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Reading Comprehension Quiz for Bank exams ‘Pope Christmas message offers hope in world'

Jan 12, 2017 18:16 IST

    It has been observed in the recent times that reading comprehension section is one of the trickiest parts in bank examination. To help you conquer this fear, we are bringing you passages taken from leading newspapers as The Hindu, The Economic Times, The Business Standard, The Business Line, The Times of India, The Indian Express etc. Here we are providing a passage from the ‘Times of India’ (dated December 25th, 2016) and question based on thatYou are advised to solve below quiz and strengthen your preparation for upcoming bank exams. Good luck!

    Article: Pope Christmas message offers hope in world hit by terrorism, war

    Pope Francison Sunday offered a Christmashope for peace in a world lacerated by war and terrorism, urging people to remember migrants, refugees and those hit by economic instability caused by "idolatry of money".

    Francis, marking the fourth Christmas season since his election in 2013, also urged Palestinians and Israelis, facing renewed tension after a U.N. resolution condemning Israeli settlements on occupied land, to have the courage to put aside hate and revenge and "write a new page of history".

    His traditional "Urbi et Orbi" (to the city and the world) message was linked by a common thread of war, violence and suffering at a time that should be defined by harmony and peace symbolised by the infant Jesus.

    "Peace to those who have lost a person dear to them as a result of brutal acts of terrorism, which have sown fear and death into the hearts of so many countries and cities," he told some 40,000 people gathered in St. Peter's Square.

    Security was heightened for the Christmas weekend in Italy and at the Vatican after Italian police killed the man believed to be responsible for the Berlin market truck attack while other European cities kept forces on high alert.

    "Today this message (of peace) goes out to the ends of the earth to reach all peoples, especially those scarred by war and harsh conflicts that seem stronger than the yearning for peace," he said, speaking in Italian from the central balcony of St. Peter's Basilica.

    He called for peace in Syria, urging immediate assistance to the exhausted population of the city of Aleppo, which Syrian government forces recaptured last week after four years of devastating fighting with rebels.

    "It is time for weapons to be still forever (in Syria), and the international community to actively seek a negotiated solution, so that civil co-existence can be restored in the country," he said.

    Francis, the first Latin American pope, also said Christmas should inspire everyone to help the less fortunate, including migrants, refugees and those swept up by social and economic upheavals.

    "Peace to the peoples who suffer because of the economic ambitions of the few, because of the sheer greed and the idolatry of money, which leads to slavery," he said.

    At his Christmas eve Mass on Saturday, Francis said the feast had been "taken hostage" by dazzling materialism that puts God in the shadows.

    On Sunday, he also called for an end to "fundamentalist terrorism" in Nigeria, a reference to Boko Haram, which has killed 15,000 people and displaced more than two million during a seven-year insurgency to create an Islamic state.

    Francis further appealed for an end to tensions between the government and opposition in Venezuela, for harmony in Colombia, which recently ended a civil war with FARC guerrillas, and an end to strife on the Korean peninsula and in Myanmar.

    1. What, according to the author, is the true message imparted by Pope in histraditional message "Urbi et Orbi" (to the city and the world)?

    1. He talked about climate change and global warming.
    2. He talked about disarmament of weapons of mass destruction and biological weapons.
    3. He talked about human rights violations.
    4. He talked about war, violence and sufferinghit by terrorism.
    5. Other than those given in the options.

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: According to the passage, the prime message imparted by Pope (in his traditional message) was all about war, violence and suffering are hit by terrorism. His message offered a ray of hope on the eve of Christmas. He urged people to remember and pray for all those who lost their life in the battle against terrorism. So, this makes option (4) the right choice among the given options.

    2. Why do you that security was heightened for the Christmas weekend in Italy?

    1. Due to Bastille Day truck attack.
    2. Due to Berlin market truck attack.
    3. Due to the fear of violence in a crowded Christmas market.
    4. Christmas markets are specific targets for Jihadists.
    5. Other than those given in the options.

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: According to the passage, the security was heightened for the Christmas weekend in Italy and at the Vatican after Italian police killed the man, who believed to be responsible for the Berlin market truck attack while other European cities kept forces on high alert. So, this makes option (2) the right choice among the given options.

    3. How, according to the author of the passage, Palestinians and Israelis can write a new page in the history?

    1. By putting aside hate and revenge.
    2. By staying alerted and reporting suspicious activities.
    3. By refusing to negotiate with terrorists.
    4. By adopting zero tolerance and aggressive policies.
    5. Other than those given in the options.

    Solution: Option (1)

    Explanation: Though all the above solutions can help in combating terrorism and writing a fresh page in the history. But, the Pope in his message particularly urged Palestinians and Israelis, who were facing renewed tension after a U.N. resolution and condemning Israeli settlements on occupied land, to have the courage to put aside hate and revenge and "write a new page of history".So, this makes option (1) an apt choice among the given options.

    4. What, according to the passage, is the real motivationbehindthe four-year civil war in Syria?

    1. Gaining full control over the largest city of Aleppo.
    2. Sheer greed and the idolatry of money.
    3. Establishing the areas of territorial control inside Syria.
    4. Home-coming of the refugees who were fled across the border of Turkey and Europe.
    5. Other than those given in the options.

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: According to the passage, Syria has been a battle ground and the Pope in his message condemned the killing and prayed for peace for all the migrants, refugees and the ones who lost their life in this battle.  He particularly quoted "Peace to the peoples who suffer because of the economic ambitions of the few, because of the sheer greed and the idolatry of money, which leads to slavery,”.

    So, this makes option (2) an apt choice among the given options.

    5. According to the passage, why people of Syria need immediate assistance?

    1. Half of the country’s pre-war population has been killed or forced to flee their homes.
    2. Bombings are destroying cities and horrific human right violations are widespread.
    3. An increased number of Syrian refugees are fleeing across the border of Turkey and Europe, and creating new cultural tensions.
    4. The war-torn population of the city of Aleppois suffering a lot since Syrian government forces recaptured last week after four years of devastating fight with rebels.
    5. Other than those given in the options

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: Although all the points mentioned above are some of the glaring problems faced by the people of Syria. But, according to the passage, the Pope was concerned over the exhausted population of Aleppo who was suffering a lot.It has been a battle ground of Syrian government forces, who recaptured last week after four years of devastating fight with rebels.So, this makes option (4) an apt choice among the given options.

    6. Who was Pope referring to, when he called for an end to "fundamentalist terrorism"?

    1. Al Qaeda
    2. ISIS
    3. Haqqani Network
    4. Boko Haram
    5. Other than those given in the options

    Solution: Option (4)

    Explanation: According to the passage,he was pointing out towards Boko Haram’s violence in the form of killing of more than 15, 000 people in Nigeria. So, this makes option (4) the right choice among the given options.

    7. Which among the following is similar in meaning to the word ‘lacerated’ as used in the passage?

    1. Harm
    2. Heal
    3. Smite
    4. Harass
    5. Other than those given in above options

    Solution: Option (1)

    Explanation: Among the given options, ‘harm’ is the right choice since the given word implies that the whole world is torn by war and terrorism along with growing economic instability. Citizens across the world are fighting an unsaid war every day and are paying the price in the form of their lives. 

    8. Which among the following is similar in meaning to the word ‘idolatry’ as used in the passage?

    1. Admiration
    2. Worship
    3. Veneration
    4. Enchantment
    5. Other than those given in the options

    Solution: Option (2)

    Explanation: Among the given options, ‘Worship’ is the right choice since the given word means that people in today’s world worship money and are ready to do anything to gain more and more wealth. It has also caused economic instability in the world. People are fighting for money but with the money. Terrorist organizations get a stream of donations from supporters in countries around the world.

    9. Which among the following is opposite in meaning to the word ‘yearning’ as used in the passage?

    1. Fascination
    2. Enthusiasm
    3. Indifference
    4. Devotion
    5. Other than those given in the options

    Solution: Option (3)

    Explanation: Among the given options, ‘Indifference’ is the right choice. Pope in his traditional message exclaims that he desires peace and stability in the world. The brutal attacks on countries and cities have resulted in the loss of their near ones. It should be stopped at any cost.

    10. Which among the following is opposite in meaning to the word ‘insurgency’as used in the passage?

    1. Turmoil
    2. Back talk
    3. Peace
    4. Revolt
    5. Other than those given in the options

    Solution: Option (3)

    Explanation: Among the given options, ‘Peace’ is the right choice. In the passage, Pope also urged for an end to “fundamental terrorism” in Nigeria. He was pointing out towards Boko Haram’s violence in the form of killing of more than 15,000 people and committing cruel and inhuman treatment towards girls and its prisoners.

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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