SBI PO Exam 2017: Vocab Quiz ‘Donald Trump defiant as new Russia ties emerge’

To help you familiar with the new words and phrases, below is an article related to the latest happening and is taken from a leading newspaper ‘The Times of India’ (dated March 4th, 2017). The difficult words are highlighted in bold along with their synonyms, antonyms, and how they are used in the form of a sentence. All the best!

Created On: Mar 10, 2017 12:49 IST

Learning new words is quite useful to improve our lives. It is not necessary to have fancy words and complicated words in your kitty but what is more important is how well you are able to express yourself. A good vocabulary will definitely help you to communicate in a better or simpler way as compared to people who has access to limited vocabulary. With each new word, a new avenue of opportunities knocks the door.

Article: Donald Trump defiant as new Russia ties emerge

An avalanche of new revelations about ties between Donald Trump's aides and Russia forced the White House back on the offensive Friday, overshadowing a presidential weekend trip to Florida and his well-received major speech. 

Before arriving at his Mar-a-Lago resort for the fourth time in five weeks, Trump accused his political foes of conducting "a total witch hunt" into links with Moscow, which he denies. 

The angry accusation came as Attorney General Jeff Sessions — a close Trump confidant and the US government's top law enforcement official — was forced to recuse himself from any Russia-related inquiries. 

After Sessions told senators under oath that "I didn't have — did not have communications with the Russians," journalists uncovered he had actually met the Russian ambassador twice in the months before taking office. 

The meetings have raised red flags for Democrats, who have called for Sessions to resign and be investigated for perjury

Trump said he had "total" confidence in Sessions, who "could have stated his response more accurately" but "did not say anything wrong." 

Trump lashed out at leading Senate Democrat Chuck Schumer.

Trump tweeted an old picture of the senator with Russian President Vladimir Putin along with the caption: "We should start an immediate investigation into @SenSchumer and his ties to Russia and Putin. A total hypocrite!" 

He later demanded a "second investigation" into House Democrat Nancy Pelosi.

Since US intelligence took the unprecedented step of publicly accusing Russia of trying to swing the November election in Trump's favor, questions have swirled about whether some in Trump's campaign colluded with Moscow. 

Trump has repeatedly denied any personal ties to the Kremlin, and his aides have variously denied or played down contacts with Russian officials.

US media reported that advisors JD Gordon and Carter Page met Kislyak and, separately, that Flynn and Trump's son-in-law and senior White House aide Jared Kushner met Kislyak at Trump Tower in New York last December. 

Sessions' own meetings with the envoy took place much earlier, in July and September, just as accusations of Russian interference in the election were mounting, according to The Washington Post. 

According to officials, US intelligence agencies and the Federal Bureau of Investigation continue to investigate just how and how much Moscow intruded into US politics.

Four congressional committees have opened probes into the issue, although Democrats fear Republicans will seek to bury their investigations to protect Trump's young administration. 

Trump's White House has lobbied the FBI, reportedly the CIA and two Republicans who head committees leading investigations into Russia's election meddling to knock down media reports on the alleged links. 

The latest furor has come at a terrible time for Trump's White House.

Earlier this week, Trump delivered his maiden address to Congress, a speech that was well received and offered an opportunity to turn the page on 40 tumultuous days in office.

His address was widely praised — he adopted a more measured tone, which rounded the sharper edges of his nationalist rhetoric

Trump could have expected a bounce in the polls.

His approval rating currently stands at 43 percent, according to Gallup — a historic low for a modern president this early in his term. 

Apart from dealing with allegations about Russia ties, much of the last month has been spent dealing with a contentious travel ban on citizens from seven majority Muslim countries. 

Trump's first order was knocked down by the courts and a second order has been repeatedly delayed. 

The latest expected deadline — Wednesday — came and went.

"When the president has made a decision about something that he's ready for us to announce, we'll announce it, but we're not there yet," spokesman Sean Spicer said Thursday.

1.     Avalanche (noun/verb) (हिमस्खलन): Avalanche refers to a large amount of ice, snow, and rock falling rapidly down a mountainside.

Synonym: Barrage, deluge, landslide, torrent

Antonym: None.

Sentence: The avalanche at the Everest base camp took life of many mountaineers. 

2.     Revelations (noun) ( खुलासे / पर्दाफ़ाश): Revelation is an act of making something known that was secret or a fact that is made known.

Synonym: Disclosure, epiphany, adumbration, announcement

Antonym: Concealment, hiding, quite, secret

Sentence: The journalist tried hard to know about the revelations about the celebrity’s personal life.

 3.     Oath (noun) (शपथ): An oath is a promise, especially that you will tell the truth in a court of law. 

Synonym: Promise, affidavit, deposition, pledge 

Antonym: Break, silence, kindness, pleasantry

Sentence: Doctors solemnly take oath to save the life of their patients. 

4.     Perjury (noun) (झूठी गवाही): Perjury refers to the crime of telling lies in court when you have promised to tell the truth.

Synonym: Deception, falsehood, falsification, dishonesty

Antonym: Frankness, openness, honesty, truth

Sentence: The defense lawyer cried foul at the court that two witness at the trial had committed perjury. 

5.     Hypocrite (noun) (कपटी): Hypocrite is a person who pretends to have virtues, moral or religious beliefs, principles, etc. 

Synonym: Bigot, crook, imposter, phony 

Antonym: Honest, true, truthful

Sentence: No one believes in the hypocrites from the political parties. 

6.     Unprecedented (adjective) (अद्वितीय): Unprecedented is something which has never happened or existed in the past. 

Synonym: Bizarre, extraordinary, fantastic, miraculous 

Antonym: Common, customary, familiar, ordinary

Sentence: The unprecedented chaos at the JNU stunned everyone.

7.     Colluded (verb) (साँठ-गाँठ करना / जाल रचना): Colluded is to act together secretly or illegally in order to deceive or cheat someone. 

Synonym: Conspire, connive, intrigue, plot 

Antonym: Forget, neglect

Sentence: PM Modi accused Pakistan of colluding with terrorists. 

8.     Envoy (noun) (राजदूत): Envoy is someone who is sent as a representative from one government or organization to another. 

Synonym: Delegate, diplomat, emissary, representative 

Antonym: Receiver

Sentence: The UN special envoy to Syria presented the report on atrocities faced by its citizens.


9.     Tumultuous (adjective) (उत्तेजित  / अशांत): Tumultuous refers to something which is very loud or full of confusion, change or uncertainty. 

Synonym: Confused, boisterous, fierce, hectic 

Antonym: Calm, gentle, mild, moderate

Sentence: The concert of A.R. Rehman was attended by a tumultuous crowd. 

10.Rhetoric (noun) (वाक्पटुता): Rhetoric refers to the speech which is intended to be effective and influence people.

Synonym: Hyperbole, oratory, bombast, discourse 

Antonym: Quiet, conciseness

Sentence: Everyone at the audience was spellbound with therhetoric speech presented by the orator.  

Question (1-5): Answer the following as directed. 

1.       Find out the words which mean the same as ‘maiden’(प्रथम)
  1. Final
  2. Concluding
  3. Inaugural
  4. Latest
  5. Other than those given in options 

Solution: Option (3) 

Explanation: The given word refers to being or involving the first attempt or act of its kind. From theabove-given options, option (3) is a right choice as the synonym of the word. 

2.       Find out the words which mean the same as ‘furor(उत्तेजना)

  1. Calm
  2. Agitation
  3. Serene
  4. Harmony
  5. Other than those given in options 

Solution: Option (2) 

Explanation: The given word refers to an outbreak of public anger or excitement. Hence, from the given options, option (2) is the correct choice as the synonym of the word. 

3.       Find out the words which mean the same as ‘alleged(कथित)

  1. Certain
  2. Sure
  3. Definite
  4. Dubious
  5. Other than those given in options 

Solution: Option (4) 

Explanation:The given wordrefers tosomething which is said or thought by some people to be stated bad or illegal thing.So, from the given options, option (4) is an apt choice as the synonym of the word given in the options. 

4.       Find out the words which mean the same as ‘lobbied’ (प्रचार करना)

  1. Solicit
  2. Dissuade
  3. Suppress
  4. Discourage
  5. Other than those given in options 

Solution: Option (1) 

Explanation: The given word refers toseek to influence on an issue. So, from the given options, option (1) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options. 

5.       Find out the words which mean the same as ‘intruded(हस्तक्षेप करना)

  1. Erase
  2. Withdraw
  3. Encroach
  4. Subtract
  5. Other than those given in options 

Solution: Option (3) 

Explanation: The given word refers to go into a place or situation in which you are not wanted or not expected to be. Hence, from all the above options, option (3) is the right choice as the synonym of the word given in the options.


Word of the Day


Meaning (English) – is a person who is optimistic or positive,

in an apparently bad or difficult situation.

Meaning (Hindi) – आशावादी

Synonyms – Buoyant, cheerful

Antonyms – Depressed, gloomy

Example – The economists are sanguine about prospects for the global economy.

उदाहरण –विश्व की अर्थव्यवस्था से जुड़े संभावनाओं को लेकर अर्थशास्त्री पूरी तरह से आशावादी हैं.
SBI PO 2017: Section Wise Strategy (English Language) 

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