Mamluk Dynasty: Qutb-ud-din Aibak
Qutb-ud-din Aibak was a sipahasalar under Muhammad Ghori as well as his slave. He was born to a Turkish family in Central Asia and was sold as a slave in his childhood. As a viceroy of Sultan Muhammad Ghori, he sacked Banaras in 1194. He also defeated the raja of Ajmer. He forced Raja Solankhoal to pay tribute after conquering Gwalior. Besides, he won the kingdom of Gujarat.
After Muhammad Ghori’s death in 2006, Aibak became the Sultan of India and laid the foundation of Mameluk dynasty or Slave dynasty.
The major points related to Qutb-ud-din Aibak are as following:
• He ruled for only 4 years. He died in 2010 while playing Chaughan.
• He was the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate.
• He was a Turkish of the Aybak tribe.
• Since he was very generous, He was nicknamed Lakha Baksh Sultan.
• He was credited for laying the foundation for Qutub Minar which was named after a Sufi saint KhwajaQutb-ud-din Bakhtiyar Kaki.
• He also commissioned Qutub Al Islam mosque.
• He was succeeded by his son in law Iltutmish.
• His tomb is located in Lahore, Pakistan.