Over 12 lakh people treated for free under Ayushman Bharat; 10000 Wellness Centres operational
The first Health and Wellness Centre (HWC) under Ayushman Bharat was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Jangla in Bijapur, Chhattisgarh on April 14, 2018. Since then, 10,252 HWCs have been operationalised.
Indu Bhushan, the CEO of Ayushman Bharat, on February 22, 2019 announced that over 12 lakh people received free treatment under the Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), while around two crore beneficiary e-cards have been issued since the launch of mission in September 2018.
The announcement was made during the 25th edition of Medical Fair India (MFI) 2019 held in Delhi, organised by Messe Dusseldorf India, a fully owned subsidiary of Messe Düsseldorf GmbH.
Status of Health and Wellness Centres (HWC) under Ayushman Bharat
• So far, 15,000 hospitals have been empanelled under the scheme, of which, 15 percent are private hospitals.
• The first Health and Wellness Centre (HWC) under Ayushman Bharat was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Jangla in Bijapur, Chhattisgarh on April 14, 2018. Since then, 10,252 HWCs have been operationalised.
• The states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala have the highest number of HWCs under the Ayushman Bharat.
• Andhra Pradesh operationalised 1361 HWCs, Tamil Nadu has 1318, UP has 912, Karnataka has 700 and Kerala has 678 HWCs.
• A total of 1,33,84,332 women and men of age 30 years and above have been screened for common Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) at these HWCs.
Functioning of Health & Wellness Centres
• Under Ayushman Bharat its first component, 1,50,000 existing Sub- Health Centres (SHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs) to be transformed to Health & Wellness Centres (HWCs) to deliver Comprehensive Primary Health Care (CPHC), which is universal and free to users.
• The wide range of services provided at these Health and Wellness Centres encompass maternal and child health services, communicable and non-communicable diseases, services for the elderly and palliative care including free essential drugs and diagnostic services.
• States have the flexibility to expand the service package to address problems of local importance as defined by disease prevalence and community feedback.
• In the urban context, the Urban Primary Health Centres or Urban Health Posts would be strengthened to deliver comprehensive primary health care.
• The norm of ‘One Multipurpose Worker’ MPW-(F) per 10,000 population supported by four-five ASHAs, will enable outreach of services, preventive and promotive care.
• HWC at the sub centre level are being staffed by trained Mid- Level Health Provider (MLHP), also called as Community Health Officers (CHO).
Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-NHPM)
• Ayushman Bharat, the government-sponsored health insurance scheme, will provide free coverage of up to Rs 5 lakh per family per year in any government or even empanelled private hospitals all over India.
• The Ayushman Bharat programme will be funded with 60 percent contribution from the Centre and the remaining from the states.
• The benefit cover will also include pre and post-hospitalisation expenses. All pre-existing conditions will be covered from day one of the policy.
• A defined transport allowance per hospitalisation will also be paid to the beneficiary.
• The payment for treatment will be done on package rate which will be defined by the Government in advance basis. The package rates will include all the costs associated with treatment. The States and UTs will have the flexibility to modify these rates within a limited bandwidth.
• For beneficiaries, it will be a cashless and paper less transaction.
• Launched with an aim to help the poor and the economically deprived, the scheme will be available for 10.74 crore beneficiary families and about 50 crore Indian citizens.
• This scheme will strengthen the healthcare services in India. Around 13000 hospitals in the country have been coordinated for the implementation of the scheme.
• The scheme aims to target poor and vulnerable population of the country, based on the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) database. There will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme.
• The scheme allows the beneficiary to take cashless benefits from any public or private empanelled hospitals across the country.
• The scheme will work in partnership with NITI Aayog to operationalise a robust, modular and interoperable IT platform which will involve a paperless and cashless transaction.
• The National Health Agency (NHA), the apex body implementing the scheme, has launched a website (mera.pmjay.gov.in).