# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 - Maps

Jul 27, 2020 18:39 IST
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 - Maps

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 - Maps that are provided by Jagran Josh are the best study material to learn all the concepts easily and effectively. These solutions are provided with accurate details and are designed in a concise manner. So, students would not find it difficult to understand all the answers. These solutions are sure to boost your learning ability thereby helping you perform outstandingly in your exams. You will get here solutions to all questions given at the end of chapter 4 of the latest NCERT Book for Class 6 Geography. All these NCERT Solutions are available here in an easily downloadable format.

Check below the NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 4 - Maps:

Exercises

1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the three components of a map?

The three components of the map are:

(i) Distance

(ii) Direction

(iii) Symbol

(b) What are the four cardinal directions?

The four cardinal directions are:

(i) North

(ii) South

(iii) East

(iv) West

(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

The scale of the map is defined as the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.

For example, the distance between your school and your home is 10 km. If you show this 10 km distance by 2 cm on a map, it means, 1 cm on the map will show 5 km on the ground. Therefore, the scale of your map will be 1cm = 5 km.

(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?

Maps are more useful than a globe as they provide us with a lot of information about the earth. Globe can be useful only when we want to study the Earth as a whole. But, when we want to study only a part of the Earth, only a map comes to be useful for this purpose.

Maps can be used to show finer details of the earth including its physical features such as mountains, plains, rivers, oceans, etc., and the political divisions of the earth like countries, states, cities, villages, etc. We can also know certain specific information about roads, rainfall, distribution of forests, industries, etc., using maps.

(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.

The difference between a map and a plan is given below:

 Map Plan 1. A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale. 1. A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale. 2. It covers only the important features as it has to cover a larger portion of the earth. 2. It gives every finer detail of an area or a place as it has to cover a small area. 3. It is drawn on a small scale. 3. It is drawn on a large scale.

(f) Which map provides detailed information?

A large scale map provides detailed information.

(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?

It is not possible to draw on a map the actual shape and size of different features such as buildings, roads, bridges, trees, railway lines or a well. So, they are shown by using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines. These symbols make it easier to understand and interpret the map.

With the use of these symbols, maps can be read easily even if you don’t know the language of an area. You can collect information from maps with the help of these symbols.

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(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are

(i) Physical map

(ii) Thematic Map

(iii) Political map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing

(i) Water bodies

(ii) Mountains

(iii) Plains

(c) A compass is used –

(i) To show symbols

(ii) To find the main direction

(iii) To measure distance

Answer: (ii) To find the main direction

(d) A scale is necessary

(i) For a map

(ii) For a sketch

(iii) For symbols