United States Congress approved a bill on 1 August 2014 to provide help of 225 million US dollars to Israel for repairing Israel’s Iron Dome anti-missile defence system, which was damaged during its ongoing war with Gaza.
US Congress approved the bill on the pretext that Israel has the right to defend itself and said that new bill will boost Israel’s capabilities in protecting its people. US had already given 700 million dollars to Israel for the Iron Dome system since 2011.
Iron Dome defence system, as claimed by Israel, has been has been a real life-saver for Israelites with about 90 percent of success rate in intercepting the rockets.
About Iron Dome Anti-Missile Defence System
The Iron Dome Anti-Missile Defence System was designed by Haifa-based Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Ltd.
The decision to build the system was taken in 2007 after the Second Lebanon War in 2006 in which Lebanon-based Shia Islamist militant group Hezbollah fired hundreds of missiles at Israel. It was first operated in April 2011 to combat Grad Rocket fired from Gaza by Hamas.
The dome is the only dual defence system in the world that offers protection against short-range missiles, rockets, artilleries, aircraft and helicopters by intercepting them in the mid-air.
Iron Dome is a part of comprehensive missile defence network of Israel which includes the David's Sling system, intended to protect against mid-range missiles, and the Arrow Interceptor system, designed to provide defence against long-range ballistic missiles.
Functioning of Iron Dome Anti-Missile Defence
The Iron Dome defence system is easily manageable and can be relocated without difficulty. It can make out where a fired rocket will land. Iron Dome interrupts only those rockets or projectiles that pose great threats to populated areas.
Iron Dome basically comprises
• Detection & Tracking Radar built by the Elta defense company
• Battle Management & Weapon Control designed by the mPrest Systems software company
• Missile Firing Unit manufactured by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd.
The missile firing unit launches Tamir Missile which is 10 Ft long, weighs about 90 kg and has a range of 4 to 70 Km. It can work day and night and in all weather conditions responding simultaneously to multiple threats.
The main pillar of the Iron Dome is its batteries which are made up of radar and three launchers. Each launcher are capable of firing off 20 Tamir interceptor missiles, stopping artillery fired from locations four to 70 kilometres away in all weather conditions and can work day and night responding to multiple threats simultaneously. The missile firing unit launches Tamir Missile.
How Iron Dome connects Israel and United States?
United States provides help of 3.1 billion US dollars to Israel as military aid every year and the funding of Iron Dome by US is a part of this aid. The funding of Iron Dome help US gains significant co-production opportunities. While Israel developed the technology to protect its citizens, the US does have an interest in marketing it to other countries.
When: 1 August 2014