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Twenty Important facts about the Rajasthan

06-JAN-2016 15:50

    Rajasthan or the land of Kings is the best example of the old and new; the ancient and the modern cultural heritage. Its name truly justified with lavish forts and majestic palaces that are apt reminders of a rich, romantic past that speaks of heroism, honor and chivalry.

    Rajasthan is India's largest state by area (342,239 km2 (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4% of India's total area). It is located on the western side of the country, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the "Rajasthan Desert" and "Great Indian Desert") and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the Northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. It is a northern Indian state bordering Pakistan.

    Area

    342,239 km(Biggest state of India in terms of land)

    Population

    6.85 cr (2011 census)

    Language

    Official language (Hindi), Additional official language (English, Punjab),

    Rajasthani (Devanagari is a language of the Indo-Aryan languages family. Marwari,Maruwani

    Climate

    Rajasthan has a tropical desert climate. It is extremely cold from October to February while the scorching sun tortures the land from March to September.

    Capital 

    Jaipur

    Members of  Lok Sabha

    25

    Legislature

    Unicameral

    Major Cities (by population)

     

    Jaipur (3,073,349),Jodhpur(1,138,300),Kota(1,001,365),

    Bikaner(647,804),Ajmer(551,101),Udaipur(474,531),Bhilwara(360,009)

    Lakes

    Rajsamand Lake, Sambhar lake,Udai Sagar Lake, Nakki Lake, Kaylana Lake, Raj Bagh Talao, Malik Talao,

    Lake Fateh Sagar, Gadsisar Lake, Lake Pichola, Swaroop Sagar Lake, Udai Sagar Lake, Raj Bagh Talao etc.

    Average annual rainfall (mm)

    313-675

    The Thar Desert (desert districts)

    Jaisalmer, Barmer, Bikaner and Jodhpur (The Thar Desert or the Great Indian Desert encompasses about 70% of total landmass of Rajasthan and hence it is identified as the "Desert State of India".)

    Economy  Size

    US$ 101.296 billion), Agriculture based Economy

    Literacy

    66.11 %

    Districts

    33

    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    928 per Thousand male

    Child sex Ratio

    888 (census 2011)

    Principal Folk Dances

    Bhavai Dance, Chari Dance, Drum Dance, Fire Dance, Gair Dance, Ghoomar Dance ( by Bhil tribe),Kachhi Ghodi dance, Kalbelia Dance(‘Sapera Dance or Snake Charmer),Kathak Dance, Kathputli Dance.

    Fair and Festivals

    Desert Festival, Jaisalmer,Nagaur Fair, Nagaur, Pushkar Fair, Pushkar,Summer Festival, Mt. Abu, Marwar Festival, Jodhpur, Camel Race Festival, Bikaner,Gangaur Festival, Jaipur,Teej Festival, Jaipur,Mewar Festival, Udaipur,Urs Festival, Ajmer, Nagaur Fair(Nagaur),Kaila Devi Fair(Karauli),Summer Festival(Mount Abu),Dusshera (Kota)

    World Heritage Sites

     

     

    The six forts — Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer, Ranthambhore (Sawai Madhopur), Gagaron (Jhalawar) and Amber (Jaipur) — were recognised as serial World Heritage Sites in the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee (WHC) in Phnom Penh, Cambodia .

    Principal Crops

    Barley, Wheat, Gram, Pulses, Oil Seeds, Bajra, Pulses, Jowar, Maize Ground Nuts, fruits and vegetables and spices.etc.

    Principal Minerals

    Wollastonite (100%), Jasper(100%), Zinc concentrate (99%), Fluorite(96%), Gypsum(93%),Marble(90%), Asbestos(89%), Calcite(70%), Phosphate rock(75%), Mica, Copper, Silver, Petroleum

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