The Union Government on 30 December 2016 gave its approval for the inclusion of 15 new castes and modification of 13 others in the Central Other Backward Castes (OBC) list.
The amendments were approved by the Union Cabinet in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This move follows the proposal put forward by the National Commission of Backward Classes (NCBC).
Key Highlights of the Proposal
- It suggested 28 changes with respect to 8 states including Maharashtra, Jammu & Kashmir, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttarakhand.
- In the 28 changes, 15 were new additions, 9 were synonyms or sub-castes of the already existing castes and 4 were corrections.
- These amendments will enable people belonging to these newly added castes to avail the benefits of reservation in both Government services and Central Educational Institutions.
- These people will also be entitled to enjoy the benefits of various welfare schemes launched by the Union Government.
About the National Commission of Backward Classes
- Established on 14 August 1993, it is an Indian statutory body that examines requests for inclusion and exclusion of any class of citizens in the backward class lists.
- Its recommendations have to be considered by the government as per Section 9(1) of the NCBC Act, 1993.
- The commission comprises five members including a Chairperson (Judge of SC or HC), a social scientist, two people with expert knowledge on matters related to backward classes and a Member Secretary who has served as a Secretary to the Government of India.
- The term of all five members is three years.
- Overall, the NCBC has suggested over 2,479 entries for inclusion in the Central List of OBCs.