16 States have ratified the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Bill, 2014. The information related to this was revealed by Union Ministry of Law and Justice on 28 December 2014.
The NJAC Bill, 2014 also called Constitution (121st Amendment) Bill 2014 seeks to replace the present collegiums system with National Judicial Appointments Commission to appoint the judges of higher judiciary.
Although the names of all the states which have ratified the bill were immediately not known, however, Goa, Rajasthan, Tripura and Gujarat had ratified the bill in October 2014. Also, UP assembly had ratified the bill with an amendment. The NJAC Bill was ratified by Telangana in December 2014.
Earlier in August 2014, the Rajya Sabha Secretariat had sent the bill to the states for ratification after Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha had cleared the bill.
About Constitution Amendment Bills
Article 368 of the Constitution of India requires that all the Constitutional Amendment Bill needs to be ratified by at least half the number of States in the country and it can be introduced in either House of Parliament and has to be passed by each House by special majority.
Once it is ratified half the number of States, then it will be sent to the President for his assent.
As per the article 368 of the constitution of India, Constitution Amendment Bills can be of three types like:
(i) Requiring simple majority for their passage in each House
(ii) Requiring special majority for their passage in each House i.e., a majority of the total membership of a House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting
(iii) Requiring special majority for their passage and ratification by Legislatures of not less than one-half of the States by resolutions to that effect passed by those Legislatures.
Who: 16 States
When: 28 December 2014