Be it banking or any other competitive exams, English plays an important role. Vocabulary, comprehension, and grammar are three integral portions which need to be covered in order to do well in the English section. Therefore, you should be able to understand the meanings of different words and their usage in different contexts. To increase your vocabulary skills, read English newspapers daily and watch English episodes and try to use the words in your day-to-day life.
Article: ‘Trump suspends US refugee program, not to allow entry from seven countries’
President Donald Trump on Friday put a four-month hold on allowing refugees into the United States and temporarily barred visitors from Syria and six other Muslim-majority countries, saying the moves would help protect Americans from terrorist attacks.
The order limiting entry on visitors from Syria and six other Muslim-majority countries is for 90 days. The six other countries are: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen, the White House said. “I'm establishing new vetting measures to keep radical Islamic terrorists out of the United States of America. Don't want them here,” Trump said earlier on Friday at the Pentagon.
“We only want to admit those into our country who will support our country and love deeply our people,” he said.
Civil rights groups condemned the measures as discriminatory, and said they would strand refugees in dangerous places and would tarnish the reputation of the United States as a land welcoming of immigrants.
The details of the order - which had been rumoured for days -were not available until Friday evening, leaving people affected scrambling to figure out what it meant.
The impact was immediate, causing “chaos” for Arab-Americans who had family members already en route for a visit, said Abed A. Ayoub, legal and policy director for the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee.
Ayoub said the order could affect travelling green cardholders, students, people coming to the United States for medical care and others.
The order is already affecting refugees and their families,said Jen Smyers of the Church World Service, a Protestant faith-based group that works with migrants. Smyers said she spoke to an Iraqi mother whose twin daughters remain in Iraq due to processing delays. “Those two18-year-old daughters won't be able to join their mother in the US,” she said.
Trump had promised the measures - called “extreme vetting” - during last year's election campaign, saying they would prevent militants from entering the United States from abroad.
The rise of Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, which fuelled a flood of migrants into Europe, combined with a series of attacks in France and Belgium heightened concerns in the United States about taking in refugees from Syria.
Trump's order suspends the Syrian refugee program until further notice, and will eventually give priority to minority religious groups fleeingpersecution. Trump said in an interview with a Christian news outlet the exception would help Syrian Christians fleeing the civil war there.
Stephen Legomsky, a former chief counsel at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Obama administration, said prioritising Christians could be unconstitutional. “If they are thinking about an exception for Christians, in almost any other legal context discriminating in favour of one religion and against another religion could violate the constitution,” he said.
But Peter Spiro, a professor at Temple University Beasley School of Law, said Trump's action would likely be constitutional because the president and Congress are allowed considerable deference when it comes to asylum decisions. “It's a completely plausible prioritisation, to the extent this group is actually being persecuted,” Spiro said.
Trump's order had been expected to include a directive about setting up “safe zones” for Syrian refugees inside the country,but no such language was included. “President Trump has cloaked what is a discriminatory ban against nationals of Muslim countries under the banner of national security,” said Greg Chen of the American Immigration Lawyers Association.
1. Refugees (noun) (शरणागत): is a person who has been forced to leave their country for political, religious, economic, or because of war.
Synonym: Emigrant, fugitive, expatriate, foreigner
Antonym: Citizen, native, national, resident
Sentence: A refugee suffers a lot due to socio-political disturbances in the country.
2. Vetting (verb) (जाँचना): is to make a careful and critical examination of something.
Synonym: Audit, inspect, scrutinize, ponder
Antonym: Approve, ignore, praise, overlook
Sentence: The only reason why the process of vetting takes place in case of new hires is that they might have bluffed their credentials.
3. Barred (adjective) (बाधित): refers to something which is covered by a bar or set of bars.
Synonym: Barricade, blockade, caulk, clog
Antonym: Free, open, release, unblock
Sentence: The employees are barred to speak about their salaries amongst their colleagues.
4. Strand (verb) (रेशा): is a thin thread.
Synonym: Fiber, filament, rope, string
Antonym: Hunk, nerd, dab, crumb
Sentence: A strand of her hair had fallen across her face which makes her irritated.
5. Tarnish (verb) (मैला करना): refers to the state when it becomes dull and not shiny.
Synonym: Damage, defame, muddy, smear
Antonym: Assist, benefit, heal, mend
Sentence: Don’t tarnish the name of your parents with your wrongdoings.
6. Scrambling (noun) (संघर्ष करना): is to move or climb quickly but with difficulty.
Synonym: Contend, climb, crawl, jostle
Antonym: Retreat, stay, stop, rest
Sentence: With great difficulty, the entire crew was scrambling up the ladder.
7. Fleeing (verb) (फरार होना): is to run away from a place or situation of danger.
Synonym: Leave, retreat, take off, vanish
Antonym: Arrive, come, continue, face
Sentence: Fleeing with your responsibilities is not a sign of a matured person.
8. Persecution (noun) (उत्पीड़न): refers to an unfair or cruel treatment over a long period of time.
Synonym: Affliction, expulsion, maltreatment, oppression
Antonym: Happiness, joy, stimulation, succor
Sentence: Persecution again followed the Syrians and some of them decided to banish from the city.
9. Cloaked (verb) (आच्छादित): refers to a loose outer piece of clothing without a sleeve. It is worn to conceal someone’s identity.
Synonym: Veiled, disguised, occult, mystic
Antonym: Bare, apparent, blatant, bleak
Sentence: The tales of Robin Hood is all about a cloaked horseman who strives to work towards the poor and oppressed people.
10.Asylum (noun) (पागलखाना): is an institution for the care of people who are mentally ill. It also refers to the protection granted by the government to the people who left their home country as political refugees.
Synonym: Refuge, sanctuary, sanatorium, loony bin
Antonym: Hazard, prosecution, evolve, jeopardy
Sentence: With the advent of war and other terrorist attacks, people are forced to find asylum under someone else’s roof.
Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed
1. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘radical’(स्वाभाविक)
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: The given word refers to something which arises from or going to root or source. From theabove-given options, option (3) is a right choice as the synonym of the word.
2. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘condemned’(दोषित)
Solution: Option (1)
Explanation: The given word means to criticize something or someone very strongly.Hence, from the given options, option (1) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word.
3. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘discriminatory’(पक्षपाती)
Solution: Option (2)
Explanation: The given word refers to treat someone or a particular group of people differently. So, from the given options, option (2) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.
4. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘fuelled’ (भड़काना)
Solution: Option (4)
Explanation: The given word refers to supply or power with a fuel, which causes to burn more intensely. So, from the given options, option (4) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.
5. Find out the words which mean the same as ‘rumoured’ (अफवाह)
Solution: Option (3)
Explanation: The given word refers toa fact or a piece of news that might be true or invented.Hence, from all the above options, option (3) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.
Word of the Day
Meaning (English) – is something which is outstandingly bad or shocking.
Meaning (Hindi) –अत्यंत बुरा/ बेहद खराब
Synonyms – Atrocious, heinous
Antonyms – Mild, hidden
Example – His egregious attitude is detested by everyone in the family.
उदाहरण – उनका बेहद खराब रवैया परिवार में हर किसी के द्वारा घृणास्पद है।