4 June: International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression was observed globally on June 4, 2018.
• The main objective of the day is to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse.
• The day affirms the UN's commitment to protecting the rights of children.
• Its work is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the most rapidly and widely ratified international human rights treaty in history.
During armed conflicts, it is the most vulnerable members of societies - children, who are most affected by the consequences of war. The six most common violations are recruitment and use of children in war, killing, sexual violence, abduction, attacks on schools and hospitals and denial of humanitarian access.
• On August 19, 1982, during an emergency special session on the question of Palestine, the UN General Assembly, appalled at the number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese child victims of Israel’s acts of aggression, decided to commemorate 4 June of each year as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
• In recent years, the number of violations against children has increased in many conflict zones.
• According to the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), violence has taken a devastating toll on children across the world, as they are either being killed in ongoing conflicts or suicide attacks or getting frozen to death while fleeing from active war zones.
• Reports suggest that in the month of January alone, escalating violence in Iraq, Libya, Palestine, Syria and Yemen claimed the lives of at least 83 children.
• Hence, the situation calls for urgent remedial measures to protect the 250 million children living in countries and areas affected by conflict from being targets of violence.
• More needs to be done to promote international humanitarian and human rights law and to ensure accountability for violations of the rights of children.
• The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes a universal master plan to secure a better future for children.
• The new agenda includes for the first time a specific target (16.2) to end all forms of violence against children.