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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 3 May 2017

May 3, 2017 11:47 IST

    current affairs 3 May 2017

    Current affairs and issues on the economic and political structure of the nation form the central part of the IAS exam. In IAS prelims exam, MCQs and questions based on current affairs should be given priority.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 2 May 2017

    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. Consider the following statements regarding the newly launched One IP-Two Dispensaries scheme:

    1) Under One IP- Two Dispensaries scheme, the Insured Person (IP) is given an option to choose two dispensaries, one for self and another for the family through an employer.

    2) It is launched under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Ministry of Labour and Employment launched the scheme One IP- Two Dispensaries on the occasion of International Labour Day recently.
    Under One IP- Two Dispensaries scheme, the Insured Person (IP) is given an option to choose two dispensaries, one for self and another for the family through an employer. This will benefit all IPs, especially migrant workers who are working in other than home State, while their families are living in their native States.

    Because of non-availability of the option of the second dispensary, the dependent members of the family are often deprived of medical benefits. By introducing the concept of ‘One IP- Two Dispensaries’, IP, as well as their family members, would now be able to get treatment from either of the dispensaries and in the case of emergency from any ESI Institution.

    ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

    2. Recently, researchers have successfully generated cartilage tissue using a 3D bio-printer. Which type of stem cells was used in this process?

    a. Embryonic stem cells
    b. Pluripotent stem cells
    c.  progenitor cells
    d. None of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Researchers have successfully generated cartilage tissue using a 3D bio-printer, an advance that could lead to new treatments for osteoarthritis. The advance represents a giant step forward in the ability to generate new, endogenous cartilage tissue. The team used cartilage cells harvested from patients who underwent knee surgery, and these cells were then manipulated in a laboratory, causing them to rejuvenate and revert into “pluripotent” stem cells — cells that have the potential to develop into many different types of cells.

    Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialised cells and can divide to produce more stem cells. In mammals, there are two broad types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells, which are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and adult stem cells, which are found in various tissues.

    In adult organisms, stem cells and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body, replenishing adult tissues. In a developing embryo, stem cells can differentiate into all the specialised cells—ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm (see induced pluripotent stem cells)—but also maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs, such as blood, skin, or intestinal tissues.

    Union Budget 2017 Questions for IAS Exam

    3. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) has recently finalised norms for issuance and listing of green bonds. Consider the following statements regarding the green bonds:

    1) Green bonds are like any other Debt instrument.
    2) The issuer of a green bond states that capital is being raised to fund ‘green’ projects.
    3) Green bonds are issued by RBI only.

    Which of the above statements is true?

    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    A green bond is very similar to any bond which is a debt instrument with which an entity raises money from investors. The only difference is that the issuer of a green bond publicly states that capital is being raised to fund ‘green’ projects, which typically include those relating to renewable energy, emission reductions etc.

    Green bonds are issued by multilateral agencies such as the World Bank, corporations, government agencies and municipalities. Institutional investors and pension funds also have an appetite for such bonds.

    4. Recently, the Ministry of Skill Development has invited suggestions from the public on the Sharada Prasad Committee. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    I. The Sharda Committee was constituted by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship for Rationalisation and Optimisation of the Functioning of the Sector Skill Councils.

    II. Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) are mandated to ensure that skill development effort being made by all the stakeholders are in accordance with the actual needs of the industry and develop National Occupational Standards/Competency Standards and Qualification Packs (QPs).

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    a. Only I
    b. Only II
    c. Both I and II
    d. Neither I nor II

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Skill Development has invited comments/ suggestions of the public on the Sharada Prasad Committee constituted to Review, Rationalise and Optimise the Functioning of Sector Skill Councils.

    Sector Skill Councils (SSCs) are industry led and industry governed bodies which have been mandated to ensure that skill development effort being made by all the stakeholders are in accordance with the actual needs of the industry and develop National Occupational Standards/Competency Standards and Qualification Packs (QPs).

    Presently, the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has approved the formation of 40 SSCs in different Sectors. In order to ensure convergence and optimal functioning of SSCs as per mandate were given under the National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, it was decided to constitute a Committee to review the functioning of the SSCs and provide a roadmap for their harmonious growth so as to ensure effective development of the skilling ecosystem.

    5. Recently, the ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ has been released which confirmed that the efforts being made under Swachh Bharat Mission. Consider the following statements regarding the Swachh Survekshan-2017:

    I. The Ministry of Urban Development started the “Swachh Survekshan” survey, the ranking of cities on cleanliness and other aspects of urban sanitation.

    II. The performance evaluation of the Swachh survekshan is conducted by Quality Council of India (QCI).

    Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?

    a. Only I
    b. only II
    c. I and II
    d. All of the above

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The largest ever Sample Survey of over 18 lakh citizens has revealed that sanitation in cities and towns of the country has substantially improved during the last one year, confirming that the ‘Swachh Bharat’ buzz is making a difference on ground with people clearly perceiving a change for the better. Results of the ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ have confirmed that the efforts being made under Swachh Bharat Mission have made a positive impact on cleanliness situation in urban areas.

    In order to foster a healthy competition between cities for improving cleanliness standards, the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) started the “Swachh Survekshan” survey, ranking of cities on cleanliness and other aspects of urban sanitation, in 2016 which ranked 73 cities in the country. On the same lines, MoUD has initiated “Swachh Survekshan” 2017 which will conduct a survey to rank 500 cities of India.

    The performance evaluation of the Swachh survekshan is conducted by Quality Council of India (QCI), an autonomous body established by Government of India in 1997 for Quality assurance in all spheres of activities including Governance.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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