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Census 2011: Literacy Rate and Sex Ratio in India Since 1901 to 2011

A person aged seven or above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language is termed as the literate. Sex ratio is defined as the number of females /1000 males. As per census 2011 India has the literacy of 74.04 and sex ratio at the 934females/1000 males.
Oct 13, 2016 17:29 IST
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A person aged seven or above, who can both read and write with understanding in any language is termed as the literate. Sex ratio is defined as the number of females /1000 males. As per census 2011 India has the literacy of 74.04 and sex ratio at the 934females/1000 males.

Literacy Rate Definition: The total percentage of the population of an area at a particular time aged seven years or above who can read and write with understanding. Here the denominator is the population aged seven years or more. In the table given below we can see that India had only 18% literate population at the commencement of the Indian constitution which has became 74.04% in census of 2011.

Total Literacy rate of whole population of India Since 1901 to 2011

S.N.

Census year

Persons

Gap in Male- Female Literacy Rate (in %)

1.

1901

5.4

9.2

2.

1911

5.9

9.6

3.

1921

7.2

10.40

4.

1931

9.5

12.7

5.

1941

16.1

17.6

6.

1951

18.33

12.30

7.

1961

28.3

25.05

8.

1971

34.45

23.98

9.

1981

43.57

26.62

10.

1991

52.21

24.84

11.

2001

64.83

21.59

12.

2011

74.04

16.68

Source: census 2011, India 2016

Literacy rate of only Male population in India Since 1901 to 2011: In the last 60 years the literate population of India has became 4th time from 21% in 1951 to 82% in 2011.

S.N.

Census year

% of Male Literacy

1.

1901

9.8

2.

1911

10.6

3.

1921

12.2

4.

1931

15.6

5.

1941

24.9

6.

1951

21.16

7.

1961

40.40

8.

1971

45.96

9.

1981

56.38

10.

1991

64.13

11.

2001

75.26

12.

2011

82.14

Source: census 2011, India 2016

Literacy Rate of only Female Population in India Since 1901 to 2011: The women education is still in very pitiable condition as the population of literate women is still hovering around 65% of the total population of the country. Percentage of literate women in the country was just 9% in 1951.

S.N.

Census year

% of Female literacy

1.

1901

0.6

2.

1911

1.0

3.

1921

1.8

4.

1931

2.9

5.

1941

7.3

6.

1951

8.86

7.

1961

15.35

8.

1971

21.97

9.

1981

29.76

10.

1991

39.29

11.

2001

53.67

12.

2011

65.46

Source: census 2011, India 2016

Jagranjosh

Image source:www.qcin.org

Sex Ratio in India Since 1901 to 2011:-

Sex Ratio Definition: It is defined as the number of females /1000 males. It is an important social indicator to measure the extent of prevailing equality between males and females in a society at a given point of time. India is a patriarchal society that is why sex ratio is always unfavourable for women in this country. In the given table it can be observed that the number of females never exceeded the males since 1901.

S.N.

Census Year

Sex Ratio ( females/1000 males)

1.

1901

972

2.

1911

964

3.

1921

955

4.

1931

950

5.

1941

945

6.

1951

946

7.

1961

941

8.

1971

930

9.

1981

934

10.

1991

927

11.

2001

933

12.

2011

943

Source:Census 2011 and India 2016

Sex Ratio can be seen through Graph also:

Jagranjosh

Image source:Erewise

Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74.04% (2011 census) from 12% at the end of British rule in 1947.India still have miles to go in this direction. Sex ratio and child sex ratio is still very low as compare to the developed countries of the world. Although overall sex ratio of India is improving due to lot of motivational programmes.

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Population Density of India: Census 2011