Indian Air Force conducts war exercise Gagan Shakti
• An all-encompassing war exercise named Gagan-shakti was launched by the Indian Air Force on April 8, 2018. The two-week exercise would conclude on April 22.
• The main aim of the exercise is real time coordination, deployment and employment of air power in a short and intense battle scenario.
• During the exercise, Indian Air Force will put into force its entire machinery to validate its concept of operations and war waging capability.
• The exercise is aimed at coordinating operations, maintenance and administrative responses to achieve the stated objectives of the Indian Air Force, in case of any contingency.
China launches remote sensing satellites
• The first group of China's Yaogan-31 remote sensing satellites was launched into space on April 10, 2018.
• The satellites were carried by a Long March-4C rocket, the 271st mission for the Long March rocket family.
• The mission also sent a micro nanotechnology experiment satellite into orbit.
• The satellites will be used for electromagnetic environment surveys and other related technology tests.
• China launched the first ‘Yaogan; series satellite, Yaogan-1, in 2006.
1,200-year-old Buddhist carvings found in Tibet
• Around 1200 year-old Buddhist cliff carvings have been found in Tibet that may offer a glimpse into Buddhist art and local history.
• According to the regional cultural relics protection research institute, the discoveries dating back to the Tibetan Tubo Kingdom were found in Acur township of Qamdo city.
• The relics of the Buddha figure carvings were first found by construction workers who were mining for stones.
• The carvings are inscribed on cliffs that stretch some 10 metres in total.
• Experts believe that the carvings were created in the 9th century, based on their style.
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US Oregon governor signs Net Neutrality law
• The Governor of Oregon state, Kate Brown said on April 9, 2018 that she has signed the Net Neutrality bill, which bans Internet operators from offering paid prioritisation services to customers, into law.
• The new law makes it illegal for the state's public agencies to work with Internet Service Providers (ISPs) that take part in discriminatory activities such as paid prioritisation and blocking legal content online.
• The law aims to help guarantee that Oregon residents get the net neutrality protections that the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) shot down in December 2017.
• The FCC voted in December to overturn the agency's 2015 Open Internet Order that required the ISPs to enable access to all content and applications regardless of the source and without favouring or blocking particular products or websites.
• With the move, Oregon joins two other US states – New Jersey and New York- which have already challenged the FCC rules.
FSSAI launches initiative to address Vitamin D deficiency
• The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) on April 9, 2018 launched 'Project Dhoop', which is an initiative aimed at shifting the school assembly time to noon to ensure maximum absorption of Vitamin D in students through natural sunlight.
• The project was launched at National Bal Bhavan in New Delhi and saw participation of around 600 students from NCERT, NDMC and North MCD Schools.
• Schools across the country have been sent two advisories, which asks them to hold daily assembly between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m.
• Project Dhoop's Noon Assembly is an innovative and effective concept to ensure that school students get adequate Vitamin D through sunlight, while also opting to choose food products like milk and edible oils that are fortified with Vitamins A and D.
Jharkhand government to give jobs to one lakh skilled youths
• Jharkhand government will be providing employment to one lakh youths through skill development this year focusing on the six most backward districts of the state.
• The state government aims to bring qualitative changes in the lifestyle of the youth by training them and giving them employment.
• The chief minister of the state also asked the officers to ensure placements of students from ITIs, polytechnics and engineering colleges.
• Subsidy in fees would be given to the students doing courses in private ITIs, polytechnics and engineering colleges.
• Besides this, skill development centres will be opened in tribal-dominated areas of the backward districts.
Government dilutes rules on cattle sale in animal market
• The Union Government has modified rules notified last year on sale of livestock by removing the ‘slaughter’ word.
• It has also watered down clauses on preventing cruelty and rules for markets in border areas.
• The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulation of Livestock Markets) Rules, 2017, had kicked up a political storm after it banned sale of cattle for slaughter in animal markets.
• The 2017 rules notified on May 23, 2017, have been replaced with draft rules called Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Animal Markets Rules, 2018.
• The previous rules had notified a ban on sale of cattle for slaughter.