IAS questions both in the IAS prelims and IAS mains exam are highly influenced by the current issues and events and therefore current affairs should be read thoroughly before the exam. In the IAS prelims exam, practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be given priority.
We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.
1. Recently, Justice Dalveer Bhandari from India was re-elected to the International Court of Justice (ICJ).Consider the following statements regarding the ICJ:
1) The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations (UN).
2) The United Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce Court rulings.
3) The ICJ is composed of 5 judges elected to nine-year terms by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council from a list of people nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial branch of the United Nations (UN). The court is seated in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands and it mainly settles legal disputes submitted to it by states and provides advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by authorized international branches, agencies, and the UN General Assembly.
Chapter XIV of the United Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce Court rulings. However, such enforcement is subject to the veto power of the five permanent members of the Council, which the United States used in the Nicaragua case.
The ICJ is composed of fifteen judges elected to nine-year terms by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council from a list of people nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Elections are staggered, with five judges elected every three years to ensure continuity within the court.
2. Every year the “Sangai Festival” is celebrated in the North-East India in November. Which of the following statements is true regarding this festival?
a. The festival is mainly celebrated in the Manipur state.
b. The ‘Festival’ is named after the State animal, Sangai found only in Manipur.
c. Manipur’s famous martial arts- Thang Ta forms a part of this festival.
d. All of the above
Every year the State of Manipur celebrates the “Manipur Sangai Festival” from 21st to 30th November. The ‘Festival’ is named after the State animal, Sangai, the brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur. The festival showcases the tourism potential of the Manipur state in the field of Arts & Culture, Handloom, Handicrafts, Indigenous Sports, Cuisine, Music and Adventure sports of the state etc.
Manipur’s famous martial arts- Thang Ta (a combination Spear & Sword skills), Yubi-Lakpi (a game played with greased coconut like rugby), Mukna Kangjei (a game that combines hockey and wrestling), and Sagol Kangjei- Modern Polo (believed to have evolved in Manipur) will all form part of the festival. Adventure sports activities like trekking, white water rafting and parasailing etc. will also form a major part of the festival.
3. Which of the following statements best describes the objective of the newly launched application M-STRiPES"?
1) The objective of the app is to strengthen patrolling and surveillance of the endangered tigers and eliminating human errors in counting.
2) The application has been designed by Zoology Institute of India.
Which of the above statements is true?
a. Only 1
b. Only 2
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The Indian Government launched M-STrIPES, a software-based monitoring system at tiger reserves across the country in 2010. The objective is to strengthen patrolling and surveillance of the endangered tigers. With the help of the new app field data collection for tiger enumeration in the country is set to go digital in order to reduce human error and provide more reliable estimates.
An app named M-STRiPES (Monitoring System For Tigers-Intensive Protection and Ecological Status) developed by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun will be used for the first time. It is a free app that will be made available to staff participating in the tiger census exercise, and they will feed in their observation during the carnivore sign survey and transect marking.
The national tiger estimates are conducted once in four years, with the first conducted in 2006. The last nationwide assessment, held in 2014, pegged the tiger figures across the country at 2,226. Karnataka alone was home to 400 tigers, a bulk of them in Bandipur and Nagarahole.
4. Which of the following sector has been granted the infrastructure status recently?
a. Sports Sector
b. Logistics Sector
c. Health Sector
d. None of the above
The Logistics Sector has been granted Infrastructure status recently sighting the need for integrated Logistics sector development as the logistics cost in India is very high compared to developed countries. High logistics cost reduces the competitiveness of Indian goods both in domestic as well as export market. Development of logistics would give a boost to both domestic and external demand thereby encouraging manufacturing and 'job creation'. This will, in turn, be instrumental in improving country's GDP.
It will enable the Logistics Sector to avail infrastructure lending at easier terms with enhanced limits, access to larger amounts of funds as External Commercial Borrowings (ECB), access to longer tenor funds from insurance companies and pension funds and be eligible to borrow from India Infrastructure Financing Company Limited (IIFCL).
5. Which of the following statements is true regarding the Swachh Iconic Places (SIP)?
a. Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) is an initiative of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
b. Gangotri, Yamunotri and Mahakaleshwar Temple are some of the new iconic sites under Swachh Iconic Places (SIP).
c. Both (a) and (b)
d. None of the above
Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) is an initiative of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation under Swachh Bharat Mission. It was initiated as a project to implement the vision to take iconic places and their surroundings to higher standards of Swachhata.
10 New Iconic sites identified under Phase II of this project include:
• Mahakaleshwar Temple,
• Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assissi,
• Baijnath Dham,
• Gaya Tirth and
• Somnath temple.