The Union Cabinet of India on 17 January 2013 agreed to enforce President’s Rule in Jharkhand. The central government of India recommended to the President Pranab Mukherjee, to impose President’s rule in the state. The former Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Arjun Munda resigned from the office after his government was concentrated to minority after the withdrawal of support of Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM).
In the meeting, the Union Cabinet of India discussed Jharkhand Governor Syed Ahmed’s report for imposition of President's rule and eventually referred this matter to President for taking the necessary action. Syed Ahmed recommended this in his second report on political situation in Jharkhand to the Centre.
President’s Rule in Jharkhand imposed earlier
Jharkhand was created as a state in 2000 and since then, it has been kept under the President’s Rule two times.
•1st President’s Rule: imposed on 19 January 2009 because of loss of majority following the resignation of CM Shibu Soren
•2nd President’s Rule: imposed on 1 June 2010, because of loss of majority following the resignation of CM Shibu Soren
Article 356. Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States
President’s Rule is imposed in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States under Article 356.
Part XVIII: EMERGENCY PROVISIONS
(1) If the President, on receipt of a report from the Governor of a State or otherwise, is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, the President may by Proclamation-
(a) assume to himself all or any of the functions of the Government of the State and all or any of the powers vested in or exercisable by the Governor or any body or authority in the State other than the Legislature of the State;
(b) declare that the powers of the Legislature of the State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of Parliament;
(c) make such incidental and consequential provisions as appear to the President to be necessary or desirable for giving effect to the objects of the Proclamation, including provisions for suspending in whole or in part the operation of any provisions of this Constitution relating to any body or authority in the State:
A Proclamation so approved shall, unless revoked, cease to operate on the expiration of a period of six months from the date of issue of the Proclamation:
Provided that if and so often as a resolution approving the continuance in force of such a Proclamation is passed by both Houses of Parliament, the Proclamation shall, unless revoked, continue in force for a further period of six months from the date on which under this clause it would otherwise have ceased to operate, but no such Proclamation shall in any case remain in force for more than three years.