5 September: Teacher’s Day
5 September 2013 was designated as the Teacher’s Day in India. The day is dedicated to the first vice president of India and the second President of India, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who was born on this day in South India.
India celebrates the Teacher’s Day on the birth anniversary of this Bharat Ratna Awardee (1954). On this day, the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee also presented the National Awards to meritorious teachers from all over India. These awards were instituted in 1958 in order to give the public recognition to the teachers of the country in primary, middle as well as secondary schools.
The teachers, on this day, are honoured for their contribution towards development of the society and the country.
Who was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?
• Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888.
• He was an Indian philosopher and statesman as well as a renowned scholar.
• He was the first Vice President of India (1952–1962).
• He was also the second President of India from 1962 to 1967.
• He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in the year 1954, which is the highest civilian award in India.
• Other honours received by him include the British Knight Bachelor in 1931 and honorary membership of the Order of Merit (1963).
The World Teachers’ Day
It is important to note that every country has its own Teacher’s day, which is celebrated on different dates. But there is also the World Teachers’ day, which is recognised by UNESCO. 5 October is celebrated as the World Teachers’ Day. A different theme is selected for every year to celebrate and honour the teachers of the world.