GK Question and Answer: Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India is the apex court. It was founded on 26 January 1950 and is mentioned in Part V of Chapter V of the Constitution of India. It is the uppermost court of appeal.
1. From which source India got the concept of Single order of court?
(A) Government of India Act, 1935
(B) Government of India Act, 1919
(C) Pitts India Act, 1773
(D) None of the following
Explanation: Government of India Act, 1935
2. Which of the following statement is not true about India's Supreme Court?
(A) Article 124 to 147 and Part V of the Indian Constitution informs about the composition and powers of the Supreme Court?
(B) The Supreme Court was inaugurated on January 28, 1950
(C) At present, there are 35 judges in the Supreme Court
(D) Judges of Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India
Explanation: The strength of Supreme Court judges increased from 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India in Sept.2019.
3. Which qualification is wrong for being a judge in the Supreme Court?
(A) It is compulsory to be a citizen of India.
(B) He should be a respected jurist in the eyes of Parliament
(C) Must be a judge in the High Court for at least 5 years
(D) He should be a lawyer in the High Court for at least 10 years
Explanation: In the eyes of the President, he should be a respected jurist.
4. Which statement regarding the tenure of judges of the Supreme Court is not correct?
(A) Judge of the Supreme Court can remain in office till the age of 65 years.
(B) Judge of the Supreme Court gives his resignation letter to the Chief Justice
(C) On the recommendation of Parliament, he can be removed by the President.
(D) Supreme Court judge can be removed only in the condition of misconduct.
Explanation: A judge of the Supreme Court gives his resignation letter to the President.
5. Who can remove the Judge of the Supreme Court?
(A) Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
(B) Only President
(C) Only Parliament
(D) Both Parliament and President
Explanation: The proposal for the removal of the judge should be passed with a special majority in both the Houses of Parliament, while the decision to remove from the post is taken by the President.
6. What is the current salary of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
(A) 1.10 lakhs Rupees
(B) 1 lakh Rupees
(C) 2.8 lakh Rupees
(D) 1.25 lakhs Rupees
Explanation: The salary of Chief Justice of India increased to Rs. 2,80,000/month from Rs. one lac earlier. Other Judges of the Supreme Court will get salary of Rs. 2.5 lacs.
7. The President can declare a judge an executive chief justice of the Supreme Court of India when ...
(A) The post of Chief Justice is vacant
(B) Chief Justice is temporarily absent
(C) Chief Justice is unable to discharge his obligations
(D) All of the above
Explanation: All the above
8. Who among the following has the right to establish the bench of Supreme Court elsewhere in the country?
(A) The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
(B) The President of India
(C) The Parliament
(D) Chief Justice of the Supreme Court has the right to allow to establish the bench of the Supreme Court elsewhere in the country with prior approval of the President.
Explanation: The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court has the right to seek the permission of the President before setting up the Supreme Court bench elsewhere in the country.
9. Which of the following Article talks about the establishment of the Supreme Court?
(A) Article 176
(B) Article 153
(C) Article 124
(D) Article 324
Explanation: Article 124
10. Which of the following is not matched correctly?
(A) Article 145: salary of judges
(B) Article 143: Power of President to consult with the Supreme Court
(C) Article 141: orders of the Supreme Court is applicable to all courts of India
(D) Article 139: Power of Supreme Court to issue writ petition
Explanation: Article 145 is related to rules of the Supreme Court not the salary of judges.