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West Bengal

09-OCT-2017 19:14

West Bengal is endowed with distinct natural attractions like impressive mountain range, virgin forests, variety of wildlife, verdant tea gardens, meandering rivers, sandy beaches and the world’s largest mangrove forests, along the Sunderban delta.

West bengal at Glance

West Bengal at a Glance



State animal

Fishing cat

State bird

White-throated kingfisher

State tree

Devil tree

State flower

Night-flowering jasmine

Neighbouring States

Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar and Sikkim

Neighbouring Countries

Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh


Bengali, Hindi, English, Nepali


Bhagirathi, Mayurakshi, Damodar, Kongbati, Teesta, Torsha, Jaldhaka, Mahananda, Subarnarekha and Rupnarayan


Dum Dum International (Kolkata), Bagdogra, Kalakunda, Panagarh, Malda, Brrackpore, Behala, Balurghat and Coochbehar


Kolkata and Haldia

Fairs and Festivals


Durga Puja, id, Diwali, Rasajatra, Navanna, Christmas, Saraswati Puja, Vasanta Utsav, Holi and Charak. Important fairs include Gangasagar Mela, Kenduli Mela, Jalpesh Mela, Rash Mela and Poush Mela.

National Parks


Neora Valley National Park (Darjeeling), Singalila National Park (Darjeeimg), Sunderbans Tiger Reserve (South 24 Paraganas), Buxa Tiger Reserve (Jalpaiguri), Gorumara National Park (Jalpaiguri)

Awards and Honour

Biswa Bangla Sharad Samman, Banga Bhusan, Banga Bibhusan, Charu Kala Utsav, Jatra Utsav, Kolkata International Film Festival, Sangeet Mahasamman, Sangeet Samman and Tele Award

List of Indian States and their Symbols

Historical Background

The state gets its name from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. Around 3rd BC, it formed part of the extensive Mauryan Empire. The region was then taken over into the Gupta Empire and later came under the rule of the Pala dynasty. From the 13th to the 18th centuries Bengal was under Muslim rule, and came under British control following Robert Clive’s conquest over the region in 1757.

In 1773, Warren Hastings, the governor of Bengal, became the first Governor General of Bengal with powers over the Madras and Bombay Presidencies as well. In 1905, Bengal was partitioned into two provinces in spite of violent protests. Continued opposition to the partition led to the reunification of the state in 1911.

At the time of independence, the eastern part of Bengal became East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) and the western part became the Indian state of West Bengal. The princely state of Cooch Behar was integrated with West Bengal in 1950. The state also gained some territory from Bihar after the reorganization of Indian states in 1956.

Political Development

 1905 – Bengal was partitioned into two provinces.

 1911 – Reunion of Bengal 1947 – Merger of native settlement began

 1956- Bengali speaking areas were transferred to West Bengal.

List of Indian Cities and their Nicknames

Culture & Tourism

The rich traditions in art and culture in West Bengal are reflected in numerous ways in theatre, folk music, literature, films and paintings. The state has seen many great writers and artists, including the Nobel prize-winning poet Rabindranath Tagore.

1. Jatra, the hugely popular theatre form, has a range of themes: from mythological to historical to contemporary.

2. Rabindrasangeet, consisting of songs written and composed by Tagore, has a strong influence on Bengali culture.

3. Bengali filmmakers—most notably Satyajit Ray, Tapan Sinha and Mrinal Sen—have also earned worldwide acclaim.

4. Popular handicrafts include leather craft, brass and bell metal, articles from bamboo and cane, clay dolls, jute products and silver filigree.

5. Handloom saris, notably the Baluchari and Dhakai, are well known.

West Bengal is ranked sixth in terms of contribution to India's net domestic product. The state's cultural heritage, besides varied folk traditions, includes notable authors in literature, including Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Kolkata is known as the "cultural capital of India".West Bengal is also distinct from most other Indian states in its enthusiasm for the sport of association football, as well as cricket, the national sport.

Which Indian states have GDP equal to or more than other countries of the world?

Post Comment
38 Comment

Ankita Bose,

Kindly update the information regarding the present governor of West Bengal.The answer will be Keshri Nath Tripathi instead of MK Narayanan,

sk mehedi islam ,

now no of dist 20 of wb..pls update

gopal sarkar,

Name of governor be changed. Minerals : petrolium be removed. cottage. Industry be added.


Now no. of district in West Bengal- 20

Ankit kumar,

I needs some important coptetive questions related to west bangal..


Vill-panapukur,po-bhangar-ps-kashipur ,dist-south 24 parganas, pin-743502


The present Governor of West Bengal is Mr. Keshari Nath Tripathi....


i need more gk type information of west bangal(cutrent & anncient)


bhai kis jamane m jee rahe ho, sarkar ulat fulat ho geya hai... news parho ja k..

MD Shoyeb ,

pls update

Sourav the boss,

this is old news.


I am sujay


Update your self


पश्चिम बंगाल जनरल नालेज की जानकारी बहुत पुरानी है


very nice


this is old g.k idont like this

deepak mahato,

thankxxx........!! update cm in mamta banergee

p dilip,

current goki material

rabi pandit,

very nice

Binoy Haldar,

Please update the information.

joykanti dandapat,

thanks,plz update this page bkz mamta didi came


thax for give me more info......

suvendu mukherjee,

sir, please update this page. now our Chief Minister is no longer Mr. Buddadeb its Madam Mamta Banerjee,Please Note that the present Governor of W.B is M.K. Narayanan

ishita banerjee,

chief minister's name has not been changed yet as right now chief minister is ms. mamta banerjee

riki saha,

update the latest new............

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