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IUCN declares Bornean Orangutan as critically endangered

Jul 11, 2016 17:01 IST

Bornean OrangutanThe International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in the first week of July 2016 declared Bornean orangutan as a Critically Endangered animal.

As per the IUCN’s findings, the combined impacts of habitat loss, habitat degradation and illegal hunting equate to an 86% population reduction between 1973 and 2025. This finding qualifies the species for listing as Critically Endangered.

In addition to loss of habitat, the survey also disclosed that 2000 to 3000 orangutans have been killed by hunters or villagers each year over the past four decades.

In addition, the IUCN also put the whale shark, the largest fish in the world, on the Endangered list.

About Bornean orangutan

The Bornean orangutan is a species of orangutan native to the island of Borneo.

The species, along with the Sumatran orangutan, belongs to the only genus of great apes native to Asia.

Like the other great apes, orangutans are highly intelligent and display advanced tool use and distinct cultural patterns in the wild.

Orangutans share approximately 97% of their DNA with humans.

The Bornean orangutan is the third-heaviest living primate after the two species of gorilla.

They are also the largest truly tree-dwelling animal alive today.

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