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Pandya Dynasty | List of Pandya Rulers and their contributions

08-DEC-2017 12:46

    The Pandya Kingdom was first mentioned by Megasthenese who said that their kingdom was famous for pearls. They occupied the region of the modern districts of Tirunelveli, Ramnad and Madurai in Tamil Nadu. Madurai was their capital, situated on the bank of river Vagai. The word Pandya is derived from the Tamil word, 'Pandi' which means the 'bull', and considered a symbol of masculinity, strength and valour by the early Tamils. Here, we are giving the list of Pandya Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

    Pandya Kingdom

    List of Pandya Rulers and their contributions

    Name Rulers

    Reign (AD)

    Contribution (s)

    Pudappandiyan

    NA

    NA

    Mudukudumi Paruvaludhi

    NA

    NA

    Nedunjeliyan I

    180

    1. He was great Pandya King. His name is also mentioned in Silappadikaram.

    2. He was a contemporary of the Chera king Senguttuvan.

    Nedunjeliyan II

    210

    1. He defeated a confederacy of the Cholas and Cheras at Talaiyalanganam near Tiruvarur and conquered most of the Tamil region.

    2. His deeds have been described in detail in the Maduraikkanci.

    Nan Maran

    NA

    NA

    Nedunjeliyan III

    NA

    NA

    Maran Valudi

    NA

    NA

    Kadalan valuthi

    NA

    NA

    Musiri Mutriya Cheliyan

    NA

    NA

    Ukkirap Peruvaludi

    NA

    NA

    Kadungon

    590-620

    1. Took the title of 'Pandyadhiraja'.

    2. He is known for ending the Kalabhra rule, marking the beginning of a new era in the Tamil speaking region.

    Maravarman Avani Culamani

    620–640

    1. He took the title of  Maravarman.

    2. A Pandyan inscrpition praises Avani Sulamani using conventional phrases, claiming that he became the sole owner of the earth and married the goddess of prosperity.

    Jayantavarman

    640-670

    1. He is also known as Seliyan Sendan.

    Arikesari Maravarman

    670–710

    1. He is also known as Arikesari Parankusa.

    2. He performed the Hiranyagarbha and Tulabhara rituals.

    Kochadaiyan Ranadhiran

    710–735

    1. He asserted Pandya's superiority over the Cheras and Cholas in the city of Mangalapuram, the modern day Mangalore.

    Maravarman Rajasimha I

    735–765

    1. He was the son and successor of Kochadaiyan Ranadhiran.

    Jatila Parantaka

    765–815

    NA

    Rasasingan II

    790–800

    NA

    Varagunan I

    800–830

    NA

    Srimara Srivallabha

    815–862

    1. He constructed many tanks, canals and water reservoir (For example- Sri Vallabha Pereri- big lake)

    Varagunavarman II

    862–880

    1. He was the contemporary of the great Saivite saint and author Manikavasagar who wrote the epoch making book Tiruvasagam.

    Parantaka Viranarayana

    880–900

    NA

    Maravarman Rajasimha III

    900–920

    1. He was the last Pandya king.

    2. He opposed the Chola king of Thanjavur at Kodumbalur and plundered the Chera capital at Vanchi in Kongu Nadu.

    3. After the successive defeats, he fled to Ceylon but was not get shelter then he went to Kerala, as he himself had descended in part from a Chera king where he spent the rest of his days keeping a low profile.

    The Pandya Kingdom, as per the traditions extended from the Podukottai district to Kanyakumari in south and Achankovil River in Kerala (west) to River Vegai (Madura) in East. The kingdom was ordinarily divided into 5 principalities which were known as “Five Pandyas“. In the above list of Pandya Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

    List of Chera Rulers and their contributions

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