NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 1: Going to School
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NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS
Chapter 1- Going to School
NCERT Page No. 1
1. Collect some bricks. Lay them on the ground in a line as shown in the picture. Try walking on them. Was it easy?
Yes, it was easy to walk on them.
2. Make a small bridge by tying 4 or 5 bamboo poles together. Ask your teacher to help you. Now walk on your bridge.
(a) How did you feel?
(b) Did you fall down?
(c) Do you think it would be easier to walk on this bridge barefoot or with shoes or slippers? Why?
(a) I was scared as it was quite difficult to walk on this bridge.
(b) No, I did not fall down. I managed to walk forward.
(c) Yes, because the grip is stronger with bare foot then with slippers or shoes.
NCERT Page No. 2
Let us do
1. Observe pictures 1 and 2. In the pictures, children are pulling the buckets from the well. Can you tell the difference in both the pictures? Which would be easier – using the pulley or not using it to lift things?
In picture 1, the child is pulling out the bucket with his hands. In picture 2, he is using a pulley to take out the bucket. It is easier to pull the bucket using a pulley.makes it easier to lift things.
2. Look around you – where all do you see the use of pulleys? List them.
We can see pulleys being used
- to collect water from wells
- to lift heavy things
- to hoist flags
NCERT Page No. 3
We often need to goacross some waterbodies, so we usebridges. These aremade of cement,bricks and iron rods.The bridge may alsohave steps
(a) How is this bridge different from a bamboo bridge?
(b)How many people do you think can cross the bridge at one time?
(c) If you had a chance, which bridge would you like to use? Why?
(d) Do you have to cross any bridge on the way to your school? If yes, what is the bridge like?
(e) Find out from your grandparents, what kinds of bridges were there when they were young.
(a) This bridge is different from a bamboo bridge in the following way:
- It is made ofcement, bricks and iron rods. On the other hand, a bamboo bridge is made of bamboo sticks and ropes.
- The cement bridge is much stronger than the bamboo bridge.
- The cement bridge can bear the weight of heavy vehicles like trucks, buses, etc. whereas a bamboo bridge cannot bear heavy weight.
(b) Many people can cross the bridge at one time.
(c) I would like to use the cement bridge because it is stronger and safer than the bamboo bridge.
(d) Yes, I have to cross a cement bridge on the way to my school.
(e) At that time, there were only bamboo bridges and wooden bridges.
NCERT Page No. 4
Is there any bridge near your house? Find out more about the bridge.
(a) Where is the bridge – over water, over a road, between two mountains or somewhere else?
(b) Who all use the bridge? Is it used by people on foot and also by vehicles and animals?
(c) Does the bridge seem to be old or is it new?
(d) Find out what materials are used in making this bridge. List some of them.
(e) Draw a picture of the bridge in your notebook. Do not forget to draw the train, vehicles, animals or people who cross the bridge.
(f) Imagine what difficulties there would be, if the bridge was not there?
Yes, there is a bridge near my house.
(a) The bridge is over water.
(b) This bridge is used by all types of vehicles to cross the river. People on foot and animal also use this bridge.
(c) It is not very old.
(d) This bridge is made of cement, bricks and iron rods.
(e) Students are suggested to use their own observation to answer this question.
(f) If there was no bridge over the river, it would be very difficult to cross the river. People would have to use boats to cross the river which would have consumed a lot of time.
NCERT Page No. 4-5
In some parts of Kerala, we use a vallam(small wooden boat) to reach school.
(a) Have you seen any other kind of boats?
(b) Can you think of other ways by which we can travel on water?
(c) Have you ever sat in a camel-cart or horse carriage (tonga)? Where? Did you climb on it yourself, or did someone help you?
(d) How did you feel riding in the cart? Also share your experience in the class.
(a) Yes, I have seen other kinds of boats. I have seen paddle boat and motor boat.
(b) Yes, we can use ship, steamer, raft, etc. to travel on water.
(c) Yes, I sat on a horse carriage in my grandfather’s village. The tongawalahelped me to climb on it.
(d) Though the cart shakes a lot while moving, I enjoyed the ride very much.
NCERT Page No. 6
(a) Do you have bullock-carts where you live?
(b) Does it have a roof?
(c) What kind of wheels do they have?
(d) Make a drawing of the cart in your notebook.
(a) No, there are no bullock carts in my area.
(b) Some of the bullock carts have roofs but mostly they are without roofs.
(c) They have wheels made of wooden with iron rims.
(d) A cart can be drawn as shown below:
(a)Can you ride a bicycle? If yes, who taught you to ride?
(b) How many children come on bicycles to your school?
(a) Yes, I can ride a bicycle. My father taught me to ride.
(b) About 40-50 children of my school come on bicycles.
NCERT Page No. 7
Jugad - What a Vehicle!
(a) Do you have such vehicles in your area?
(b) What do you call them in your area?
(c) Would you like to ride in something like this? Why?
(d) Can you tell why it is called jugad?
(a) Yes we have such vehicles but they have been modified to give better look and performance.
(b) We call them electronic-rickshaw.
(c) Yes, it will be a great fun to ride such vehicle.
(d) Jugad is something that is made by using limited resources with minimal expanses in an innovative way. This vehicle is also made by putting together various available parts to serve as a passenger carrier.
NCERT Page No. 8
Children cross the Jungle
(a) Have you ever been in a thick jungle or any such place?
(b) Write your experiences in your notebook.
(c) Can you recognise some birds by their sounds? Can you imitate the sounds of some birds? Do it.
(b) Yes, I have been in a thick jungle when I visited a National Park for a school trip.
(c) The jungle was quite dense. There were large trees all around. There were continuous sounds of different animals and birds.
(d) Yes, I can recognise some birds like crow, sparrow, peacock, hen, pigeon, etc., by their sounds. I can imitate the sounds of a crow anda hen.
Note: This answer is just for reference. Students are suggested to write their own answer based on their abilities and experiences.
Moving on the Snow
(a) Have you ever seen so much snow? Where? In films or somewhere else?
(b) Do you think that such places have snow all the time? Why?
(a) Yes, I have seen so much snow in films.
(b) No, such places do not have snow all the time. It happens only in winter season. However, in the summer season, snow melts due to high temperature.
(a) Do you face difficulties on the way to your school?
(b) Which is the best month, in which you like to go school? Why?
(a) No, I do not face any difficulty on the way to my school.
(b) I love going to school in the month of October as it is neither too cold nor too hot in thismonth. because of the cold weather. The school timings are comfortable in this month. Various celebrations
NCERT Page No. 9
See Me Walk
Go to a ground or an open space with your friends. Act the way you will walk in these situations.
(a) The ground is made of soft and smooth rose petals.
(b) The ground is covered with thorns and there is tall grass on the side.
(c) The ground is covered with snow.
Was there a difference in the way you walked each time?
Yes, there was a difference in the way I walked each time.
(а) On the ground made soft and smooth rose petals, I felt very nice and smooth as if I was walking on a soft carpet.
(b) It was very difficult to walk on the ground covered with thorns and tall on the side. I had to be very careful. It was very painful.
(c) On the ground covered with snow, I walked very slowly with small steps as snow is slippery.
NCERT Page No. 10
Talk and share about it
(a) Do you also have punishment in your school? What kind?
(b) Do you think that punishment should be there in schools?
(c) If you come across any such incident, whom will you inform?
(d) How will you make a complaint?
(e) Is punishment the only solution to misdeeds? Make some rules for school to prevent misdeeds.
(f) Draw a picture of your ‘dream school’ in your notebook and write about it.
(a) Yes, we have punishment in our school in case of not completing homework or preparing a lesson. In such case, a student has to keep standing with his hands up or face towards the wall.
(b) No, there should not be any kind of punishment in schools.
(c) I will inform my parents.
(d) I will discuss it with my parents who will talk to my teacher or the school principal.
(c) No, punishment is not the only solution to misdeeds. Schools may adopt following rules to prevent misdeeds:
- Students with good behaviour should be lauded in the assembly to present an example for other students.
- There should be kept some marks in examinations for students’ right attitude and conduct.
(d) My dream school would be the one with a nice building and big classrooms. It would have big play grounds with a lot of trees and plants all around the building. There would be no punishment. Students would be encouraged to take part in different sports.
Drawing of my dream school is shown below:
Note: This answer is just for reference. Students are suggested to write their own answer based on their preferences and observations.
Students may also download the NCERT solutions for Class 4 EVS chapter 1 in PDF format so that he/she may access these solutions in offline mode. Link to download the solutions is given below:
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