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Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 3

Feb 14, 2018 19:24 IST
    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 3
    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 3

    The IAS aspirants must prepare well the static part of the UPSC IAS syllabus. An IAS aspirant should study the necessary books for IAS Exam on priority basis then they should proceed to the next level of IAS preparation. To study the questions based on the static topics of every subject is simultaneously important for IAS Exam. Here we have provided multiple choice questions based on the topic of Indian Modern History, struggle for Swaraj are very important for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

    IAS Prelims Exam Guide

    1. Anusuyya Sarabhai assisted Mahatma Gandhi during which of the following agitations?

    a. Ahmedabad Mill Strike
    b. Dandi
    c. Champaran
    d. Kheda

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi intervened in a dispute between the workers and mill owners of Ahmadabad. He undertook a fast unto death to force a compromise. The mill owners relented on the fourth day and agreed to give the workers 35 per cent increase in wages. He also supported the peasants of Khaira in Gujarat in their struggle against the collection of land revenue when their crops had failed. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel left his lucrative practice at the Bar at this time to help Gandhi.

    The frustrated workers of the mill turned to Anusuyya Sarabhai, a social worker who was also the sister of the president of the Ahmedabad Mill Owner’s Association (founded 1891 to develop the textile industry in Ahmedabad), for help in fighting for economic justice. Anusuyya soon urged Mohandas Gandhi, who was respected by the mill owners and workers, to intervene and help resolve the impasse between the workers and the employers. Gandhi proposed an arbitration board comprised of three representatives from each side to engage in dialogues to resolve the issue. Though both sides had agreed to this arbitration and chosen their representatives, the mill owners refused to partake in the first meeting when the labourers struck work. The strike had been prompted by the labourers’ anticipation of a lock-out in all the mills, but nonetheless, Gandhi apologized to the mill owners for the ill timing of the strike.

    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 2

    2. Satyagraha Sabha was founded by Mahatma Gandhi against which of the following Acts?
    a. Government of India Act, 1935
    b. Rowlatt Act, 1919
    c. Official Secret Act, 1923
    d. The Indian Councils Act, 1909

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    Along with other nationalists, Gandhi was also aroused by the Rowlatt Act. In February 1919, he founded the Satyagraha Sabha whose members took a pledge to disobey the Act and thus to court arrest and imprisonment. Here was a new method of struggle. The nationalist movement, whether under the Moderate or Extremist leadership, had hitherto confined its struggle to agitation. Big meetings and demonstrations, refusal to cooperate with the Government, boycott of foreign cloth and schools, or individual acts of terrorism were the only forms of political work known to the nationalists. Satyagraha immediately raised the movement to a new higher level. Nationalists could now act in place of giving only verbal expression to their dissatisfaction and anger. The National Congress was now to become an organisation for political action.

    Modern History Quiz for IAS Exam: Struggle for Swaraj 1

    3. On 6 April 1919, which of the following historical events took place in India?
    a. Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre
    b. Dandi March
    c. Non Cooperation
    d. Bengal partition

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    The Government was determined to suppress the mass agitation. It repeatedly lathi-charged and fired upon unarmed demonstrators at Bombay, Ahmadabad, Calcutta, Delhi and other cities. Gandhiji gave a call for a mighty hartal on 6 April 1919. The people responded with unprecedented enthusiasm. The Government decided to meet the popular protest with repression, particularly in Punjab. At this time was perpetrated one of the worst political crimes in modern history. An unarmed but large crowd had gathered on 13 April 1919 at Amritsar (in Punjab) in the Jallianwalla Bagh, to protest against the arrest of their popular leaders, Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satyapal.

    General Dyer, the military commander of Amritsar, decided to terrorise the people of Amritsar into complete submission. Jallianwala Bagh was a large open space which was enclosed on three sides by buildings and had only one exit. He surrounded the Bagh (garden) with his army unit, closed the exit with his troops, and then ordered his men to shoot into the trapped crowd with rifles and machine-guns. They fired till their ammunition was exhausted.

    MODERN HISTORY Study Material for IAS

    3. The people were gathered in Jallianwalla Bagh to protest the arrest of whom among the following leaders?
    a. Bhagat Singh and Dr. Satyapal
    b. Bhagat Singh and Rajguru
    c. Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Mahatma Gandhi
    d. Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satyapal

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The British Government was determined to suppress the mass agitation. It repeatedly lathi-charged and fired upon unarmed demonstrators at Bombay, Ahmadabad, Calcutta, Delhi and other cities. Gandhiji gave a call for a mighty hartal on 6 April 1919. The people responded with unprecedented enthusiasm. The Government decided to meet the popular protest with repression, particularly in Punjab. At this time was perpetrated one of the worst political crimes in modern history. An unarmed but large crowd had gathered on 13 April 1919 at Amritsar (in Punjab) in the Jallianwalla Bagh, to protest against the arrest of their popular leaders, Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlu and Dr. Satyapal.

    General Dyer, the military commander of Amritsar, decided to terrorise the people of Amritsar into complete submission. Jallianwala Bagh was a large open space which was enclosed on three sides by buildings and had only one exit. He surrounded the Bagh (garden) with his army unit, closed the exit with his troops, and then ordered his men to shoot into the trapped crowd with rifles and machine-guns. They fired till their ammunition was exhausted.

    IAS Prelims Exam Modern History Questions: Economic Impact of the British Rule 1

    4. Which of the following leaders were among those who left Congress after the declaration of non- cooperation programme because they still believed in the lawful struggle?
    1. Subhas Chandra Bose
    2. Annie Besant
    3. G.S. Kharpade
    4. Mohammad Ali Jinnah
    5. 5 ) Jawahar Lal Nehru

    Codes:
    a. 1, 2, 3 and 5
    b. 2, 3 and 4
    c. Only 1 and 2
    d. All of the above

    Answer: b

    Explanation:

    With the declaration of non- cooperation programme by the Congress in the Nagpur session of 1920, many groups of revolutionary terrorists, especially those from Bengal, also pledged support to the Congress programme. But at this stage, some leaders like Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, G.S. Kharpade and B.C. Pal left the Congress as they believed in a constitutional and lawful struggle while some others like Surendranath Banerjee founded the Indian National Liberal Federation.

    Modern History Quiz: Economic Impact of the British Rule 2

    5. Who among the following was associated with the Heraka religious movement?
    a. Rani Gaidinliu
    b. J.M. Sengupta
    c. Aruna Asaf Ali
    d. None of the above

    Answer: a

    Explanation:

    Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga political and spiritual leader who had led a revolt against British colonial rule in India. Her political struggle in present Northeast India was based on Gandhian principles of Satyagraha, non-violence, self-reliance. She also had played an important role in India’s wider freedom movement by spreading the message of Gandhi Ji in Manipur region. She was born on 26 January 1915 in Nungkao (a Rongmei village) in the north-eastern state of Manipur. She died on 17 February 1993 in Longkao, Manipur. Freedom struggle: She had participated in the freedom struggle at a very young age of 13 after she came under the influence Heraka religious movement.
    Heraka religious movement: This movement which was launched by her cousin Haipou Jadonang initially to reform the Zealiangrong Naga communities.

    History Questions for IAS

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