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Interim Government: First Government of Independent India

28-NOV-2015 12:31

    On 2nd September 1946, the newly-elected Constituent Assembly formed interim government of India which existed till 15th August 1947. The executive branch of the interim government was served by the viceroy's executive council that was headed by the Viceroy of India. It was composed of 12 members including 3 Muslims nominated by the Congress. It was for the first time since the coming of British that the Government of India was in Indian's hand. On 26th October, five nominees of the League joined the Government. Congress appointees redesigned to make room for the League nominees (Two seats were already vacant while Mr. Sarat Bose, Syed Ali Zahir and Sir Shafat Ahmed Khan resigned). The portfolios of the composite fourteen member government were as follows:


    Members of Interim Government

    Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru

    Vice President of the Executive Council, External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations

    Vallabhbhai Patel

    Home, Information and Broadcasting

    Baldev Singh


    Dr. John Mithai

    Industries and supplies

    C. Rajagopalachari


    C.H Bhabha

    Works, Mines and Power

    Rajendra Prasad

    Food and Agriculture

    Asaf Ali


    Jagjivan Ram


    Liaqat Ali


    TT Chundrigar


    Abdur Rab Nistar


    Gazanfar Ali khan


    Jogendra Nath Mandal



    The Congress decided to join the Interim Government in response to the call of the British Government to facilitate the process of transfer of power in August 1946.  The Interim Government, which assumed office on 2nd September 1946.


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