Articles from 153 to 167 in Part VI of the constitution deals with the state executive. The state executive consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister the Council of Ministers and the Advocate General of the State. The Governor is the chief executive (but nominal) head of the state and acts as an agent of the president in the state. The post of the Governor at the state level is like the president at the centre.
The constitution lay downs the following conditions for the Governor’s office:-
1. He should not be the member of either house of parliament or a house of the state legislature.
2. He should not hold any office of profit.
3. He can use his official residence for other purposes but should not charge rent for that.
4. If a person is appointed as the caretaker Governor of other states, he is entitles to get the salary of both state’s Governor (decided by the president of India).
5. His emoluments and allowances can’t be decreased during his term.
Qualification for appointment as Governor (Article 157) –
The constitution has laid down following qualifications to be appointed as Governor:
Powers of Governor:-
The Governor of the state shall possess executive, legislative, financial and judicial powers. But he does not possess diplomatic, military or emergency powers which President of India has.
1. Executive powers
2. Legislative powers
3. Financial powers
4. Judicial powers
Articles Related to Governor at a Glance
Article No. 153 for Governors of states
Article No. 154 for Executive power of state
Article No. 155 for Appointment of Governor
Article No. 156 for Term of office of Governor
Article No. 157 for Qualifications for appointment as Governor
Article No. 158 for Conditions of Governor’s office
Article No. 159 for Oath or affirmation by the Governor
Article No. 160 for Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies
Article No. 161 for Power of the Governor to grant pardons and others
Article No. 162 for Extent of executive power of state
Article No. 163 for Council of Ministers to aid and advice the Governor
Article No. 164 for other provisions as to ministers like appointments, term, salaries, and others
Article No. 165 for Advocate-General for the State
Article No. 166 for Conduct of business of the government of a state
Article No. 167 for Duties of the Chief Minister regarding furnishing of information to the Governor, and so on
Article No. 174 for Sessions of the state legislature, prorogation and dissolution
Article No. 175 for Right of the Governor to address and send messages to the house or houses of state legislature
Article No. 176 for Special address by the Governor
Article No. 200 for Assent to bills (i.e. assent of the Governor to the bills passed by the state legislature)
Article No. 201 for Bills reserved by the Governor for consideration of the President
Article No. 213 for Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances
Article No. 217 for Governor being consulted by the President in the matter of the appointments of the judges of the High Courts
Article No. 233 for Appointment of district judges by the Governor
Article No. 234 for Appointments of persons (other than district judges) to the judicial service of the state by the Governor.