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North Eastern States at a Glance: (Seven Sisters of India)

24-DEC-2015 15:35

    North East India comprises of seven states commonly known as the “Seven Sisters”. They are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. Northeast India houses umpteen number of tourist attractions with its picture-perfect landscapes, cultural diversity, festivals, traditions, further augmenting the charm of the region.

    The basic reason to call these North-Eastern States, Seven Sisters is the geographical location of all seven states in the same region.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: http://www.mapsofindia.com

    1. Arunachal Pradesh

    The Land:  Arunachal Pradesh the 24th state of the Indian Union, is bounded by Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, China to the north and north-east and the plains of Assam to the south. Arunachal is the largest state (area-wise) in the North-East Region.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.indiandefencereview.com

    Facts about Arunachal Pradesh:

    Area    

    83,743 sq. km(bounded by Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, China), Districts are13.

    Capital

    Itanagar

     

    Attained Statehood

    Feb 20, 1987 (Arunachal Pradesh the 24th state of the Indian Union)

    Population (2011 Census) 

    13.84 lakhs

    Languages

    Adi, Aka, Apatani, Dafla, Nishing, Miji, Gallong, Nocte,Wancho, Tagin, Hill Miri, Idu Mishmi, Miju Mishmi, Digaru Mishmi, Monpa, Tangsa, Khampti, Sherdukpen, and Bangni.

    Economy

    Size of state economy is  $ 2.651 bn. About 35% of the population of Arunachal Pradesh, agriculture is the main occupation. 17% of total cultivated area is under irrigation. About 62% of the total area of the state is under forests. Main crop is rice.

    Literacy Rate (20011 Census)

    65.38%

    Legislature

    Unicameral.

    Climate

    Highly hot and humid in the lower altitude and very cold in the

    Rainfall

    3300 cms average.

    Festivals

    Siang River Festival, Nyokum (festival of the Nyishi tribe), Lossar Festival (to welcome a new year), Dree Festival, Boori Boot (for successful harvest of the crops), Loku (farwell to the winter) , Sanken (celebrated by the Khampti tribe of Lohit district),Pangsau Pass Winter Festival,Ziro Festival of Music, Solung (An agriculture festival).

     

    Source: www.mapsofindia.com

    2. Assam:

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    Source: nvbdcp.gov.in

    Facts about Assam:

    Area    

    78, 438 sq. km, Districts are 23

    Capital

    Dispur

     

    Attained Statehood

    Aug. 15, 1947(Assam is the gateway to the north-east.)

    Population (2011 Census) 

    3.12 crore

    Languages

    Assamese, Hindi, English, Bengali

    Economy

     

    About 63% of the state’s working force is engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Rice is the principal food crop.  Forest account for 22.41% of the total area of the state.

     

    Literacy Rate (20011 Census)

    72.09%

    Legislature

    Unicameral.

    Places of Interest:

    Kaziranga National Park: Kaziranga(famous for horned rhino, breeding place of pelican), Manas National Park, The only Tiger Reserve of Assam. (world heritage site), Nameri National Park, Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary , Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary

    Rainfall

    200- 300 cms annual average

    Festivals

    Bihu-Bhogali or Magh Bihu (January), Rongali or Bohag Bihu (April), and Kongali or Kati Bihu (May), Baishagu (celebrated by Bodo Kacharis during mid April), Ali-Ai-Ligang (festival of the Mishing tribe.

    3. Manipur :

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    Source: www.mdoner.gov.in

    Facts about Manipur:

    Area    

    22,327 sq. km (Manipur means the 'land of gems'), Districts are 9.

    Capital

    Imphal

    Attained Statehood

    Jan 21, 1972 (This north-eastern state was described as the land of gold or ‘Suvarnabhu’)

    Population (2011 Census) 

    2.72 million

    Languages

    Manipuri, English

    Economy

     About 88% of the total working population in the hills and about 60% of the working population in the valley depend entirely on the agriculture and allied pursuits like animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry.

    Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

    68.87%

    Legislature

    Unicameral.

    Places of Interest:

    Govindajee temple, a Vaishnavite temple, Manipur zoological park, The largest fresh water lake of northeast India is located in Manipur. It is called the Loktak Lake and Sendra Island.

    Rainfall

    1467.5 mm

    Festivals

    Khamba (incarnation of Lord Shiva), Thoibi (incarnation of Parvati) dance with picturesque dresses having restrained and delicate movements,

    "The Rasa Lila, Pung Cholom or kartal Cholom.

     4. Meghalaya:

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    Source: www.mdoner.gov.in

     Facts about Meghalaya:

    Area    

    22,429 sq. km (Meghalaya, a Sanskrit word meaning "the  abode of cloud"), Districts are 7

    Capital

    Shilong,  (The Khasi, Garo and Jaintia are main tribes)

     

    Attained Statehood

    Jan 21, 1972,

    Population (2011 Census) 

    29.67 Lakhs

    Languages

    Khasi, Garo, English

    Economy

    Size of economy is  $ 4.290 bn

    Its 80% population is based on Agriculture, major food crops of rice and maize, Meghalaya is known for its oranges (Khasi Mandarian), pineapple, banana, jackfruits

    Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

    75.48%

    Legislature

    Unicameral.

    Places of Interest:

    Cherrapunji, Mawsynram (higher rainfall in the world), Wards lake - Situated right in the heart of the city (Shillong), Syndai-or Syndai Caves

    Rainfall

    241.5 cm

    Festivals

    A five day long religious festival of the Khasis, Ka Pemblang Nongrem dance is popularly known as Nongrem dance is held annually at village, Smit,11km from Shillong.

    5. Mizoram:

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    Source: https://health.mizoram.gov.in

    Facts about Mizoram:

    Area    

    21,081sq. km

    Capital

    Aizawl

     

    Attained Statehood

    Jan 21, 1972,

    Population (2011 Census) 

    1,091014

    Languages

    Mizo, Kuki, and English

    Economy

    Size of the economy is $ 2.015 bn.

    Its 80% population is based on Agriculture, major food crops of rice and maize, Meghalaya is known for its oranges (Khasi Mandarian), pineapple, banana, jackfruits

     

    Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

    91.33%

    Sex Ratio

    971 / 1000 Male

    Legislature

    Unicameral (Assembly seats 40)

    Lok Sabha seats

    1

    Main Towns

    Aizawl, lunglei, champai, kolosib, saiha

    Dances

    Bamboo dance, khantum solokia, kuallam, cheraw kan

    Festivals

    Chapchar kut, mim kut, pawl kut, Christmas, Easter, Thalfavang

    6.Nagaland:

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    Source: http://nsdma.gov.in/

    Facts about Nagaland:

    Area    

    16, 579 sq. km,  Districts are 23

    Capital

    Kohima,  (Nagaland is a hilly state), There is no caste system among the Nagas or anyone of the non-Naga tribes.

    Attained Statehood

    December 1, 1963

    Population (2011 Census) 

    29.67 Lakh

    Languages

    English, Hindi, Ao, Chang, Konyak, Angami, Sema, Lotha, Sangtam and Chakhesang.

    Economy

    Over 85% population of Nagaland is directly dependent on agriculture.

    Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

    74.43%

    Legislature

    Unicameral.

    Places of Interest:

    It is called as Nag Bhumi’- the land of serpents. The Japfu peak situated at a height of 3048 mts. above sea level is the second highest peak in Nagaland after Mt. Saramati.

    Rainfall

    200- 300 cms annual average

    Festivals

    Konyak Aoling and Phom Monyu festivals, Chakhesang Sukrunye festival in January, followed by Kuki Mimkut; Angami Sekrenyi is celebrated in February.

    7.Tripura:

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    Source : http://www.mapsofindia.com

    Facts about Tripura:

    Area    

    10,492 sq. km, Tripura, the ancient home of the Bodos, is the northeastern state of India located by the side of Bangladesh. Districts are 4

    Capital

    Agartala

    Attained Statehood

    January 21, 1972

    Population (2011 Census) 

    36.74 Lakhs

    Languages

    Bengali, Manipuri and Kakborak

    Economy

    Size of the economy is $ 5.247 bn

    Rice is the main crop. It is well-suited to the marshy conditions of the northern basin. Jute, cotton, tea, and fruit are important cash crops. Sugar cane, mustard and potatoes are also grown.

    Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

    87.22 %

    Legislature

    Unicameral.

    Places of Interest:

    Ujjayanta Palace, Sepahijala Wild life Sanctuary, Neer Mahal ( A palace in water), Jampui Hills, Unakoti (a profusion of the rock cut images).

    Rainfall

    22.4 cms (June to August)

    Festivals

    Garia Puja, Kharchi Puja, Ker Puja, Durga Puja(Oct-Nov), Tirthamukh-A popular pilgrim centre for the tribal people of Tripura.

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