The National Medical Commission bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha by Health and Family Welfare Minister, JP Nadda. If this bill is passed in the Lok Sabha, then the Medical Council of India (MCI) will be replaced by the National Medical Commission (NMC). Do you know that the work related to the registration of medical education, medical institutes and doctors in India so far was the responsibility of the Medical Council of India (MCI). But after the passage of this bill, all the above mentioned policies will come into the hands of NMC. After the doctor’s strike this bill has been handed over to the Standing Committee. Let us study about the National Medical Commission Bill and its impact through this article.
What is the National Medical Commission Bill?
The NMC will have the provision of making four autonomous boards. It will be 25 member body, appointed by the Central Government. It will include representatives from Indian Council of Medical Research, and Directorate General of Health Services. There will be a search committee which will recommend names for the post of Chairperson to the central government. The maximum term for these posts will be of 4 years, and will not be eligible for extension or reappointment.
The job of this commission will be to look after the undergraduate and postgraduate student’s education, frame the policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals; will assess the requirements of health care related human resources and infrastructure. As, per the bill, it will frame guidelines for the determination of fees for up to 40% of the seats in private medical institutions and deemed universities.
The provisions of the National Medical Commission Bill are:
1. Four autonomous boards: There is a provision for making four autonomous boards under the National Medical Commission Bill 2017. It will look after the undergraduate and post-graduate student’s education, with the recognition of medical institutions and the arrangement of doctor’s registration. The Chairman and Members will be nominated by the Government in the commission and in the boards the members will be kept through the search committee. This will be made under the supervision of Cabinet Secretary.
2. Medical Advisory Council: A Council will be constituted by the Central Government, in which states will be given an opportunity to express their problems and suggestions regarding medical education and training. Also, this council will suggest medical commission about the making of medical education accessible.
3. For admission examination is must: According to this bill, only one examination will be taken for admission in Medical Institutes across India and this examination will be named as NEET, which means the National-Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test.
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4. National Licentiate Examination will be conducted: It is also proposed to conduct a National Licentiate Examination for the students graduating from medical institutions to obtain a license to practice. It will serve as the basis for admission into the post-graduate courses at medical institutions.
5. For Medical Institution fees will be decided: This commission will also decide the fees of private medical institutions, but only for 40 per cent seats and for the rest 60 per cent seats private institutions can decide themselves. It can be said that as, per the bill, it will frame guidelines for the determination of fees for up to 40% of the seats in private medical institutions and deemed universities.
6. Proposal of Bridge Course: According to the Clause 49 of the bill, practitioners of Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Greek medicine doctors will get the license to prescribe allopathic drugs after they have passed a bridge course.
7. What is the 58 clause of the bill: The Medical Council of India (MCI) will be over by the passage of this bill and after giving the salary and allowances of three months to the employees and officers working on it, their services will also be terminated.
8. According to this bill, how will the appointment be made: Officers of Medical Council of India were appointed by the process of election, but in the NMC members will be nominated by a committee constituted by the government.
What will be the impact after the passing of this bill?
If this bill will pass then it will frame the guidelines for the determination of fee for up to 40% of the seats in the private medical institutions and deemed universities. But earlier it was 15% only. According to KK Agarwal, former president of IMA, alternative medical medicine, homeopathy, Ayurveda, Greek, Ayush Doctors, will also be allowed to practice Modern Medicine i.e. allopathy, through the Bridge Course Proposal. However, at least MBBS qualification is necessary for this. After the implementation of this law, only one examination will be conducted for the admission to medical institutions across India. This examination has been named as NEET (National-Eligibility-cum Entrance-Test). For this, after the graduation, doctors will have to give just one examination and only then they will get the license of medical practice. Based on this examination, admission for post graduation will be conducted.
From the above article we have learnt that what is the National Medical Commission Bill, what are the provisions of the bill and what effect it will have on medical institutions and society.