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Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 28 February 2017

Feb 28, 2017 12:44 IST

    current affairs 28th FebruaryThe Importance of Current Affairs in ias exam is immense. Aspirants should study in depth to understand the significance of current affairs for UPSC.

    Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2017: 27 February 2017

    Current affair in the IAS prelims exam has achieved greater significance in the last few years. This is the most critical part of ias prelims as well as ias mains Exam. In fact, all the questions in ias exams are drafted around current affairs.

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    We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2017 to help you gain a better perception of how questions can be asked in the examination.

    1. Recently, the cabinet had approved the investment proposal for generation of Hydro Electric Project in Nepal. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1) The project is located on Tsangpo (The Brahmaputra River name in Nepal) River of Eastern Nepal.
    2) The project will provide surplus power to India strengthening power availability in the country.
    3) The Indian states that form a border with Nepal are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, west Bengal and Sikkim.

    Which of the above statements is correct?

    a.    1 and 2
    b.    2 and 3
    c.    1 and 3
    d.    1, 2 and 3

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Cabinet has approved the investment proposal for generation component of Arun-3 Hydro Electric Project in Nepal by SJVN Limited, a Central Public Sector Enterprises of Government of India.

    The project is located on Arun River in Sankhuwasabha District of Eastern Nepal. The Run-of-River scheme envisages about 70 mt. high concrete gravity dam and Head Race Tunnel (HRT) of 11.74 Km with underground Power House containing four generating units of 225 MW each on Left Bank.

    The project will provide surplus power to India strengthening power availability in the country and will also strengthen economic linkages with Nepal. The power from the project shall be exported from Dhalkebar in Nepal to Muzaffarpur in India.

    SJVN limited bagged the project through International Competitive Bidding. A MoU was signed between Government of Nepal and SJVN Limited for the project in March 2008 for execution on Build Own Operate and Transfer (BOOT) basis for a period of 30 years including five years of construction period.

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    2. Recently, the forest officials in Munnar have spotted two critically endangered impatiens plant species on the peripheries of the Eravikulam National Park. Consider the following statements regarding this:

    1) Impatiens Mankulamensis and Impatiens Panduramgani are the two newly discovered species whose names are included in the critically endangered category of the IUCN.
    2) Impatiens are seen in pristine forests where moisture content and relative humidity are Low.
    3) The Eravikulam National Park and the Mankulam forest division are surrounded by sholas.

    Which of the following statements is true?

    a. 1 and 3
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 2
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    In a major breakthrough in eco-conservation, forest officials in Munnar have spotted two critically endangered impatiens plant species on the peripheries of the Eravikulam National Park.

    Impatiens, also called jewelweeds, is seen in pristine forests where moisture content and relative humidity are high. The Eravikulam National Park and the Mankulam forest division are surrounded by sholas.

    Two new species of balsams (impatiens) have been discovered by the officials from the shola forests on the periphery of the park and Mankulam with the help of scientists. The Munnar-Mankulam landscape is famous for impatiens varieties, one of which was Impatiens travancorica that were spotted some time ago.

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    3. Recently, India has signed a bilateral cooperation through cinema with which of the following countries?

    a. Ukraine
    b. Russia
    c. Germany
    d. South Africa

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    India and Ukraine have agreed to strengthen the bilateral cooperation between the two countries through the medium of Cinema. The cooperation would be worked out through a policy and institutional framework to showcase films through the medium of Film Festivals and utilising the Film Facilitation Office platform established in India.

    After the agreement, India would extend all possible support to promote exchange programs between public broadcasters of the two countries, content creation, screening and distribution of films.

    The possibility of translating programs and content and providing subtitles in the respective languages of both the countries was also discussed with respect to the Public Broadcasters of both the countries.

    4. As the smuggling networks strengthen, India continues to bear the ignominy of being the source of the illegal trade and export of tortoises and freshwater turtles (TFT). Consider the following statements in this regard:

    1) 28 species of tortoises and freshwater turtles are found in India.
    2) Turtles act as scavengers of cleaning up water bodies and generally are used as indicators of river health.
    3)  The National Mission for Clean Ganga envisages breeding and release of turtles to clean wetlands.

    Which of the following statements is true?

    a. 1 and 3
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 2
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    According to a report, India continues to bear the ignominy of being the source of the illegal trade and export of tortoises and freshwater turtles (TFT). The detection of a staggering 58,442 smuggled amphibians over five years, demonstrates the persistence of the illegal trade despite increasing enforcement.

    Within India, the Gangetic Plains accounted for 46% of all seizures, with Lucknow and Kanpur being major hubs. Researchers said this was linked to tightening of the enforcement (including an active Special Task Force) in Uttar Pradesh and the Gangetic belt. There is a tradition of turtle poaching in this area given the diversity of the TFT population along the river.

    Turtles form an important part of the reference system, acting as scavengers in cleaning up water bodies and generally being indicators of river health. Ironically, the National Mission for Clean Ganga envisages breeding and release of turtles to clean wetlands, even as poaching and trade continue across the Gangetic belt.

    Apart from the Ganga and its tributaries, TFTs have been poached in rivers of the Western Ghats and, in smaller numbers, in the Eastern Ghats. The cities of Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata have seen large-scale seizures, suggesting accumulation before export, the researchers said.

    Current Issues and Events

    5. In which of the following cities, India’s first heliport has been opened recently?

    a. Mumbai
    b. Delhi
    c. Bangalore
    d. Chennai

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    The first heliport in India is built by state-owned Pawan Hans Ltd in the northern part of the country’s capital, is set to become functional next week, a year after successfully undergoing trial runs. The heliport, set up in the Rohini area of North Delhi, consists of a terminal building having the capacity of 150 passengers, 4 hangars with the parking capacity of 16 helicopters and 9 parking bays. Besides, it has maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility also for the upkeep of the Pawan Hans fleet as well as for third-party maintenance work.

    The Rohini heliport facility is India’s first integrated facility for rotor wing aircraft, including their landing and takeoff. It has a terminal building that can cater to 150 passengers per day besides separate air traffic control (ATC), fire and fuelling services.  Pawan Hans had successfully carried out trial sorties from the heliport in February last year and had planned to go for full-scale chopper operations from May.

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