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Composition of Indian population

27-NOV-2015 17:03

    The distribution within a group of people of specified individual attributes such as sex, age, marital status, education, occupation, and relationship to the head of household is called Population composition. Population is divided into two parts-rural and urban on the basis of the size and occupation of settlements. The rural population consists of small sized settlements scattered over the countryside. Urban population is one that lives in large size settlements i.e. towns and cities. The composition of Indian population with respect to their rural-urban characteristics, language, religion and pattern of occupation will be discussed below:

    Rural – Urban Composition

    An important indicator of social and economic characteristics is the composition of population by their respective places of residence. For the first time since Independence, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas that in rural areas. Rural – Urban distribution: 68.84% & 31.16%. Level of urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 Census to 31.16% in 2011 Census. The proportion of rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.84%

    Linguistic Composition

    The speakers of major Indian languages belong to four language families, which have their sub-families and branches or groups.

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    Religious Composition

    Religion is one of the most dominant forces affecting the cultural and political life of the most of Indians. Since religion virtually permeates into almost all the aspects of people’s family and community lives, it is important to study the religious composition in detail.  Population Growth rate of various religion has come down in the last decade (2001-2011). Hindu Population Growth rate slowed down to 16.76 % from previous decade figure of 19.92% while Muslim witness sharp fall in growth rate to 24.60% (2001-2011) from the previous figure of 29.52 % (1991-2001). Such sharp fall in population growth rate for Muslims didn't happened in the last 6 decades. Christian Population growth was at 15.5% while Sikh population growth rate stood at 8.4%. The most educated and wealthy community of Jains registered least growth rate in 2001-2011 with figure of just 5.4%.  The Growth rate of Hindus, Muslims and Christian is expected to fall more in upcoming 2021 census while other religions like Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism are expected to remain stable for next 2 decades considering already slowed down growth rate of these religions.

    All India Religion Census Data 2011

    Religion

    Percentage

    Estimated

    Total

    Male

    Female

    State Majority

    All Religion

    100.00%

    121 Crores

    1,210,854,977

    623,270,258

    587,584,719

    35

    Hindu

    79.80%

    96.62 Crores

    966,257,353

    498,306,968

    467,950,385

    28

    Muslim

    14.23%

    17.22 Crores

    172,245,158

    88,273,945

    83,971,213

    2

    Christian

    2.30%

    2.78 Crores

    27,819,588

    13,751,031

    14,068,557

    4

    Sikh

    1.72%

    2.08 Crores

    20,833,116

    10,948,431

    9,884,685

    1

    Buddhist

    0.70%

    84.43 Lakhs

    8,442,972

    4,296,010

    4,146,962

    -

    Jain

    0.37%

    44.52 Lakhs

    4,451,753

    2,278,097

    2,173,656

    -

    Other Religion

    0.66%

    79.38 Lakhs

    7,937,734

    3,952,064

    3,985,670

    -

    Not Stated

    0.24%

    28.67 Lakhs

    2,867,303

    1,463,712

    1,403,591

    -

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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