1. Home
  2. |  
  3. CBSE Board |  

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2018 – 2019

Apr 20, 2018 11:34 IST
    CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry
    CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry

    CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus for the new academics session 2018 - 2019 is available here. It contains complete details about the course structure, list of practicals, project work and prescribed books.

    CBSE Class 12 students having Chemistry as one of their subjects are advised to go through the complete syllabus before starting the preparation for the board exam.

    All the topics given in this syllabus are available in Class 12 Chemistry NCERT textbook. Class 12 Students are also advised to solve NCERT Exemplar besides studying NCERT textbook.

    The key contents of this syllabus are:

    • Name of the Units and their weightage in Board Exam

    • Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

    • Practicals: Evaluation Scheme and Syllabus

    • Project work

    • Prescribed books

    Important portions of CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus are given below:

    Name of the Units and their weightage in the Board Exam

    Unit No.


    No. of Periods


    Unit I

    Solid State



    Unit II



    Unit III



    Unit IV

    Chemical Kinetics


    Unit V

    Surface Chemistry


    Unit VI

    Isolation of Elements



    Unit VII

    p-Block Elements


    Unit VIII

    d- and f-Block Elements


    Unit IX

    Coordination Compounds


    Unit X

    Haloalkanes and Haloarenes



    Unit XI

    Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers


    Unit XII

    Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids


    Unit XIII

    Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen


    Unit XIV



    Unit XV



    Unit XVI

    Chemistry in Everyday Life






    Details of topics and sub-topics to be covered in each unit

    Unit I: Solid State

    Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.

    Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n & p type semiconductors.

    CBSE Class 12th Chemistry Notes: All Chapters

    Unit II: Solutions

    Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factor.

    Unit III: Electrochemistry

    Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and emf of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.

    Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics

    Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenious equation.

    Unit V: Surface Chemistry

    Adsorption - physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogenous and heterogeneous activity and selectivity; enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion - types of emulsions.

    Unit VI: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

    Principles and methods of extraction - concentration, oxidation, reduction - electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

    Unit VII: p - Block Elements

    Group 15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Nitrogen, preparation properties & uses ; compounds of Nitrogen, preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric acid, Oxides of Nitrogen (Structure only) ; Phosphorus - allotropic forms, compounds of Phosphorus: preparation and properties of Phosphine, Halides and Oxoacids (elementary idea only).

    Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties,dioxygen: Preparation, Properties and uses, classification of oxides, Ozone, Sulphure -allotropic forms; compounds of sulphure: Preparation properties and uses of sulphur-dioxide, sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).

    Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).

    Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

    Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements

    General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals - metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

    Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

    Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.

    Unit IX: Coordination Compounds

    Coordination compounds - Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereo isomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion, extraction of metals and biological system).

    Unit X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

    Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation.

    Haloarenes: Nature of C -X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only.

    Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

    Unit XI: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.

    Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols.

    Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.

    Unit XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

    Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of Nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in Aldehydes: uses.

    Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

    Unit XIII: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen

    Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.

    Cyanides and Isocyanides - will be mentioned at relevant places in context.

    Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

    Unit XIV: Biomolecules

    Carbohydrates - Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccahrides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates.

    Proteins - Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones - Elementary idea excluding structure.

    Vitamins - Classification and functions.

    Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA.

    Unit XV: Polymers

    Classification - natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization, some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon polyesters, bakelite, rubber. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

    Unit XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

    Chemicals in medicines - analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.

    Chemicals in food - preservations, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.

    Cleansing agents - soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

    Practicals: Evaluation Scheme and Syllabus                                                 (Total Periods 60)

    Volumetric Analysis


    Salt Analysis


    Content Based Experiment


    Project Work


    Class record and Viva



    30 Marks

    Practical Syllabus

    Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments.  Wherever possible, such techniques should be used.

    A. Surface chemistry

    (a) Preparation of one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol

    Lyophilic sol - starch, egg albumin and gum

    Lyophobic sol- aluminium hydroxide, ferric hydroxide, arsenous sulphide.

    (b) Dialysis of sol-prepared in (a) above.

    (c) Study of the role of emulsifying agents in stabilizing the emulsion of different oils.

    B. Chemical Kinetics

    (a) Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of reaction between Sodium Thiosulphate and Hydrochloric acid.

    (b) Study of reaction rates of any one of the following:

    (i) Reaction of Iodide ion with Hydrogen Peroxide at room temperature using different concentration of Iodide ions.

    (ii) Reaction between Potassium lodate, (KIO3,) and Sodium Sulphite: (Na2SO3,) using starch solution as indicator (clock reaction).

    C. Thermochemistry

    Any one of the following experiments

    i) Enthalpy of dissolution of Copper Sulphate or Potassium Nitrate.

    ii) Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid (HCl) and strong base (NaOH).

    iii) Determination of enthalpy change during interaction (Hydrogen bond formation) between Acetone and Chloroform.

    D. Electrochemistry

    Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn2+ || Cu2+/Cu with change in concentration of electrolytes (CuSO4 or ZnSO4) at room temperature.

    E. Chromatography

    i) Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of Rf values.

    ii) Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only (constituents having large difference in Rf values to be provided).

    F. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds

    i) Preparation of double salt of Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate or Potash Alum.

    ii) Preparation of Potassium Ferric Oxalate.

    G. Preparation of Organic Compounds

    Preparation of any one of the following compounds

    i) Acetanilide

    ii) Di -benzal Acetone

    iii) p-Nitroacetanilide

    iv) Aniline yellow or 2 - Naphthol Aniline dye.

    H. Tests for the functional groups present in organic compounds:

    Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic and amino (Primary) groups.

    I. Characteristic tests of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in pure samples and their detection in given food stuffs.

    J. Determination of concentration? Molarity of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of:

    i) Oxalic acid,

    ii) Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate

    (Students will be required to prepare standard solutions by weighing themselves).

    K. Qualitative analysis

    Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt.

    Cation ‒ Pb2+, Cu2+ As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+ , Zn2+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+

    Anions ‒ CO3 2‒, S2‒, SO32‒, SO42‒, NO2, NO3, Cl, Br, I, PO43‒, C2O42‒, CH3COO

    (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)

    Project Work

    Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.

    A few suggested Projects.

    • Study of the presence of oxalate ions in guava fruit at different stages of ripening.

    • Study of quantity of casein present in different samples of milk.

    • Preparation of soyabean milk and its comparison with the natural milk with respect to curd formation, effect of temperature, etc.

    • Study of the effect of Potassium Bisulphate as food preservative under various conditions (temperature, concentration, time, etc.)

    • Study of digestion of starch by salivary amylase and effect of pH and temperature on it.

    • Comparative study of the rate of fermentation of following materials: wheat flour, gram flour, potato juice, carrot juice, etc.

    • Extraction of essential oils present in Saunf (aniseed), Ajwain (carum), Illaichi (cardamom).

    • Study of common food adulterants in fat, oil, butter, sugar, turmeric power, chilli powder and pepper.

    Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen with the approval of the teacher.

    Prescribed books

    (1) Chemistry Part-I, Class-XII, Published by NCERT.

    (2) Chemistry Part-II, Class-XII, Published by NCERT.

    Download CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2018 – 2019

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK

    Register to view Complete PDF