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List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil

05-SEP-2017 11:00

    India is a land of diversity not only culturally but also by soil profile and climate due to this a variety of food and cash crops is grown.

    Major Major Crops in India

    Source: www.indianetzone.com

    Here, we are giving the “List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil” along with their temperature, rainfall and soil that they require to grow, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

    List of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil

    1. Rice

    Temperature: 22 -32 degree Celsius          

    Rainfall: 150-300 cm    

    Soil:  Deep clayey and loamy soil

    2. Wheat

    Temperature: 10-15 degree Celsius (Sowing time); 21-26 degree Celsius (Ripening & Harvesting)

    Rainfall: 75-100 cm      

    Soil:  Well-drained fertile loamy and clayey loamy

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    3. Millets

    Temperature: 27-32 degree Celsius 

    Rainfall: 50-100 cm      

    Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil

    4. Grams

    Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate)        

    Rainfall: 40-45 cm        

    Soil:  Loamy Soil

    5. Sugar Cane

    Temperature: 21-27 degree Celsius 

    Rainfall: 75-150 cm      

    Soil:  Deep rich loamy soil

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    6. Cotton

    Temperature: 21-30 degree Celsius 

    Rainfall: 50-100 cm      

    Soil:  Black soil of Deccan and Malwa Plateau. However, it also grows well in alluvial soils of the Sutlej-Ganga plain and red and laterite soils of the peninsular region

    7. Oilseeds

    Temperature: 20-30 degree Celsius 

    Rainfall: 50-75 cm        

    Soil: Well drained light sandy loams, red, yellow and black soils are well suited for its cultivation.

    8. Tea

    Temperature: 20-30 degree Celsius 

    Rainfall: 150-300 cm    

    Soil:  Well drained, deep friable loamy soil.

    Agro-Based Industries in India

    9. Coffee

    Temperature: 15-28 degree Celsius 

    Rainfall: 150-250 cm    

    Soil:  Well drained, deep friable loamy soil

    In the above list of Major Crops of India |Temperature, Rainfall & Soil gives extracted revision capsule for the aspirants of different examinations and also for the general readers.

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