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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 12 July 2017

Jul 12, 2017 15:30 IST

    IAS Prelims 2018 Current Affairs Study Material July 2017= Through this article, we have provided current affairs quizzes for the preparation of IAS Prelims Exam 2018. The given current affairs questions are very important for IAS Prelims Exam. The questions have the same pattern of UPSC IAS Prelims Exam.
    1.    The Karnataka Government constituted a nine-member committee to study the possibility of designing a separate state flag. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements.
    1)    The Constitutional provisions provide for separate flag for a State with the prior approval of the President.
    2)    Jammu and Kashmir is the only State in the country that has a separate flag of its own.
    3)    Flag Code of India, 2002 mentions the manner in which other flags are hoisted along with the national flag.
    Which of the above statements is/are true?
    a)    1 and 2 only
    b)    2 and 3 only
    c)    1 and 3 only
    d)    1, 2 and 3
    Answer. (b) 2 and 3 only
    Explanation

    The Constitution of India doesn’t prohibit a State from having its own flag. At the same time, it doesn’t explicitly authorize a State government to have a flag of its own. Besides, there is neither a separate central law, nor any State laws dealing with the issue.
    However, the Constitution gives exception to Jammu and Kashmir in this matter. Under the Article 370, which grants special status to the State, Jammu and Kashmir is entitled to have a flag of its own.
    Flag Code of India, 2002 provides the basic framework for the manner in which the national flag is handled on a day-to-day basis. The code allows the use of other flags subject to the regulation by the court. It does not mention anything about separate state flag. However, it clearly mentions that the other flags should not dishonour the national flag. They have to be always below the national flag.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 10 July 2017

    2.    Which of the following has become the first State to fix minimum educational qualification for contesting elections to cooperative bodies?
    a)    Rajasthan
    b)    Madhya Pradesh
    c)    Telangana
    d)    Karnataka
    Ans. (a) Rajasthan
    Explanation
    On 10 July 2017, Rajasthan has become the first in the country to fix educational qualification for contesting elections to village cooperative societies and various other cooperative bodies. In this regard, the government of the State has amended State Cooperative Societies Rules, 2003.
    The educational qualifications will range from Class V to Class VIII. The minimum qualifications for the primary committee members will be class VIII, for district-level committees, it will be class X and graduation for the state level committee.
    Previously, in March 2015, Rajasthan became the first State in the country to fix a minimum educational qualification for contesting elections to the Panchayati Raj Institutions.
    The Rajasthan Panchayati Raj (amendment) Act, 2015 made Class VIII pass mandatory for the post of sarpanch — except in tribal reserved areas, where the minimum qualification is Class V — and Class X for Zila Parishad or Panchayat Samiti elections. Besides, the amendemt Act  makes a functional toilet mandatory in the house of a contestant.
    3.    India’s second case/instance of Zika virus was reported in Tamil Nadu recently. Against this backdrop, consider the following statements related to the Zika virus.
    1)    Zika virus is a vector borne disease transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
    2)    As the Aedes mosquito can fly more than 40 kms, the chances of spread of the disease from region to region is high.
    3)    The virus causes Guillain-Barré syndrome, which is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the nervous system.
    Which of the above statements is/are true?
    a)    1 and 2 only
    b)    2 and 3 only
    c)    1 and 3 only
    d)    1,2 and 3
    Ans. (c) 1 and 3 only
    Explanation
    Zika virus occurs in tropical areas with large mosquito populations and is known to circulate in Africa, the Americas, Southern Asia and Western Pacific. The virus was discovered in 1947, but for many years only sporadic human cases were detected in Africa and Southern Asia.
    In 2007, the first documented outbreak of Zika virus disease occurred in the Pacific. Since 2013, cases and outbreaks of the disease have been reported from the Western Pacific, the Americas and Africa. In May 2017, WHO confirmed India’s first cases in Ahmedabad.
    People catch Zika virus by being bitten by an infected Aedes mosquito – the same type of mosquito that spreads dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. The Aedes mosquito is a weak flyer; it cannot fly more than 400 meters. But it may inadvertently be transported by humans from one place to another, for example in the back of the car and plants.
    During the first outbreak of Zika from 2013 - 2014 in French Polynesia, which also coincided with an ongoing outbreak of dengue, national health authorities reported an unusual increase in Guillain-Barré syndrome. It is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the nervous system. It can be caused by a number of viruses and can affect people of any age.
    4.    For the first time in history, scientists from New Zealand announced that they have achieved a major breakthrough in developing vaccine to Gonorrhea. Consider the statements related to the disease.
    1)    Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
    2)    It can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during delivery.
    3)    Gonorrhea causes arthritis, skin problems and other organ infections.
    Which of the above statements is/are true?
    a)    1 and 2 only
    b)    2 and 3 only
    c)    1 and 3 only
    d)    1,2 and 3
    Ans. (d) 1,2 and 3
    Explanation
    Gonorrhea is an infection that is spread through sexual contact with another person. The gonorrhea germs are found in the mucous areas of the body (the vagina, penis, throat and rectum). Any sexually active person can be infected with gonorrhea. Most often, gonorrhea is found in younger people (ages 15-30) who have multiple sex partners. Gonorrhea is reported more frequently from urban areas than from rural areas.
    Gonorrhea is spread through sexual contact. This includes penis to vagina, penis to mouth, penis to rectum and mouth to vagina contact. Gonorrhea can also be spread from mother to child during birth.
    Gonorrhea is treated with penicillin or other antibiotics in pill form or by injection into the buttocks. All strains of gonorrhea are curable but this disease is becoming more and more resistant to many standard medications.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 11 July 2017

    5.    India will soon join Global Foreign Exchange Committee (GFXC). Against this backdrop, consider the following statements related to GFXC.
    1)    It was established by the G20 in May 2017 in London.
    2)    It seeks to promote collaboration and communication among the local FXCs and non-GFXC jurisdictions with significant FX markets
    3)    It will also maintain and update ‘Global Code of Conduct for the Foreign Exchange Markets’ issued by Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
    Which of the above statements is/are true?
    a)    1 and 2 only
    b)    2 and 3 only
    c)    1 and 3 only
    d)    1,2 and 3
    Ans. (b) 2 and 3 only
    Explanation
    About GFXC
    •    The Global Foreign Exchange Committee (GFXC) was set up under guidance of the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), an international financial organisation.
    •    The GFXC was established in London during a meeting in May 2017 of public and private sector representatives from the foreign exchange committees (FXCs) of 16 international forex trading centres.
    •    The newly expanded and formalised GFXC, replaces a similar but more informal organisation of eight FXCs - Australia, Euro area, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, UK and the USA.
    •    The committee will include representatives from existing, or soon to be established FXCs or similar structures in China, India, Brazil, Korea, Mexico, South Africa, Sweden and Switzerland.
    Objectives of GFXC
    •    To promote collaboration and communication among the local FXCs and non-GFXC jurisdictions with significant FX markets
    •    To facilitate exchange views on trends and developments in global FX markets, including on the structure and functioning of those markets, drawing on information gathered at the various FXCs
    •    To promote, maintain and update on a regular basis the FX Global Code (the Code) and consider good practices regarding effective mechanisms to support adherence. The committee will also maintain and update ‘Global Code of Conduct for the Foreign Exchange Markets’ issued by the BIS.  
    About Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
    •    It is an international financial organisation owned by 60 member central banks, representing countries from around the world including India.
    •    It fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks.
    •    The BIS carries out its work through its meetings, programmes and through the Basel Process – hosting international groups pursuing global financial stability and facilitating their interaction.
    •    Its headquarter is located in Basel, Switzerland.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2017

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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