can even be packed and carried to another place.
(a) Describe how these shelters suit the needs of the people who live there.
(b) How are these different from the house you live in?
(a) People make different types of shelters to meet their needs like escaping the cold weather, wandering from one place to another, moving through water, etc.
(b) We live in a pucca house made of cement, bricks, iron, wood, etc., which cannot move from one place to another. It is best for moderate temperature conditions.
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