Contribution of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in Indian Defence

01-FEB-2016 12:15

    The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) was established in 1958 by amalgamating the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production with the Defence Science Organisation. It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India headquartered in New Delhi. It works with a network of 52 laboratories, which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems.


    Make India prosperous by establishing world class science and technology base and provide our Defence Services decisive edge by equipping them with internationally competitive systems and solutions.


    • Design, develop and lead to production state-of-the-art sensors, weapon systems, platforms and allied equipment for our Defence Services.
    • Provide technological solutions to the Services to optimise combat effectiveness and to promote well-being of the troops.
    • Develop infrastructure and committed quality manpower and build strong indigenous technology base.

    DRDO has developed following missiles under integrated guided missile development programmes:

    Agni I

    The Agni-I (Fire) is a 15-metre tall, 12-ton, single stage, solid-fuelled, medium range ballistic Missile. The Agni I has a range of 700-800 km.


    It is a medium range ballistic missile with a range of 2,000-3,000 km.


    It is an intermediate range ballistic missile with a range of 3,000-5,500 km.


    Agni-V is an intercontinental ballistic missile in development by India with a range of 5,000-6,000 km.

    Prithvi-I (SS-150)

    Army Version, 150 km range with a payload of 1,000 kg.        

    Prithvi-II (SS-250)

    Air Force Version, 250 km range with a payload of 500 kg.

    Dhanush (SS-350)

    1. Dhanush is reportedly a naval version of Prithvi-III which can be launched from Ships.
    2. This indigenously developed naval version of the Prithvi short-range ballistic missile has a strike range of up to 350 km.
    3. It can carry 500 kg of conventional or nuclear warhead


    1. Astra is a beyond visual range (BVR) air-to-air missile.       
    2.  Astra is a high-end tactical missile and is envisaged to intercept enemy aircraft at supersonic speeds in head-on mode at a range of 80 km and in tail-chase mode at 20 km.



    1. The Trishul (Trident) is a short range, quick reaction, all weather surface-to-air missile designed to counter a low-level attack.   
    2. It has been flight tested in the sea-skimming role and also against moving targets.
    3. It has a range of 9 km and is fitted with a 5.5 kg HE-fragmented warhead.



    1. The Akash (Sky) is a medium-range, theatre defence, surface-to-air missile.
    2. The missile can target aircraft up to 30 km away, at altitudes up to 18,000 m.
    3.  It is capable of carrying a payload of 50 kilograms

    Indian Missiles


    1. BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land.
    2. It is a joint venture between India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia who have together formed BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited.
    3. The acronym BrahMos is perceived as the confluence of the two nations represented by two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
    4. BrahMos claims to have the capability of attacking surface targets as low as 10 meters in altitude. It can gain a speed of Mach 2.8, and has a maximum range of 290 km.

    Nag  ATGM

    1. A third-generation missile, Nag operates on "fire-and-forget" principle. While the land version of the missile has a range of 4 to 6 krn, its air version has a range of 7 to 8 km.
    2. The 42-kg missile can fly at a speed of 230 meters per second.


    1. It is a nuclear capable submarine to surface bailistic missile which is about 6.5 m long with a weight 7 tonnes.
    2. It can carry a payload of about 500 kg. It has a range of 750 km.


    1. It is a canister launched hypersonic surface to surface missile developed by DRDO.
    2. It has a range of 750-1900 km.
    3. It can be fired from underground silos unlike Prithvi and Agni.
    4. It is capable of carrying a one tonne conventional or nuclear warhead.
    5. It provides India with a significant second strike capability.


    1. It is a long range subsonic stealth cruise missile which is currently under development.
    2. It will have a range of 1000 km. Its operational speed will be 0.7 Mach.

    Delivered & Upcoming Projects of DRDO:


    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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