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IAS Questions for Prelims: 18 September 2017

Sep 18, 2017 14:26 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 18 September 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 18 September 2017

    The given IAS questions are based on the important news of national and international importance which is significant in terms of UPSC IAS Exam. Given IAS question has an elaborated explanation that will help IAS aspirants to prepare for IAS Mains Exam also.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. The Government of India recently decided to grant citizenship to Chakma and Hajong refugees. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The move came following an order of the Supreme Court, which in 2015 had directed the Union government to grant citizenship to the Chakma and Hajong refugees.
    2. Chakma and Hajong refugees came to India from the erstwhile East Pakistan five decades ago.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The Centre has decided to grant citizenship to around 1 lakh Chakma and Hajong refugees living in the north-eastern states in line with the directives of the Supreme Court, but the minister of state for home Kiren Rijiju assured that the government would ensure that the rights of indigenous people are not diluted.

    Chakmas and Hajongs were originally residents of the Chittagong Hill Tracts in erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) who left their homeland when it was submerged by the Kaptai Dam project in the 1960s.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: August 2017

    2. DRDO has recently undertaken the design and development of Trawl System for the minefield area in the battle zone to meet the operational requirements of Indian Army. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The indigenous developed Trawl System is employed for breaching of landmines and creating a vehicle safe lane, through a minefield for the advancing columns of mechanized forces in a combat zone.
    2. The indigenous development of Trawls by DRDO is an important step towards achieving self-reliance in the area of critical military equipment under ‘Make in India’ initiative and would result in saving of precious foreign exchange for the country.
    3. The Trawl System developed by DRDO is capable of breaching a variety of landmines including passive and active influence mines.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    R&DE (Engrs), a premier system engineering laboratory under Armament & Combat Engineering (ACE) cluster of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has recently undertaken the design and development of Trawl System for the minefield area in the battle zone to meet the operational requirements of Indian Army.

    The indigenous developed Trawl System is employed for breaching of landmines and creating a vehicle safe lane, through a minefield for the advancing columns of mechanized forces in a combat zone. The equipment consists of Trawl roller, track width mine plough and electro- magnetic device (EMD), which caters to the need of all types of mines usually encountered by the battle tank in such a scenario. The Trawl System developed by DRDO is capable of breaching a variety of landmines including passive and active influence mines.

    The Trawl system recently crossed a major milestone with the successful completion of blast trials in collaboration with HEMRL Pune, which demonstrated the survivability of the equipment, when subjected to successive series of blast directly underneath it. The fieldable prototype of the Trawl System is in the final stage of realization and would be shortly ready for the conduct of User Evaluation Trials by the Army.

    The indigenous development of Trawls by DRDO is an important step towards achieving self-reliance in the area of critical military equipment under ‘Make in India’ initiative and would result in saving of precious foreign exchange for the country.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    3. Exercise Yudh Abhyas - 2017, a joint military exercise has been commenced between which of the following countries?
    a. Japan
    b. USA
    c. Russia
    d. Israel

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Exercise Yudh Abhyas - 2017, a joint military exercise between Indian and US armies commenced this morning at Joint Base Lewis McChord, Washington, the USA with a brief and impressive opening ceremony.  The US contingent was represented by Company of 5th Infantry Battalion from 20 Infantry Regiment of the US Army while the Indian side was represented by soldiers of Gorkha Rifles from the Surya Command.  Major General Willard M Burlesan, GOC 7th Infantry Division, US Army welcomed the Indian soldiers. In inaugural remarks, he highlighted the commonly shared beliefs of democracy, freedom, equality and justice that are precious to both the nations.

    During the two-week, long exercise soldiers from both countries will hone their tactical skills in counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations under a joint brigade headquarter. Both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well-developed tactical drills for neutralization of likely threats that may be encountered in UN peace keeping operations.  Experts from both sides will hold detailed discussions to share their experience and expertise on varied operational topics.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    4. The year 2017 marks the 30th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Consider the following statements regarding the Montreal Protocol:
    1. The Montreal Protocol is one of the most successful global environmental treaties, the implementation of which has not only led to the phase-out of around 98% of ozone-depleting chemicals but also averted more than 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions.
    2. The Montreal Protocol is the only environmental treaty which enjoys universal ratification of 197 UN member countries.
    3. During the Kigali negotiations, India piloted the concept of two base lines and a differentiated phased down time schedule to factor in the needs of developing countries.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The year 2017 marks the 30th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The Montreal Protocol is one of the most successful global environmental treaties, the implementation of which has not only led to the phase-out of around 98% of ozone-depleting chemicals but also averted more than 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions. Nearly 2 million cases of skin cancer per year have been averted globally. The Montreal Protocol is the only environmental treaty which enjoys universal ratification of 197 UN member countries.

    During the Kigali negotiations, India piloted the concept of two base lines and a differentiated phased down time schedule to factor in the needs of developing countries.  This was the first time in the Montreal Protocol that the concept of two baselines has been adopted both for developed and developing countries.  On India’s initiative, energy efficiency was included for the first time in the Montreal Protocol as an agreed finance solution while phasing down HFCs.

    India has consciously chosen a path for most environment-friendly and energy efficient technologies, while phasing out Ozone Depleting substances, unlike many of the developed countries. India is among the few countries globally and a pioneer, in some cases, in the use of non-ODS low Global Warming Potential (GWP) technologies.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

    5. Recently, the Sardar Sarovar Dam has been inaugurated. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam built on Narmada river near Navagam, Gujarat, which will benefit four Indian states namely Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra and Rajasthan.
    2. A part of the Narmada Valley Project, it will help in irrigation and electrical power supply.
    3. Sardar Sarovar project is the second largest concrete gravity dam (by volume) and has the world's third-largest spillway discharging capacity.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam built on Narmada river near Navagam, Gujarat, which will benefit four Indian states namely Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra and Rajasthan. A part of the Narmada Valley Project, it will help in irrigation and electrical power supply. It is a part of a large hydraulic engineering project involving the construction of a series of large irrigation and hydroelectric multi-purpose dams on the Narmada River. One of the 30 dams planned on river Narmada, Sardar Sarovar Dam (SSD) is the largest structure to be built. The project will irrigate more than 18,000 m2 (190,000 sq ft), most of it in drought-prone areas of Kutch and Saurashtra. The total installed capacity of the power facilities is 1,450 MW.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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