Union Public Service Commision(UPSC) conducted the Civil Services Main Exam 2018 at various centres across the country from 28 September 2018 to 7 October 2018. As we all know that there is only one optional subject in the Civil Services Main (written)Exam, so all the optional papers are conducted on a single day. This year it was the 7 October 2018.
Once most favourite subject among the candidates, the Public Administration is not so hot among the IAS aspirants. This downfall is the result of the standard of question paper and the marks obtained by the IAS aspirants in the Public administration subject.
This year also, the structure of the question paper was very analytical and no factual question was asked in the paper.
UPSC IAS Mains Exam 2018 - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Paper-1)
QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS
Please read each of the following Instructions carefully before attempting questions.
There are EIGHT questions divided in TWO SECTIONS and printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, any THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted panty. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.
1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
1. (a) "The scope of the discipline of Public Administration is determined by what an administrative system does." Does it mean that the scope of this discipline is boundaryless? Explain.
1.(b) "The concepts of rationality and efficiency are intertwined in the bureaucratic analysis of Max Weber." Comment.
1. (c) “New Public Service approach is an improvement over its predecessor, New Public Management." Discuss.
1. (d) "A leader is a people's developer" (Napoleon). Which aspects of subordinates' development can be positively influenced by a leader ? Discuss.
1. (e) “Herbert Simon's book Administrative Behavior presents a synthesis of the classical and behavioural approaches to the study of Public Administration." Explain.
2. (a) Dwight Waldo in his book, The Administrative State emphatically mentions that the roots of administrative theory lie in political theory. Critically examine Waldo's contention.
2.(b) “The Phenomenological Approach advocated by the New Public Administration has obstructed the path of theory building in Public Administration." Comment.
2.(c) Discuss the essential characteristics of public sector-centred and market-centred perspectives in Public Private Partnerships and also compare the two.
3. (a) Communication represents the “Nerves of Government" (Karl Deutsch). How can the communication system in the government be made more effective, responsive and motivational?
3.(b) "Political and administrative systems have reciprocal relationship.” Discuss.
3.(c) "An effective Management Information System (MIS) is the key to successful headquarter-field relationships."Comment.
4. (a) “Form of an organisation influences the success of a public enterprise, but the choice of a form has always remained problematic." Discuss the statement in the context of the comparative merits and limitations of departments, corporations, companies and boards. Give illustrations.
4.(b) "Chester Barnard's model of 'Contribution-Satisfaction Equilibrium' is still considered a logical model of organisational motivation." Do you agree? Give arguments.
4.(c) "The political approach to Public Administration stresses on the values of representativeness political responsiveness and accountability through elected officials to the citizenry" (David H. Rosembloom). Comment.
5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
5. (a) "The Journey of Administrative Law has moved much beyond A. V. Dicey.” Comment.
5.(b) Edward Gibbon, the author of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire remarked : "Corruption, the most infallible symptom of Constitutional liberty." Critically examine this statement.
5.(c) To what extent has e-governance made the administrative system more citizen-oriented ? Can it (e-governance) be made more participative ?
5.(d) "The issue of development of women is closely related to the issue of women in development." How can women become equal partners in the process of socio-economic development?
5.(e) "The process of administrative development is generally slower than the process of socio-economic development." How can the speed of administrative development be made faster ?
6. (a) In order to be development-oriented, bureaucracies need to be innovative, flexible, citizen-centric and result-oriented, but they are slow in imbibing these virtues in a democratic system. Do we need to go beyond the traditional models of bureaucracy and create alternative structures ? Elaborate.
6.(b) “Administrative values have no value unless they are valued by all stakeholders of the governance system." Comment.
6.(c) “Lateral entry is an antidote to the complacency in civil service.” Discuss.
7. (a) How does ethnocentrism impact development administration in achieving sustainable goals ? Argue with examples.
7.(b) “Monetary policy of a country can help or hinder its development process." Discuss.
7.(c) "Sound Performance Auditing is impossible without systematic Performance or Outcome Budgeting." Explain the relationship between the two.
8.(a) "Administrative systems across the world can be understood only in their respective historical and social contexts." Explain the statement giving examples.
8.(b) Currently, administrative training focusses more on improving efficiency than on transforming the attitudes and behaviour of civil servants. What type of training will you suggest to fill this gap ? Elaborate.
8.(c) "A public policy without the active involvement of people in its formulation, implementation and evaluation is only a facade." How can this anomaly be corrected ?