Q. Why does our skin and the whites of our eyes get paled when having jaundice?
Ans. The yellow colouring of the skin and whites of the eyes is caused by the excess of bilirubin, a dark yellow pigment. Bilirubin is produced as a byproduct of breakdown of dead red blood cells in the liver. Usually, the liver helps in the excretion of bilirubin along with old red blood cells. But, sometimes due to the impaired ability of the liver to get rid of the bilirubin, the pigments start building up in the skin causing the yellow discolouration of the skin.