Top 5 Current Affairs: 1 November 2017

Nov 1, 2017 17:30 IST
Top 5 Current Affairs: 1 November 2017

World Bank releases Doing Business Report 2018: India ranks 100 among 190 countries

The World Bank on 31 October 2017 released the Doing Business (DB) Report 2018 titled as 'Doing Business 2018: Reforming to Create Jobs'. As per the report, India ranked 100 among 190 countries, assessed by the Doing Business Team.

India jumped over 30 ranks this year to attain 100th spot in the ease of doing business list. It was ranked at 130th position in the 2017 Doing Business Report.

As per the report, Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, Malawi, Kosovo, India, Uzbekistan, Zambia, Nigeria,  Djibouti and El Salvador were the most improved economies in 2016/17.

Massive black holes might lurk on edge of galaxies like Milky Way

According to a study led by an Indian-origin researcher, the outskirts of spiral galaxies like Milky Way could be crowded with colliding black holes of massive proportions.

The study points to a prime location for scientists hunting for the sources of gravitational waves. The findings will be published in the upcoming issue of the Astrophysical Journal Letters.

Scientist Sukanya Chakrabarti, who is an Assistant Professor at Rochester Institute of Technology, observes that conditions favourable for black-hole mergers exist in the outer gas disks of big spiral galaxies.

India, Italy sign 6 MoUs to boost cooperation in railways, energy sectors

India and Italy on 30 October 2017 signed six Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to boost cooperation in various important sectors including energy and trade and railways.

The pacts were signed after detailed high-level talks between Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and visiting Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni. The talks mainly focused on ways to strengthen ties and countering terrorism.

A joint statement issued after the meeting read that both the Prime Ministers called upon all the countries to work towards rooting out terrorist safe havens, their infrastructure and networks and halting cross-border movement of terrorists.

Undertrial review panel's functioning needs fine-tuning: Supreme Court

The Supreme Court, while hearing the case of inhuman conditions of prisoners in the country, said that jail officials must be made part of the undertrial review committees (UTRCs) in the states and a standard operating procedure in this regard should be put in place.

The court directed that jail superintendents should be a part of the UTRC (undertrial review committees) meetings, and therefore prison authorities must be involved in the process.

The Supreme Court ruled this while hearing the case of inhuman conditions prevailing in 1,382 prisons across the country.

The bench, however, expected that the state governments and the authorities would take care the issues, by keeping in mind that it pertains to human rights which must be given priority.

Union Government constitutes Arun Jaitley led committee to oversee PSU bank mergers

The Union Government on 31 October 2017 constituted a ministerial committee headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to oversee merger proposals of 21 state-owned PSU banks.  The other members of the committee include Railways and Coal Minister Piyush Goyal and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.

Besides this, the Union Government is working on banking reforms and constituted an Alternative Mechanism for Public Sector Banks. The mechanism will oversee the proposals coming from boards of PSBs for consolidation.

Earlier in October 2017, the Union Government announced a Rs 2.11 trillion Bank Recapitalisation Plan for public sector banks to stimulate the flow of credit to fuel private investment.

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