What is SATH Program?
NITI Aayog has launched a SATH program on 10 June, 2017 along with the state government to initiate the process of transforming education and health sectors.
SATH stands for 'Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’. It will provide technical support to the state governments in the two sectors as mentioned above.
What is the aim of SATH program?
Its aim was to identify and build three future 'role model' states for health systems.
The three-way partnership between NITI, State Governments and a knowledge partner for each of the sectors is part of the Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital initiative of NITI Aayog.
The Aayog will work in close collaboration with their state machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, hand-hold state institutions through the execution stage and provide support on a range of institutional measures to achieve the end objectives.
In fact NITI Aayog has been working to foster cooperative federalism by ranking states through health, water, education and agricultural indices.
Do you know about Umbrella Scheme and its benefits?
States selected by NITI Aayog for transformative change in Health and Education sectors
- NITI Aayog has selected three states, namely Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Karnataka to improve healthcare delivery and major outcomes in these states.
- Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Jharkhand have been selected in the education sector for better learning outcomes.
- The chosen states have been committed to time-bound, governance reforms in both the sectors.
- A Program Management Unit to push for efficiency and efficacy in governance structures and service delivery will now be available in the six chosen States for a period of 30 months.
Do you know why SATH program is a challenging and ambitious initiative?
- SATH is a challenging and ambitious initiative because the baseline of various indicators, parameters of education and health in the States are in public domain.
- It also defines a new dimension for cooperative federalism, where NITI Aayog and its knowledge partner will actively aid implementations of their recommendations.
- From the day of signing of the MoU, all stakeholders will be under pressure to initiate reforms or processes which will show improvement in education and learning outcomes.
What are the metrics used for the success of the program?
Metrics like MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), IMR (infant mortality rate), incidence of malaria and others have been considered for determining the potential impact while the density of doctors and nurses, compliance to IPHS (Indian Public Health Standards) norms are some of the metrics used to determine likelihood of success.
It is expected that focused attention and support from the premier think tank will lead to a marked transformation and also provide a model for other States to replicate and adapt.
The program will be implemented by the Aayog along with McKinsey and Company and IPE Global consortium, who were selected through a competitive bidding process.
From the above it is clear that SATH program is a major push to competitive, cooperative federalism, of NITI Aayog with the partnership of three States to transform their Health and Education sectors.