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Oceania: Fact at a Glance

27-JAN-2016 17:49

    Oceania is a region centred on the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean. It is the smallest continent and also one of the most diverse and fascinating areas on the planet. The name "Oceania" (Océanie) was coined in 1812 by geographer Conrad Malte-Brun. It is from a French word derived from the Greek word (ōkeanós), or ocean.

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    Major Languages

    Major languages include the Aboriginal Australian languages from the Pama–Nyungan and Trans–New Guinea families, and approximately forty Polynesian languages. Colonial languages include English in Australia and New Zealand, and in many other territories, while French is spoken in New Caledonia and French Polynesia. There are also mixtures of colonial languages with indigenous languages, such as Tok Pisin, Bislama, Chavacano, Norfuk and Pitkern. Also, as in other parts of planet, immigrants brought their own languages, such as Chinese, Greek and Italian.

    Largest Countries (by size)

    Australia (7,686,850 sq. km), Papua New Guinea (468,840), New Zealand (268,680 sq km)

    Smallest Countries (by size)

    Nauru (21 sq km), Tuvalu (26 sq km), Marshall Islands (73,600 sq km)

    Image Courtesy: www.mapsof.net.com

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