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Satavahana Dynasty | List of Satavahanas Rulers and their contributions

08-DEC-2017 12:51
    List of Satavahanas Rulers and their contribution

    The Satavahanas dynasty played the most significant role in Indian history in the period between the fall of the Mauryas and the rise of the Gupta Empire. They were also called as the Andhras in Deccan and their capital was at Paithan or Pratishthan. The Andhras were ancient people and they are mentioned in the Aitareya Brahmana. Here, we are giving the list of Satavahanas Rulers and their contributions for general awareness.

    List of Satavahanas Rulers and their contributions

    Name of Satavahana Rulers

    Contribution (s)

    Simuka

    1. Founder of the dynasty

    2. Succeeded by his brother Krishna (Kanha)

    Kanha

    1. He is identified with the "Kanha-raja" (King Kanha) of "Satavahana-kula" (Satavahana family) mentioned in a Nashik cave inscription

    2. He extended the empire to further south and was succeeded by Simuka’s son Satkarni-I.

    Satakarni

    1. He was the third of the Satavahana kings and was the first powerful Satavahans ruler.

    2. His achievements in details are describes in the Nanaghat inscription.

    3. Reffered to as 'lord of Dakshinpatha'

    4. His name is inscribed on one of the gateways of Sanchi Stupa.

    Sivasvati

    1. During his reign that the Western Satraps invaded Northern Maharastra and Vidarbha and occupied the districts of Pune and Nashik, forcing the Satavahanas to abandon their capital Junnar and to move to Prastisthana (modern Paithan) in the vicinity of Aurangabad.

    2. His Queen was probably Gautami Balashri (mother of Gautamiputra Satakarni) who appears in an inscription at Nasik caves as the donator of Cave Number three.

    Gautamiputra Satakarni

    1. Information about him comes from his coins, the Satavahana inscriptions and the royal genealogies in the various Puranas.

    2.  Best known inscription is the Nashik prashasti (eulogy) inscription of his mother Gautami Balashri, which credits him with extensive military conquests

    3. The Nashik prashasti inscription of Gautamiputra's mother calls him the "king of kings", and states that his orders were obeyed by the circle of all kings.

    4. He was the first king bearing matronym (Mothers name)

    Vasishthiputra Pulumavi

    1. Referred to as Vasishthiputra Sri Pulumavi

    2. Set up his capital at Paithan or Paristhan on the bank of Godavari river.

    3. He extended his borders to eastern Deccan and started trade with Java and Sumatra.

    Vashishtiputra Satakarni

    1. He had great conflict with the Scythian Western Kshatrapas in the West, but he eventually married the daughter of Rudradaman I of the Western Kshatrapa dynasty, in order to forge an alliance.

    2. Inscription in a cave at Kanheri witnesses the marriage between Rudradaman I's daughter and Vashishtiputra Satakarni.

    3. He was defeated by his father-in-law in the battle that causes a serious effect on Satavahana power and prestige.

    Shivaskanda Satakarni

    1. He succeeded Vashishtiputra Satakarni in 145 AD.

    2. He was defeated twice in battle by his Western Satrap enemy Rudradaman.

    Yajna Sri Satakarni

    1. He was lover of trade and navigation.

    2. He issued coins in which ships were depicted.

    Vijaya

    1. He was the last ruler of Satvahanas dynasty

    The Satavahanas Empire collapse when Abhiras seized Maharshtra and Ikshvakus and Pallavas appropriated the eastern province. Their greatest competitors were the Sakas who had established their power upper Deccan and Western India. In the above list of Satavahanas Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

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