List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil

India is a land of diversity not only culturally but also by soil profile and climate due to this a variety of food and cash crops is grown. Here, we are giving the “List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall Soil” along with their temperature, rainfall and soil that they require to grow, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
Created On: Sep 5, 2017 11:00 IST
Modified On: Sep 5, 2017 10:56 IST

India is a land of diversity not only culturally but also by soil profile and climate due to this a variety of food and cash crops is grown.

Major Major Crops in India

Source: www.indianetzone.com

Here, we are giving the “List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil” along with their temperature, rainfall and soil that they require to grow, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil

1. Rice

Temperature: 22 -32 degree Celsius          

Rainfall: 150-300 cm    

Soil:  Deep clayey and loamy soil

2. Wheat

Temperature: 10-15 degree Celsius (Sowing time); 21-26 degree Celsius (Ripening & Harvesting)

Rainfall: 75-100 cm      

Soil:  Well-drained fertile loamy and clayey loamy

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3. Millets

Temperature: 27-32 degree Celsius 

Rainfall: 50-100 cm      

Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil

4. Grams

Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate)        

Rainfall: 40-45 cm        

Soil:  Loamy Soil

5. Sugar Cane

Temperature: 21-27 degree Celsius 

Rainfall: 75-150 cm      

Soil:  Deep rich loamy soil

Forest-based Industry

6. Cotton

Temperature: 21-30 degree Celsius 

Rainfall: 50-100 cm      

Soil:  Black soil of Deccan and Malwa Plateau. However, it also grows well in alluvial soils of the Sutlej-Ganga plain and red and laterite soils of the peninsular region

7. Oilseeds

Temperature: 20-30 degree Celsius 

Rainfall: 50-75 cm        

Soil: Well drained light sandy loams, red, yellow and black soils are well suited for its cultivation.

8. Tea

Temperature: 20-30 degree Celsius 

Rainfall: 150-300 cm    

Soil:  Well drained, deep friable loamy soil.

Agro-Based Industries in India

9. Coffee

Temperature: 15-28 degree Celsius 

Rainfall: 150-250 cm    

Soil:  Well drained, deep friable loamy soil

In the above list of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil gives extracted revision capsule for the aspirants of different examinations and also for the general readers.

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