Questions asked from Indian Modern History section in IAS Prelims Exam are quite easy but the Civil Services aspirants need to memorise well before appearing in the exam. The Civil Services aspirants should have balanced preparation of overall three sections i.e. Ancient, Medieval and Modern, of the History and its chronology is one of the most important parts of the subject history which enable candidates to memorise well the every important aspects of history.
Following Chapter-wise Multiple Choice Questions of Indian Modern History would help Civil Services aspirants in understanding the nature of questions asked in IAS Prelims Exam.
COLONIALISM AND THE COUNTRYSIDE: Exploring Official Archives
In this chapter you will see what colonial rule meant to those who lived in the countryside. You will meet the zamindars of Bengal, travel to the Rajmahal hills where the Paharias and the Santhals lived, and then move west to the Deccan. You will look at the way the English East India Company (E.I.C.) established its raj in the countryside, implemented its revenue policies, what these policies meant to different sections of people, and how they changed everyday lives
REBELS AND THE RAJ: The Revolt of1857 and Its Representations
Late in the afternoon of 10 May 1857, the sepoys in the cantonment of Meerut broke out in mutiny. It began in the lines of the native infantry, spread very swiftly to the cavalry and then to the city. The ordinary people of the town and surrounding villages joined the sepoys. The sepoys captured the bell of arms where the arms and ammunition were kept and proceeded to attack white people, and to ransack and burn their bungalows and property. Government buildings – the record office, jail, court, post office, treasury, etc. – were destroyed and plundered. The telegraph line to Delhi was cut. As darkness descended, a group of sepoys rode off towards Delhi.
COLONIAL CITIES: Urbanisation, Planning and Architecture
In this chapter we will discuss the process of urbanisation in colonial India, explore the distinguishing characteristics of colonial cities and track social changes within them. We will look closely at developments in three big cities – Madras (Chennai), Calcutta (Kolkata) and Bombay (Mumbai).
MAHATMA GANDHI AND THE NATIONALIST MOVEMENT: Civil Disobedience and Beyond
In the history of nationalism a single individual is often identified with the making of a nation. Thus, for example, we associate Garibaldi with the making of Italy, George Washington with the American War of Independence, and Ho Chi Minh with the struggle to free Vietnam from colonial rule. In the same manner, Mahatma Gandhi has been regarded as the ‘Father’ of the Indian nation.
UNDERSTANDING PARTITION: Politics, Memories, Experiences
We know that the joy of our country’s independence from colonial rule in 1947 was tarnished by the violence and brutality of Partition. The Partition of British India into the sovereign states of India and Pakistan (with its western and eastern wings) led to many sudden developments. Thousands of lives were snuffed out, many others changed dramatically, cities changed, India changed, a new country was born, and there was unprecedented genocidal violence and migration.
FRAMING THE CONSTITUTION: The Beginning of a New Era
The Indian Constitution, which came into effect on 26 January 1950, has the dubious distinction of being the longest in the world. But its length and complexity are perhaps understandable when one considers the country’s size and diversity. At Independence, India was not merely large and diverse, but also deeply divided. A Constitution designed to keep the country together, and to take it forward, had necessarily to be an elaborate, carefully-worked-out, and painstakingly drafted document.
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