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List of important Organic Compounds

24-FEB-2016 15:01

    An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon. Organic molecules are used by human in number of ways; it is used in industries like foods, pharmaceuticals, fuels etc. Alkanes consist of chemicals like propane, octane, and methane. These are used extensively as fuels for things like automobile gasoline and home heating/cooking fuel. Alcohols include chemicals like ethanol and isopropanol. These are used as antiseptics and ethanol is a staple of the beverage industry (beer/wine). Finally, carboxylic acids include a wide variety of chemicals including pharmaceuticals. Aspirin, one of the oldest commercial drugs, contains a carboxylic acid.

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    Organic Compound

    Uses of organic Compound

    Methane

    Black in colour, in making motor tyre and printing ink, in the production of light and energy, in making methyl alcohol, formaldehyde and chloroform etc.

    Butane

    In liquid state it is used as LPG fuel.

    Ethylene

    In fruit ripening and fruits preservator , in making mustard gas, in the form of anaesthesia, in oxy-ethylene flame

    Acetylene

    In producing light, oxy-ethylene flame, in the form of narselin anaesthesia, in making neoprene (artificial rubber), in artificial ripening etc.

    Polythene

    It used for the producing  electrical resistance in wires and cables, in making  layer in the cap of the bottle in the production of non-crackable bottles, pipes, buckets etc.

    Polystyrene

    Is used for the production of caps of bottles of acid, in making the body of the accumulator cells etc.

    Ethyl bromine

    It is for making local anaesthesia.

    Chloroform

    In surgical operation as anaesthesia, in form of solvent of rubber, fat, lac etc, as insecticide etc.

    Methyl alcohol

    In making methyleted spirit, artificial colour, barnish and polish, mixing with petrol and utilised as fuel of engines etc.

    Formament

    In making medicine of throats in making chewing tablets.

    Ethyl alcohol

    It is used for making wine and another alcoholic drinking stuff, tincture, barnish and polish, in the form of solvents, in  methyleted spirit, in artificial colours in perfumes and scent of fruits, in transparent soaps, in spirit lamps and stoves, in the form of fuel of motor vehicle in cleaning the wound, in the form of insecticide etc.

    Glycerol

    It is used for making nitro-glycerine, in cleaning the components of watches, in ink of stamp, in shoes polish and cosmetics, in transparent soaps, in pain reliever  medicines of any fractured part of the body organs, in sweets, wine and fruits preservators etc.

    Formaldehyde

    In making insecticides, in fixation of gelatine film on the photographic plates, in making waterproof cloths by mixing it with eggs exterior whitely part etc.

    Acetaldehyde

    In making colour medicines, in manufacturing meta acetaldehyde medicine used in sleeping, in the production of plastics.

    Acetone

    In making barnish, cordite, clodian cellulose, artificial silk, synthetic rubber, sulphone, chlorotone, chloroform, iodoform etc. as medicines etc.

    Formic acid

    In making insecticide, as  preservator of fruits juices, in  trade of leather, rubber etc.

    Acetic acid

    As laboratory’s reagent, in the form of vinegar, in making sauces and jelly etc.

    Acetyl chloride

    In making  acetamide, acetic anhydride etc.

    Acetic anhydride

    In colour industry, in the manufacturing of medicine like aspirin, in making artificial or synthetic silk from cellulose etc.

    Acetamide

    In softening leather, cloth and in misting pulp and paper.

    Ethyl acetate

    In making medicines, artificial perfumes etc.

    Urea

    In the form of fertilizer, in making  formaldehyde and urea plastic, medicines etc.

    Oxalic acid

    In colouration and printing cloths, in making colour of ink and coaltar, in the bleaching of leather, in cleaning the spot of ink by its 10 % solution etc.

    Glucose

    In making different types of wine, in sweets and preservators of fruits juices, medicines like gluconate etc.

    Benzene

    In the form of solvent, in dry cleaning, by mixing it with petrol and used as fuel of engines etc.

    Toluene

    In the dry cleaning, in the form of solvent, in the production of medicines, in making of explosives etc.

    Chloro benzene

    In the manufacturing of aniline, phenol etc.

    Nitro benzene

    In the production of soaps in the form of mirbane oil, in making polishes etc.

    Aniline

    In trade of colours, in manufacturing of drugs etc.

    Phenol

    In the production of carbolic soap, in the form of insecticide, in Bakelite, in predestine, aspirin, celolal etc.

    Benzaldehyde

    In colour industry, in the manufacturing of perfumes etc.

    Benzoic acid

    In the making drugs, as preservator of fruits juices etc.

    Benzene Sulphonic acid

    In the production of saccharin, in the production of  solute colour, in making sulpha drugs etc.

    Ether

    As anaesthesia, solvent, coolant, in the production of alcohol etc...

    Carbon-tetrachloride

    In the form of fire extinguisher.

    Urotropin

    In the treatment of urological diseases.

    Gammexene

    In the form of germicide/ insecticide

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