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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 - Industries

Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 Industries NCERT questions and answers are provided here. Download the best explained NCERT Solutions in PDF here.

Jun 19, 2020 15:01 IST
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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Industries
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Industries

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 5 Industries bring you the accurate and simple answers that will help you in easy and active learning of the concepts. We have provided answers to all the questions given in the exercises of chapter 5 of the latest NCERT Class 8 Geography Textbook. You can read the NCERT Solutions here or download all the questions and answers in PDF format to use as and when required.

Check below NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 - Industries:

Exercises

1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What is meant by the term ‘industry’?

Answer: 

Industry refers to an economic activity involving production of goods like iron and steel industry, extraction of minerals like coal mining industry and the provision of services like tourism industry.

(ii) Which are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

Answer: 

Several factors which influence the location of an industry include:

  • Availability of raw material
  • Availability of land
  • Supply of water
  • Availability of labour
  • Access to power
  • Transport facilities
  • Provision of capital
  • Presence of market

(iii) Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?

Answer: 

The iron and steel industry is called the backbone of the modern industry. This is because almost everything we use is either made of iron or steel or has been made with tools and machinery of these metals. This industry is basically the feeder industry, whose products are the raw materials for other industries.

(iv) Why has the cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai?

Answer: 

The cotton textile industry rapidly expanded in Mumbai due to the following favourable factors:

  • Warm and moist climate
  • Availability of the port for importing of machinery
  • Availability of raw material
  • Availability of skilled labour

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Fort Gloster is located in

(a) West Bengal

(b) California

(c) Gujarat

Answer: (b) California

(ii) Which one of the following is a natural fiber?

(a) nylon

(b) jute

(c) acrylic

Answer: (b) Jute

Also check other NCERT articles for Class 8:

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths

NCERT Textbook for Class 8 Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

3. Distinguish between the following.

(i) Agro-based and mineral-based industry

Answer: 

Agro-based Industries

Mineral-based Industries

1. These industries use plant and animal-based products as raw material.

1. These industries use minerals ores as raw material.

2. These industries provide employment mainly to people in rural areas.

2. These industries provide employment to people of rural as well as urban areas.

3. Examples include food processing, cotton textile industry, dairy products, etc.

3. Examples include iron and steel industry.

(ii) Public sector and joint sector industry

Answer: 

Public sector Industries

Joint sector Industries

1. Industries owned and operated by the government are called public sector industries.

1. industries are owned and operated by the state and individuals or a group of individuals are called joint sector industries.

2. Examples include Steel Authority of India Limited and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.

2. Examples include Maruti Udyog Limited.

4. Give two examples of the following in the space provided :

(i) Raw Materials: _____________ and _____________

(ii) End products: _____________ and _____________

(iii) Tertiary Activities: _____________ and _____________

(iv) Agro-based Industries: ____________ and ____________

(v) Cottage Industries: _____________ and _____________

(vi) Co-operatives: _____________ and _____________

Answer: 

(i) Steel and Cotton

(ii) Shirt and Car

(iii) Transport and Banking

(iv) Dairy and Leather industry

(v) Pottery and Basket weaving

(vi) Anand Milk Union Limited (Amul) and Mother Dairy

Download all the questions and answers from the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 5 - Industries

To get NCERT Solutions for all Chapters of Class 8 Social Science, go to the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History, Geography, Civics

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