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IAS Questions for Prelims: 28 August 2017

Aug 28, 2017 12:56 IST
    IAS Questions for Prelims 28 August 2017
    IAS Questions for Prelims 28 August 2017

    We can see the IAS questions based on the current affairs in large number in the few years of UPSC IAS Prelims Exam papers. So, it is very important to focus on the current affairs section in which a large number of questions asked based on the events happened in the recent period.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Recently, Nuakhai Juhar one of the agricultural festivals has been celebrated in which of the following states of India?
    a. Bihar
    b. Odisha
    c. Jharkhand
    d. Uttarakhand

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Nuakhai is an agricultural festival mainly observed by people of Western Odisha in India. Nuakhai is observed to welcome the new rice of the season. According to the calendar, it is observed on Panchami tithi (the fifth day) of the lunar fortnight of the month of Bhadrapada or Bhaadra (August–September), the day after the Ganesh Chaturthi festival. This is the most important social festival of Western Odisha and adjoining areas of Simdega in Jharkhand.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: July 2017

    2. Recently, the Government has set its target of 100 GW of solar power by 2022. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The main benefit of roof top is to the environment since it reduces the dependence on fossil-fuel generated electricity, solar power can also augment the grid supply in places where it is erratic.
    2. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has pegged the market potential for rooftop solar at 124 GW, however; only 1,247 MW of capacity had been installed as of December 31, 2016.

    Which of the above statements is true?
    a. Only 1
    b. Only 2
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    The government has set itself a target of 100 GW of solar power by 2022, of which 60 GW is to come from utilities and 40 GW from rooftop solar installations. While the 60 GW target seems achievable, the country is lagging behind on the target set for rooftop solar.

    What is rooftop solar?
    Rooftop solar installations — as opposed to large-scale solar power generation plants — can be installed on the roofs of buildings. As such, they fall under two brackets: commercial and residential. This simply has to do with whether the solar panels are being installed on top of commercial buildings or residential complexes.

    What are the benefits?
    Rooftop solar provides companies and residential areas the option of an alternative source of electricity to that provided by the grid. While the main benefit of this is to the environment, since it reduces the dependence on fossil-fuel generated electricity, solar power can also augment the grid supply in places where it is erratic.

    Rooftop solar also has the great benefit of being able to provide electricity to those areas that are not yet connected to the grid — remote locations and areas where the terrain makes it difficult to set up power stations and lay power lines.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: June 2017

    3. Scientists at the Kolkata-based Indian Statistical Institute have discovered fossil remains of horned reptiles about 245 million years old (early Middle Triassic) from which of the following states of India?
    a. Kolkata
    b. Madhya Pradesh
    c. Maharashtra
    d. Andhra Pradesh

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Scientists at the Kolkata-based Indian Statistical Institute have discovered fossil remains of horned reptiles about 245 million years old (early Middle Triassic) from the Satpura Gondwana basin in Madhya Pradesh. The reptile is a new genus and has been named Shringasaurus indicus. The results were published in the journal Scientific Reports.

    Shringasaurus belongs to a group of reptiles (Allokotosauria) that appeared in the Early or Middle Triassic and became completely extinct close to the end of the Triassic period (approximately 200 million years ago).

    The name Shringasaurus indicus is derived from ancient Sanskrit and Greek roots and refers to the horns present on its skull (‘Shringa’ for horn and ‘sauros’ for a reptile), while indicus refers to India, the country of discovery.

    Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

    4. The history of jewellery and decoration has been pushed back by about 4,000 years in Telangana with the recent excavation of 50 pieces of bone ornaments at the hamlet of Narmetta located in which of the following cities of India?
    a. Hyderabad
    b. Chennai
    c. Bhopal
    d. Jaipur

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The history of jewellery and decoration has been pushed back by about 4,000 years in Telangana with the recent excavation of 50 pieces of bone ornaments at the hamlet of Narmetta, an agricultural village on the outskirts of Hyderabad. Shaped like a rhombus with round markings in the middle and circular indentation, the pieces led archaeologists to surmise that they might have been used as jewellery. Now, samples of the bone ornaments are being analysed at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in Hyderabad.

    Along with the small bone ornaments, the officials of the Department of Archaeology and Museum also unearthed one of the biggest capstones in the region. Weighing about 42 tonnes, officials had to requisition a crane to manoeuvre the stone aside and have a look at what lay underneath.

    ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17 IMPORTANT QUESTIONS

    5. In the Bandipur National Park, an estimated 60% is affected by Lantana, which hinders the growth of native vegetation that herbivores such as deer and elephants feed. Consider the following statements regarding the Lantana Camara:
    1. Native to South America, Lantana camara was brought to India by the British as ornamental plants, possibly as long as 200 years ago.
    2. Lantana camara is one of the most invasive of plants that have taken over the country’s forests, driving wild animals out for foraging.
    3. Forest officials in different parts of the country have watched helplessly as the invasive plant has spread, and efforts to contain it have gone largely in vain.

    Which of the following above statements is true?
    a. 1 and 2
    b. 2 and 3
    c. 1 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Tiny flowers of pink, yellow and purple emerge against the backdrop of the bright green thickets of shrub in the Bandipur National Park on Mysore-Ooty Road. But the flowering shrub that hosts them is Lantana camara, one of the most invasive of plants that have taken over the country’s forests, driving wild animals out for foraging. In the Bandipur National Park, an estimated 60% is affected by Lantana, which hinders the growth of native vegetation that herbivores such as deer and elephants feed on. Further, its fruit is toxic to animals.

    Native to South America, Lantana camara was brought to India by the British as ornamental plants, possibly as long as 200 years ago. Forest officials in different parts of the country have watched helplessly as the invasive plant has spread, and efforts to contain it have gone largely in vain.

    The forest department is banking on a bug to deal with the Lantana menace in both Bandipur and Nagarhole. Called Teleonemia scrupulosa, or Lantana Lace, it has made a comeback and has begun eating the Lantana leaves vigorously. “A group of entomologists came down to study the Lantana leaves affected by the bug recently and they identified it. Now we are using the bug to carry out biological control of the spread of invasive plants,” says Ambady Madhav, Director of the Bandipur National Park.

    Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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