NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes include precise and thorough answers to all the exercise questions. Students must refer to these NCERT Solutions by Jagran Josh to get a better learning experience and excel in their exams. You will get here solutions to all questions given at the end of chapter 2 of the latest NCERT Book for Class 6 Geography. All these NCERT Solutions are available here in an easily downloadable format.
Check below the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 - Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes:
1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What is the true shape of the earth?
The earth is not a perfect sphere. It is slightly flattened at the North and the South Poles and bulge in the middle.
(b) What is a globe?
A globe is a miniature model of the Earth.
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
The latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer is 23½° N.
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
The three heat zones of the Earth are:
(i) Torrid Zone
(ii) Temperate Zone
(iii) Frigid Zone
(e) What are the parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
Parallels of Latitude: These are all the imaginary parallel circles from the equator to the poles.
Meridian of Longitude: These are the imaginary semi-circle lines running from the North Pole to the South Pole.
(f) Why does the torrid zone receive a maximum amount of heat?
The torrid zone lies between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. The sun is exactly over the head once a year, on all the latitudes between these two tropics. The sun rays falling exactly overhead gives out more heat than slanting sun rays. Therefore, the torrid zone receives the maximum amount of heat.
(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?
London is situated at 0° longitude whereas the Indian Standard Meridian is located 82½° east of the Prime Meridian. Thus, between the longitude of London and the Standard Meridian of India, there is a difference of 82½°. Since, each degree of longitudes corresponds to a difference of four minutes, i.e., 1° count for 4 minutes, therefore the Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT followed in London. So, it will be 5:30 p.m. in India, when it is 12:00 noon in London.
2. Tick the correct answers.
(a) The value of the prime meridian is
Answer: (ii) 0°
(b) The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles
(ii) the Equator
(iii) the Tropic of Cancer
Answer: (i) the Poles
(c) The total number of longitudes are
Answer: (ii) 180
(d) The Antarctic Circle is located in
(i) the Northern hemisphere
(ii) the Southern hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern hemisphere
Answer: (ii) the Southern hemisphere
(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitude
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole
Answer: (i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitude
3. Fill in the blanks.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at ___________.
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is ___________.
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as ___________.
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards___________.
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the __________ hemisphere.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23½° south of the Equator.
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is 82½° E.
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian.
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards the poles.
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the northern hemisphere.
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