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Non-Metals :Physical and Chemical properties

Non-Metal are those elements which do not exhibit the metallic characteristics. In the periodic table non-metals are kept almost in the right most. In modern periodic table there are 22 non-metals in which there are 11 gases, 1 liquid and 10 solid. Bromine occurs in the state of liquid and hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, chlorine etc are found in gaseous forms. But carbon, sulphur, phosphorous, iodine etc solid non-metals.
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Non-Metal are those elements which do not exhibit the metallic characteristics. In the periodic table non-metals are kept almost in the right most. In modern periodic table there are 22 non-metals in which there are 11 gases, 1 liquid and 10 solid.  Bromine occurs in the state of liquid and hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, chlorine etc are found in gaseous forms. But carbon, sulphur, phosphorous, iodine etc solid non-metals.

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Physical properties of non-metal

The physical properties of non-metal are given below:

• They do not produce metallic lustre.

• They are bad conductor of electricity.

• They are bad conductor of heat.

• They are electronegative.

• They cannot be drawn into sheets and wires.

• They have low specific gravity.

• They do not reflect light.

• They do not produce metallic sound.

• They are found in all states of matter.

Chemical properties of non-metal

The chemical properties of non-metal are given below:

• Non metallic oxides are acidic in nature.

• They do not dissolve in dilute mineral acids.

• They form stable compound with hydrogen.

• Their chlorides are completely hydrolyzed by water.

Reaction of non-metals with oxygen: They react with oxygen to form acidic oxides or neutral oxides.

Reaction of non-metals with water: They do not react with water (steam) to evolve hydrogen gas.

Reaction of non-metal with acids: They do not react with acids because they are negative charged electron.

Reaction of non-metal with salt solution: They do not react with salt solution but displaces less reactive non-metal from the salt.

Reaction of non-metal with chlorine: They are react with chlorine to form covalent chlorides which are non- electrolytes.