English Vocabulary: प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं में अक्सर पूछे जाते हैं ये 50 शब्द

IBPS, SBI, RRB, NABARD में भर्ती के लिए आयोजित होने वाली परीक्षाओं के लिए English Vocabulary (अंग्रेजी शब्दावली) के 50 महत्वपूर्ण शब्द यहां पर उपलब्ध हैं.

Important English Vocabulary for Competitive Exams
Important English Vocabulary for Competitive Exams

IBPS, SBI, RRB, NABARD में भर्ती के लिए आयोजित होने वाली परीक्षाओं के लिए English Vocabulary (अंग्रेजी शब्दावली) के 50 महत्वपूर्ण शब्द यहां पर उपलब्ध हैं. विभिन्न सरकारी पदों पर भर्ती के लिए आयोजित होने वाली परीक्षाओं (आईबीपीएस, एसबीआई, आरआरबी, एसएससी, रेलवे इत्यादि) में अक्सर इन शब्दों के ऊपर सवाल पूछे जाते हैं.

यूं तो अंग्रेजी शब्दावली में 1 मिलियन से भी ज़्यादा शब्द हैं. पर अगर प्रतियोगी परीक्षाओं की बात करें तो English Vocabulary में कुछ शब्द ऐसे होते हैं जिनकी एग्जाम में पूछें जाने की संभावना काफी अधिक रहती है.  

इस आर्टिकल में हमने एक्सपर्ट्स से बात करके English Vocabulary के 50 महत्वपूर्ण शब्दों के बारे में बताया है और यह बहुत हद तक संभव है इस साल आयोजित होने वाली वभिन्न परीक्षाओं में इन शब्दों के ऊपर प्रत्यक्ष या अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से सवाल पूछे जाएं.

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इस लेख में 50 महत्वपूर्ण शब्दों के अर्थ (Meaning), उनके समानार्थक शब्द (Synonyms), विलोम शब्द (Antonym) और उन पर आधारित वाक्य (Sentence) भी मिलेंगे.

ये 50 महत्वपूर्ण शब्द कुछ इस प्रकार हैं:

1. Modalities (noun) तौर-तरीकाA Specific mode in which something is expressed or is experienced something exists

Synonym: methods, procedures, processes, approaches

Antonym: Chaos, anarchy, differences

Sentence: The bureaucrats are the persons who work out the modalities after an agreement is signed by countries on an international forum.

बैंक भर्ती परीक्षाओं के लिए स्पेलिंग मिस्टेक के प्रश्नों को हल करने के आसन और बेहद असरदार तरीके

2. Cognizant (adjective) जानकार: Having knowledge or awareness

Synonym: Aware, conscious, apprised, informed, observant

Antonym: Ignorant, indifferent, senseless

Sentence: She is cognizant of her responsibilities as the sales head of the organisation.

3. Contours (noun) रूप-रेखा: The broad outline of something, a way in something varies

Synonym: Outline, shape, form, blueprint

Antonym: Similarity, uniformity

Sentence: She traced the contours of his face with her finger.

4. Predicament (noun) कठिन परिस्थिति: A difficult, unpleasing or embarrassing situation

Synonym: Circumstances, crisis, deadlock, dilemma

Antonym: Advantage, Benefit, Agreement, Blessing

Sentence: The century-old club’s financial predicament is not a sudden one as the signs of the same were evident even a decade ago.

5. Unanimously (adverb) निर्विवादित: Without opposition / with the approval of all the people involved

Synonym: Collectively, commonly, consistently

Antonym: Differently, divergently, oppositely

Sentence: The standing committee has decided to pass the bill unanimously after a marathon round of discussion.

6. Precious (adjective) बहुमूल्य: of great value

Synonyms: Adored, cherished, beloved, dear

Antonyms: Cheap, common, impaired, deficient

Sentence: The exhibition at the gallery has many precious works of art on display.

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7. Unravelled (verb) सुलझाना: investigated or solved and explained something complicated and difficult / undo twisted or knotted or woven threads

Synonym: Deciphered, undid, resolved, solved

Antonym: Entangled, questioned, wondered, joined

Sentence: The police are attempting to unravel the cause of his death.

8. Mooted (verb) विवाद-ग्रस्त: raised a question or topic for discussion / made a suggestion regarding something

Synonym: broached, discussed, introduced

Antonym: closed, finished

Sentence: A cheaper option to upgrade the railway link between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore has been mooted to the Malaysian government.

9. Voluntary (adjective) ऐच्छिकDone, given or acting on one’s own will / done or working or maintained without any payment

Synonym: Discretionary, optional, elective

Antonym: Compulsory, mandatory, necessary

Sentence: The team made a voluntary contribution out of their own pockets to help the victims of the devastating earthquake in the country.

10. Subsume (verb) शामिल करना: Include or absorb something in something else

Synonym: include, classify, contain, involve

Antonym: exclude

Sentence: Most of these phenomena can be subsumed into two broad categories mainly.

11. Discarded (verb) अलग: Got rid of something or someone as no longer desirable or useful

Synonym: Rejected, damaged, abandoned, relinquished

Antonym: Cherished, worthwhile, kept

Sentence: All his theories regarding black hole have been discarded by the scientists all over the world.

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12. Penance (noun) प्रायश्चित: Punishment inflicted on oneself for expressing repentance for any wrongdoing of one’s own.

Synonym: Atonement, Expiation, Reparation

Antonym: happiness, joy, reward

Sentence: He had done public penance for those hasty words.

13. Hooliganism (noun) गुंडागिरी: Disruptive or unlawful behavior such as rioting, vandalism, bullying etc

Synonym: Rowdiness, disorganization, disruption

Antonym: Continuation, peace, assistance, beginning

Sentence: The party cadres resorted to hooliganism when their demands were not met in the meeting by the government.

14. Fading (verb) लुप्त होना: gradually grow faint or disappear/come or cause to come gradually into or out of view (about a television image or a film)

Synonym: evanescent, dying. Paling, declining

Antonym: emerging, developing, reviving

Sentence: The fame of the city was fading at that time as the hub of international business arbitration centre and another place had been identified for the same by then.

15. Anticipate (verb) पूर्वानुमान: regard as probable / expect or predict

Synonym: Expect, foresee, predict, prophesy

Antonym: Doubt, be surprised, confirm

Sentence: She anticipated scorn on her return to the theatre after so many years in the mainstream movies.

16. Presume (verb) मानना: Suppose that something is the case on the basis of probability / be arrogant or impatient enough to do something

Synonym: Surmise, guess, believe, assume

Antonym: Calculate, doubt, measure

Sentence: I presume that the man had been escorted from the building safely.

17. Disruptive (adjective) विध्वंसकारक: Causing or tending to cause disruption

Synonym: disturbing, rowdy, troublesome, unruly

Antonym: calming, disciplined, soothing

Sentence: Bringing a disruptive technological innovation in the market is never easy for a startup company in the present era of fierce competition in every field.

18. Precipitate (adjective) जल्दबाज़: done, made or acting suddenly or without careful consideration

Synonym: Hasty, rash, rushed

Antonym: Deliberate, gradual, leisurely

Sentence: I must apologize for my staff – their actions were precipitate.

19. Consensus (noun) सर्वसम्मति: A general agreement

Synonym: Harmony, accord, concord, unison

Antonym: Denial, refusal, dissension

Sentence: There is a gradually growing consensus among the general public that the current regime has failed in delivering on its promises.

20. Condemnation (noun) तिरस्कार: The expression of very strong disapproval/the act of condemning someone to a punishment or sentencing

Synonym: damnation, reproach

Antonym: compliment, acquittal, absolution

Sentence: There has been a strong condemnation of the attack on civilians by the Army of the country in the name of ethnic cleansing.

21. Denunciation (noun) निंदा: public condemnation of someone or something/informing against someone.

Synonym: Indictment, accusation, censure, disapproval

Antonym: Appreciation, exculpation, exoneration

Sentence: His family members reacted in support of denunciation of his methods of achieving success in life.

22. Notion (noun) इच्छा: a conception or belief about something/an impulse or desire

Synonym: Concept, approach, assumption

Antonym: Being, concrete, reality

Sentence: His notion of being successful does not find any support from his family members

23. Startling (adjective) चौंकानेवाला: very surprising, astonishing or remarkable

Synonym: Alarming, astonishing, shocking

Antonym: Expected, certain, confirmed

Sentence: The startling discovery of new evidence in the murder case investigation has thrown new surprises to the police.

24. Denunciation (noun) निंदा: public condemnation of someone or something / informing against someone.

Synonym: Indictment, accusation, censure, disapproval

Antonym: Appreciation, exculpation, exoneration

Sentence: His family members reacted in support of denunciation of his methods of achieving success in life.

25. Embody (verb) सम्मिलित करना: Be an expression of or give a visible or tangible form to an idea, quality or feeling

Synonyms: Personify, incorporate,

Antonyms: Conceal, Exclude

Example: A national team that embodies patriotic zeal and skill can win laurels both on and off the field in any sports.

26. Cumbersome (adjective) भारी, कष्टकरHeavy or large & therefore difficult to carry or use.

Synonym: Awkward, clumsy, inconvenient

Antonym: Convenient, manageable

Sentence: His prose can be cumbersome, to say the least.

27. Foster (verb) प्रोत्साहन देनाEncourage the development of something (especially something desirable).

Synonym: Encourage, promote, further, stimulate.

Antonym: Block, cease, discourage.

Sentence: Maritza Morales has been a foster parent for over 10 years, typically to one girl at a time.

28. Fraught (Adjective) व्याकुल: causing or affected by anxiety or stress, filled with something undesirable

Synonym: charge, filled, replete

Antonym: calm

Sentence: For a company running into huge losses, it is fraught with danger to introduce new products in the market.

29.  Multitude (Noun) बड़ी संख्याA large number of people or things

Synonym: A great/large quantity, a great/large number

Antonym: Little, minority, handful

Sentence: The Harvard graduate whose skincare line is solving a multitude of problems.

30. Dormant (adjective) शिथिलHaving normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep.

Synonym: Sleeping, slumbering, resting,

Antonym: Active, alert, awake

Sentence: Grass turning brown is actually a defence mechanism, which allows them to lie dormant until rains revive them.

31. Regime (noun) हुकूमत: A system or ordered way of doing something/a government especially an authoritarian one

Synonym: system, arrangement, code, arrangement

Antonym: anarchy, disorganization

Sentence: The new regime at the centre decided to do away with subsidies in agricultural products in the country.

32. Dismantle (verb) टुकड़े टुकड़े करनाTake a machine or structure to pieces.

Synonym: Break up, Destroy, Disassemble

Antonym: Build, construct, create

Sentence: The United States believes it has North Korean leader Kim Jong-un's commitment to completely dismantle his country's nuclear weapons.

33. Resolve (verb) निश्चय करना: settle or find a solution to something debatable or contentious/decide firmly on the next course of action

Synonym: accomplish, achieve, actualize, enact

Antonym: failed, destroyed, lost

Sentence: The judges tried to resolve the issue between the two warring parties but in vain.

34. Adept (adjective) निपुणVery skilled or proficient at something

Synonym: Capable, deft, proficient, skilled

Antonym: Incapable, incompetent, ignorant

Sentence: Cassel adept at learning on the fly.

35. Impute (verb) अभियोग लगानाRepresent (something, especially something undesirable) as being done or possessed by someone.

Synonym: Assign, blame, lay

Antonym: Defend, guard, help, protect

Sentence: India is committed to respect the religious and cultural beliefs of its people and it will be inappropriate to impute any other considerations to this decision.

36. Reliant (Adjective) निर्भर: having or showing dependence on something

Synonyms: Confident, Dependent, susceptible, subservient

Antonyms: Disbelieve, Disregard, Ignore

Sentence: The whole team is too much reliant on the skipper to score runs in the slog over of a match.

37. Pretence (noun) ढोंगAn attempt to make something that is not the case appears true.

Synonyms: Putting on an act, faking.

Antonyms: Reality, honesty.

Sentence: Police in Tamale has charged the headmaster of Prince of Peace International school with defrauding by false pretences.

38. Robust (Adjective) मजबूतSturdy in construction (in case of objects); strong and rich in flavor and smell (in case of wine or food)

Synonyms: Durable, Resilient, tough, strong, long-lasting

Antonyms: Fickle, weak, frail, insipid, tasteless

Sentence: They have put in place a very robust mechanism in order to detect any kind of fraud in the system.

39. Quintessential (adjective) सर्वोत्कृष्टRepresenting the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class.

Synonyms: Prototypical, stereotypical, archetypal, classic,

Antonyms: Average, bad, deficient

Sentence: The quintessential German team is one with lots of big, strong players who are good technicians and great athletes.

40. Debility (noun) शक्तिहीनताPhysical weakness, especially as a result of illness.

Synonyms: Frailty, weakness, fatigue

Antonyms: Robustness, strength, vigor

Sentence: Gold is exceptionally good for general debility and weakness.

41. Ligature (noun) अनुबंध, बन्धनSomething that is used to bind.

Synonyms: Bond, cord, knot, link, tie

Antonyms: Detaching, unbinding, unfastening, untying

Sentence: A mental health patient died after tying a ligature around her neck in a hospital bedroom.

42. Hovered (verb) मंडराना: Remain poised uncertainly in one place or between two states.

Synonyms: loiter, hang, float, levitate

Antonyms: Relinquished, deserted, left

Sentence: The tension of the approaching final examinations was hovering over his head at that moment.

43. Acquit (verb) दोषमुक्त करना:  Free from a criminal charge by a verdict of not guilty

Synonyms: Absolve, clear, exculpate, exonerate.

Antonyms: Criminate, incriminate.

Sentence: A court in Istanbul has acquitted a rap musician of the charge of inciting drug use in his song lyrics and video clips.

44. Impasse (noun) गतिरोधA situation in which no progress is possible.

Synonyms: Deadlock, stand-off

Antonyms: Agreement, breakthrough

Sentence: Government submits details of meetings on the metro impasse.

45. Incorrigible (adjective) असंशोधनीयNot able to be changed or reformed.

Synonyms: Incurable, intractable, inveterate

Antonyms: Good, manageable, nice

Sentence: He is incorrigible loose cannon.

46. Sanguine (adjective) आशापूर्णOptimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad situation.

Synonyms: Confident, cheerful, bright

Antonyms: Depressed, gloomy, pessimistic

Sentence: Independent Advisor Alliance's chief executive officer, is also sanguine about the market's prospects.

47. Clandestine (adjective) गुप्तKept secret or done secretively, especially because illicit.

Synonyms: Covert, stealthy.

Antonyms: Authorized, honest.

Sentence: He recently explained the technical challenges involved in the hunt for clandestine sites.

48. Tasked (verb) भार सौंपना: assigned a task to somebody or made great demands on the resources of somebody

Synonyms: Assigned, entrusted, loaded

Antonym: aided, assisted, exonerated

Sentence: The new committee has been tasked by the Supreme Court to oversee all the commercial deals entered into by BCCI in the future.

49. Stabilize (verb) स्थायीकरण करना: make or become unlikely to change, fail or decline

Synonym: Balance, fix, preserve, secure, steady

Antonym: Destroy, forget, ignore, neglect

Sentence: The government recently announced an emergency programme to stabilize the ailing economy at its earliest.

50. Rogue (noun) दुष्टA dishonest or unprincipled person.

Synonyms: Cheat, cheater, criminal

Antonyms: Honest, straight

Sentence: A rogue employee who may have been working for Tesla's enemies conducted “extensive” sabotage of the company's operations.

12 Vocabulary quiz for Bank exams: Don’t miss it!

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