1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. GK for Exams

Indian National Congress: Sessions, Contributions & Resolutions

28-OCT-2015 12:45

    The Indian National Congress was formed when 72 delegates from all the presidencies and provinces of India met at Bombay form 28 to 30 December 1885. Allan Octavian Hume, a retired British official in India, played a leading role in the formation of the congress. He established contact with the some of the most important Indian leader all over the country and received their cooperation in forming the congress. Some of the important leaders, who attended this first session of the congress which was held at the Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, were Dadabhai Naoroji, Kashinath Trimbak Telang, Pherozeshah Mehta, S.Subramania Iyer, P. Ananda Charlu, Dinshaw Edalji Wacha, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, G. Subramania Iyer, M. Veeraraghavarchariar, N.G. Chandavarkar, Rahmatullah M. Sayani and Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee. An important leader who was absent was Surendranath Banerjee. He had convened a national conference around the same time at Calcutta.

    Jagranjosh

    The significance of the formation of the first national political organization in India was immediately realized. Barely a week after the session ended, a Calcutta newspaper, The Indian mirror, wrote, the first national congress at Bombay forms an important chapter in the history of British rule in India. The day on which it opened, namely, the 28th December 1885, will form a red letter day in the annals of the national progress of the native races. It is the nucleus of a future parliament for our country, and will lead to good of inconceivable magnitude for our countrymen. It was the day in which we, for the first time, met all our brothers of Madras, Bombay, the North-Western provinces and the Punjab, under the roof of the Gokul Das Tejpal Sanskrit college congress. From the date of this congress we may well count the more rapid development of national progress in India in future.

    The first president of the congress was Womesh Chandra Banerjee. The objectives of the congress, as stated by him, were to bring together leaders from different parts of the country to remove all possible prejudices of race, religion and region, to discuss important problems facing the country, and to decide on the activities that the Indian leaders should take up. The congress passed nine resolutions which demanded changes in British policy and reforms in administration.

    Aim and Objectives of the Congress (INC)

    • Promotion of the friendship among the countrymen.
    • Development and consolidation of feeling of national unity irrespective of race, caste, religion and provinces.
    • Formation of popular demands and presentation before the Government through petitions.
    • Training and organisation of public opinion.
    • Consolidation of sentiments of national unity.
    • Recording of the opinions of educated classes on pressing problems.
    • Laying down lines for future course of action in public interest.

    Sessions of Indian National Congress

    Year

    Venue

    President

    1885, 1882

    Bombay , Allahabad

    W.C.Bannerji

    1886

    Calcutta

    Dadabhai Naoroji

    1893

    Lahore

    "

    1906

    Calcutta

    "

    1887

    Madras

    Badruddin Tyyabji (fist Muslim President)

    1888

    Allahabad

    George Yule (first English President)

    1889

    Bombay

    Sir William Wedderburn

    1890

    Calcutta

    Sir Feroze S.Mehta

    1895, 1902

    Poona , Ahmedabad

    S.N.Banerjee

    1905

    Banaras

    G.K.Gokhale

    1907, 1908

    Surat , Madras

    Rasbehari Ghosh

    1909

    Lahore

    M.M.Malviya

    1916

    Lucknow

    A.C.Majumdar (Re-union of the Congress)

    1917

    Calcutta

    Annie Besant (first woman President)

    1919

    Amritsar

    Motilal Nehru

    1920

    Calcutta (sp.session)

    Lala Lajpat Rai

    1921,1922

    Ahmedabad, Gaya

    C.R.Das

    1923

    Delhi (sp.session)

    Abdul Kalam Azad (youngest President)

    1924

    Belgaon

    M.K.Gandhi

    1925

    Kanpur

    Sarojini Naidu (first Indian woman President)

    1928

    Calcutta

    Motilal Nehru (first All India Youth  Congress Formed)

    1929

    Lahore

    J.L.Nehru (Poorna Swaraj resolution was passed)

    1931

    Karachi

    Vallabhbhai Patel (Here, resolution on Fundamental rightsand the National Economic Program was passed)

    1932, 1933

    Delhi , Calcutta

    (Session Banned)

    1934

    Bombay

    Rajendra Prasad

    1936

    Lucknow

    J.L.Nehru

    1937

    Faizpur

    J.L.Nehru (first session in a village)

    1938

    Haripura

    S.C.Bose (a National Planning Committed set-up underJ.L.Nehru).

    1939

    Tripuri

    S.C.Bose was re-elected but had to resign due to protestby Gandhiji (as Gandhiji supported Dr.Pattabhi Sitaramayya). Rajendra Prasadwas appointed in his place.

    1940

    Ramgarh

    Abdul Kalam Azad

    1946

    Meerut

    Acharya J.B.Kriplani

    1948

    Jaipur

    Dr.Pattabhi Sitaramayya.

     

    GK Questions and Answers on History of India

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK